Pimpinella anisum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
anise sweet-cumin
Pimpinella anisum

Medical use

Economic importance of Pimpinella anisum

Food additives flavoring
Human food beverage base
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Seed
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Isovitexin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
D-carvone found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Acaricide
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Addictive
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Adrenergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cynaroside found in Seed (1280 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
P-cresol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (119 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Allergenic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Amphetaminagenic
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chamazulene found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (875000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (752000 ppm);found in Seed (126000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (98000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (825000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Boron found in Seed (20 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Anesthetic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (875000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (752000 ppm);found in Seed (126000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (98000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (825000 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Root
Thymol found in Essential Oil
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Seed
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Seed
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Seed
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
AntiTNF
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
D-carvone found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiaggregant
Anisyl-alcohol found in Seed (1750 ppm)
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (815000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Salicylates found in Seed (230 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (409 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Chamazulene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Antialopecic
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (9 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (409 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antiapertif
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Seed
Antiappetant
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (9 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Anisic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cis-ocimene found in Seed (25 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Sabinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Squalene found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antibronchitic
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Butyric-acid found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Rutin found in Seed
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (409 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Seed
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (409 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Anticholinesterase
D-carvone found in Plant
Fenchone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antichoreic
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Seed
Apigenin-7-o-glucoside found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Luteolin-7-o-glucoside found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (9 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antienterococcic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Seed
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Seed
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Seed
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (875000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (752000 ppm);found in Seed (126000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (98000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (825000 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Rutin found in Seed
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Antihalitosic
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Seed
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Seed
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Antihepatomic
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Antihepatotic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Luteolin-7-o-glucoside found in Seed
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antiileus
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Scoparone found in Leaf
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Apigenin found in Seed
Apigenin-7-o-glucoside found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chamazulene found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Copper found in Seed (9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (230 ppm)
Scoparone found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Scoparone found in Leaf
Antijet-lag
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiklebsiellic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antileucodermic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Seselin found in Leaf
Antileukodermic
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chamazulene found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Antilipogenic
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Seed
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antimalarial
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Antimange
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Seed
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antimelasmic
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Iron found in Seed (409 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antimitotic
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antimutagenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed
P-cresol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antimycotic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antinephritic
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root
Rutin found in Seed
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (9 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (4862 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (119 ppm)
Chamazulene found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Isoorientin found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Isovitexin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Squalene found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (875000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (752000 ppm);found in Seed (126000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (98000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (825000 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Isoorientin found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Antipertussive
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antipityriasic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiplatelet
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Seed
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Apigenin found in Seed
Beta-elemene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Seed
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antipseudomonic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antipsoriac
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Seed
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Chamazulene found in Essential Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Salicylates found in Seed (230 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Leaf
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (875000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (752000 ppm);found in Seed (126000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (98000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (825000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Scoparone found in Leaf
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Anisic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Ar-curcumene found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Antisalmonella
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Anisic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antiscleromyxoedemic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Anisic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chamazulene found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cresol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Furfural found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
P-cresol found in Plant
Sabinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chamazulene found in Essential Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cis-ocimene found in Seed (25 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Seed
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antistress
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antitachycardic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Seed
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Seed
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Antithyreotropic
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Antitubercular
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antitumor
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Apigenin found in Seed
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Squalene found in Plant
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Antiulcer
Alpha-zingiberene found in Plant
Ar-curcumene found in Seed (200 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Sabinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Antiurease
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (230 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Seed
