Pinus echinata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Arkansas pine shortleaf pine southern pine

Pinus echinata is a species of pine native to the eastern United States from southern New York south to northern Florida, west to the extreme southeast of Kansas, and southwest to eastern Texas. The tree is variable in form, sometimes straight, sometimes crooked, with an irregular crown. This tree reaches heights of 20–30 metres with a trunk diameter of 0.5–0.9 metres. The leaves are needle-like, in bundles of two and three mixed together, and from 7–11 centimetres long. The cones are 4–7 centimetres long, with thin scales with a transverse keel and a short prickle. They open at maturity but are persistent. Shortleaf pine seedlings develop a persistent J-shaped crook near the ground surface. Axillary and other buds form near the crook and initiate growth if the upper stem is killed by fire or is severed. This pine is a source of wood pulp, plywood veneer, and lumber for a variety of uses. The Shortleaf Pine is one of the southern US "yellow" pines; it is also occasionally called Southern Yellow pine or the Shortstraw Pine. Shortleaf Pine has the largest range of the southern US yellow pines. This pine occupies a variety of habitats from rocky uplands to wet flood plains.

Pinus echinata

Economic importance of Pinus echinata

Environmental revegetator
Materials fiber wod

Gallery

Pinus echinata Pinus echinata Pinus echinata Pinus echinata Pinus echinata Pinus echinata Pinus echinata Pinus echinata Pinus echinata Pinus echinata Pinus echinata

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - New Jersey, New York , Ohio , Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois , Missouri , Oklahoma
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida , Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Analgesic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Anorexic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
AntiAGE
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
AntiCFS
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
AntiHIV
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (0.42 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Antiacne
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Shoot (8.4 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antiaging
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Shoot (630 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Shoot (2.1 ppm)
Iron found in Shoot (630 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (2.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Antibacterial
Iodine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Silver found in Shoot (0.126 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Shoot (630 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Anticataract
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Shoot (630 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (0.42 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (2.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antifatigue
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (2.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Lithium found in Shoot (0.42 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Shoot (2.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antileukemic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antimanic
Lithium found in Shoot (0.42 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Shoot (630 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Shoot (2.1 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Boron found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Boron found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (2.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (1512 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Antioxidant
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Lithium found in Shoot (0.42 ppm)
Antiradicular
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Lithium found in Shoot (0.42 ppm)
Antiseptic
Iodine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Shoot (4200 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antitumor
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antiulcer
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Shoot (4200 ppm)
Antiviral
Iodine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (0.42 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (1512 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Apoptotic
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Astringent
Silver found in Shoot (0.126 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Shoot (4200 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (2.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Cholinergic
Lithium found in Shoot (0.42 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Shoot (2.1 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Deliriant
Lithium found in Shoot (0.42 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Shoot (4200 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Shoot (21 ppm)
Fungicide
Iodine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Sodium found in Shoot (63 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (2.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (1260 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (2.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Shoot (1512 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Shoot (8.4 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Lithogenic
Cadmium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Natriuretic
Lithium found in Shoot (0.42 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (0.42 ppm)
Mercury found in Shoot (0.025 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Shoot (1512 ppm)
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Shoot (4200 ppm)
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Silver found in Shoot (0.126 ppm)
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Shoot (630 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Shoot (2.1 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Toxic
Vanadium found in Shoot (1.26 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Shoot (0.2 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Shoot (11760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Shoot (8400 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Shoot (88 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Aluminum Shoot 255 4,200
Ash Shoot 17,000 42,000
Barium Shoot 5 21
Boron Shoot 2 21
Cadmium Shoot 0 2
Calcium Shoot 1,088 11,760
Chromium Shoot 0.08 1.26
Cobalt Shoot 0.03 1.26
Copper Shoot 0.8 2.1
Fluorine Shoot 0 0.42
Iodine Shoot 4 6
Iron Shoot 34 630
Lead Shoot 1.7 63
Lithium Shoot 0.068 0.42
Magnesium Shoot 255 2,100
Manganese Shoot 51 1,260
Mercury Shoot 0 0.025
Nickel Shoot 0.26 8.4
Phosphorus Shoot 306 1,512
Potassium Shoot 952 8,400
Selenium Shoot 0.02 0.2
Silver Shoot 0 0.126
Sodium Shoot 3 63
Strontium Shoot 3 84
Titanium Shoot 3 84
Vanadium Shoot 0.08 1.26
Ytterbium Shoot 0.03 0.13
Zinc Shoot 6 88
Zirconium Shoot 0.3 6.3
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]