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Apigenin found in Seed
Ar-curcumene found in Seed (200 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Antivitiligic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiyeast
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (4862 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Seed Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Butyric-acid found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Astringent
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Seed
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Seed
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Seed
Bufocide
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Seed
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Scoparone found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
CNS-Stimulant
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Cynaroside found in Seed (1280 ppm)
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (815000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (875000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (752000 ppm);found in Seed (126000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (98000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (825000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Seed
Cancer-Preventive
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (815000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Isovitexin found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
P-cresol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Squalene found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Candidicide
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Seed
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Candidistat
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Carcinogenic
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (815000 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Cardiac
Scoparone found in Leaf
Cardiodepressant
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (9 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Carminative
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Cerebrostimulant
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Squalene found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Scoparone found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Scoparone found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Cholinergic
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Chronotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Circulatory-Stimulant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Clastogenic
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (9 ppm)
Controlled
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Convulsant
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Seed
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Myristic-acid found in Seed
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed
Counterirritant
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Fenchone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Culicide
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Seed
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Cytotoxic
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
DME-Inhibitor
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (815000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Decongestant
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Deliriant
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Dentifrice
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Deodorant
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Depigmentor
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Digestive
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Emetic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Emollient
Starch found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Estrogenic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Apigenin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Boron found in Seed (20 ppm)
Dianethole found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (119 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anisyl-alcohol found in Seed (1750 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (119 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Dihydrocarvyl-acetate found in Plant
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (815000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Fenchone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Furfural found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed
P-cresol found in Plant
P-methoxyphenylacetone found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Seed
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (875000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (752000 ppm);found in Seed (126000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (98000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (825000 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Root
Fungicide
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cis-ocimene found in Seed (25 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Furfural found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Seselin found in Leaf
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Fungistat
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Gastrostimulant
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Hallucinogenic
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Hemolytic
Cresol found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (815000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Hepatoprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Hepatoregenerative
Azulene found in Seed
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Hepatotoxic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Histaminic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Seed (230 ppm)
Hypertensive
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Sodium found in Seed (177 ppm)
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (408 ppm)
Hypertrichotic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (9 ppm)
Cynaroside found in Seed (1280 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Manganese found in Seed (23 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (230 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Hypotensive
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Hypothermic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (815000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (9 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (4862 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Scoparone found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Seed
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Seed
Insect-Repellent
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Insecticide-Synergist
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
D-carvone found in Plant
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (815000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Furfural found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (119 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (815000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Seed
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Apigenin found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cresol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Furfural found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed
Phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (408 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Seed
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Lactagogue
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Isoorientin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Lipolytic
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Lipotropic
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Squalene found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Seed
Melaninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Melatoninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Memorigenic
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Miotic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Molluscicide
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Monoaminergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Mutagenic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Apigenin found in Seed
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (815000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Mycoplasmistat
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Myocontractant
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Myopic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Seed
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Myotonic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
NO-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Seed
Nephroprotective
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Root
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Seed
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Neurotransmitter
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Seed
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Seed
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (4862 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Oxytocic
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Seed
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Seed
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Seed
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Paralytic
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Parasiticide
Cresol found in Plant
P-cresol found in Plant
Parasympathomimetic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (3950 ppm)
Pediculicide
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (40000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil (815000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Fenchone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Isocaryophyllene found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed
Propionic-acid found in Seed
Sabinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Squalene found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Peristaltic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Pesticide
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Anisic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Azulene found in Seed
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Butyric-acid found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (119 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chamazulene found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cresol found in Plant
D-carvone found in Plant
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Furfural found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Isoorientin found in Seed
Isopimpinellin found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
P-cresol found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Seselin found in Leaf
Squalene found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Photoactive
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Photodermatitigenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Phototoxic
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Piscicide
Bergapten found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Isopimpinellin found in Root
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Seed
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Poultice
Starch found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Progestational
Apigenin found in Seed
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (409 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (52000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (217000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Protisticide
Rutin found in Seed
Psychoactive
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Seed
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Respiraparalytic
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Rodenticide
P-cresol found in Plant
Rubefacient
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Propionic-acid found in Seed
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (9 ppm)
Secretogogue
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Secretolytic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Fenchone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Imperatorin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Serotoninergic
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Sialogogue
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (9730 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (119 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (408 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Stimulant
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Squalene found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
Sweetener
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Trans-anethole found in Shoot Essent. Oil (875000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (752000 ppm);found in Seed (126000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (98000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (825000 ppm)
Sympathomimetic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Root
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Tachycardic
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Teratogenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Seed
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Tinnitigenic
Hydroquinone found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Toxic
Cis-anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (200 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Tracheorelaxant
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Scoparone found in Leaf
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (306 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed (1 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (459 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Trichomonicide
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (50 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (408 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed (1960 ppm)
Anisic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (737 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (230 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (25000 ppm);found in Seed
Uterotonic
Myristicin found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Seed
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Vasodilator
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (64 ppm)
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7843 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Fiber found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1878 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (15923 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Seed
Vermicide
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Essential Oil
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (1 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Chamazulene found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (59 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (2060 ppm)
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (5000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Seed (1250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,4-benzoquinone Leaf
Root
Tissue Culture
1-(1-methyl-cyclohexyl)-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-benzene-methyl-chav Plant
1-methyl-4-(1-propenyl)-benzene Plant
1-methyl-4-isobutylbenzene Plant
1-propenyl-2-hydroxy-5-methoxy-benzene-2-(2-methyl-butyrate) Seed
2,6,10,14-tetramethyl-pentadecane Plant
4-(beta-d-glucopyranosyloxy)-benzoic-acid Seed 9,000
4-4'-dimethoxy-stilbene Seed Essent. Oil
4-methoxy-2-(prop-trans-1-enyl)-phenyl-(dl)-2-methyl-butanoate Shoot Essent. Oil 15,000
4-methoxy-2-(trans-1-propenyl)-phenyl-2-methylbutyrate Seed
5-methoxy-psoralen Seed
Abscisic-acid Seed 0.2
Acetaldehyde Seed
Acetoanisole Seed 100
Acetyl-choline Seed 64
Alpha-himachalene Seed
Alpha-pinene Essential Oil
Seed 1 306
Alpha-terpinene Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol Seed 1
Alpha-thujene Essential Oil
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf
Tissue Culture
Root
Alpha-tocoquinone Leaf
Tissue Culture
Root
Alpha-zingiberene Plant
Anethol-glycol Plant
Anethole Seed Essent. Oil 800,000 900,000
Seed
Tissue Culture
Shoot
Seed
Plant
Essential Oil
Root
Anisaldehyde Essential Oil
Seed 140 1,960
Anisic-acid Essential Oil
Seed
Anisketone Seed 731
Anisyl ketone Seed Essent. Oil
Anisyl-alcohol Seed 100 1,750
Apigenin Seed
Apigenin-7-o-glucoside Seed
Ar-curcumene Seed 200
Ascorbic-acid Seed 8 9
Ash Seed 60,000 100,000
Azulene Seed
Bergapten Seed
Tissue Culture 5,000
Beta-amyrin Seed
Beta-bisabolene Essential Oil
Tissue Culture
Beta-caryophyllene Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Beta-elemene Seed Essent. Oil
Beta-farnesene Seed
Beta-himachalene Seed
Beta-pinene Seed 1
Beta-sitosterol Tissue Culture
Bisabolene Seed
Boron Seed 20
Butyric-acid Seed
Cadalene Seed
Caffeic-acid Seed 2,060
Caffeoylquinic-acid Seed
Calcium Seed 6,460 7,843
Camphene Essential Oil
Seed 119
Camphor Seed Essent. Oil
Carbohydrates Seed 453,000 552,000
Carvene Seed 4,240
Carvone Seed Essent. Oil
Chamazulene Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid Seed 1,000
Choline Seed 3,950
Cinnamaldehyde Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamyl-alcohol Seed Essent. Oil
Cis-anethole Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 200
Essential Oil
Cis-ocimene Seed 25
Copper Seed 9
Coumarins Seed
Cresol Plant
Cynaroside Seed 1,280
D-carvone Plant
Delta-elemene Seed
Dianethole Seed
Dianisoin Seed
Dihydrocarvone-acetate Seed Essent. Oil
Dihydrocarvyl-acetate Plant
Eo Seed 6,100 140,000
Tissue Culture
Epoxy-pseudoisoeugenol-(2-methly-butyrate) Plant
Estragole Seed Essent. Oil 40,000
Seed
Essential Oil 815,000
Eugenol Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Essential Oil
Fat Seed 80,000 304,000
Fenchone Seed Essent. Oil
Fiber Seed 120,000 250,000
Foeniculin Seed
Furfural Seed 30,000
Gamma-himachalene Seed 200 1,200
Glucinol Tissue Culture
Hydroquinone Plant
Hydroquinone-methyl-ether Seed
Imperatorin Leaf
Iron Seed 348 409
Isocaryophyllene Plant
Isochavibetol Seed 250
Isoorientin Seed
Isopimpinellin Root
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Isovitexin Seed
Kilocalories Seed 3,370 4,150
Limonene Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 25 459
Essential Oil
Linalool Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 50
Linoleic-acid Seed 13,700 52,000
Luteolin Seed 1,250
Luteolin-7-glycoside Plant
Luteolin-7-o-beta-d-xyloside Seed 1,580
Luteolin-7-o-beta-d-xyloxide Seed
Luteolin-7-o-glucoside Seed
Luteolin-7-o-xyloside Plant
Magnesium Seed 1,878
Manganese Seed 23
Mannitol Root
Methyl-chavicol Seed 100 1,200
Myricanol Root
Myristic-acid Seed
Myristicin Seed
Tissue Culture
Oleic-acid Seed 44,800 217,000
P-anisaldehyde Seed
P-anisic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid Seed 737
P-creosol Plant
P-cresol Plant
P-methoxyphenylacetone Seed
Palmitic-acid Seed 2,560 9,730
Petroselinic-acid Seed 18,800 489,000
Phellandrene Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 408
Phosphorus Seed 4,400 4,862
Photoanethole Seed
Plastohydroquinone-9 Leaf
Tissue Culture
Root
Plastoquinone 9 Leaf
Tissue Culture
Root
Potassium Seed 14,410 15,923
Pregeijerene Root Essent. Oil 164,000
Pristane Plant
Proazulene Plant
Propionic-acid Seed
Protein Seed 188,000 213,000
Pseudoisoeugenol-(2-methyl-butyrate) Root
Seed 500 3,000
Shoot
Quercetin Seed
Quercetin-3-glucuronide Plant
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide Seed
Quercetin-glucosides Seed
Rutin Seed
Sabinene Seed 1
Safrole Essential Oil
Salicylates Seed 30 230
Scoparone Leaf
Scopoletin Leaf
Tissue Culture 25,000
Seed
Seselin Leaf
Sodium Seed 160 177
Squalene Plant
Starch Seed 50,000
Stigmasterol Seed
Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol-palmitate Seed
Stigmasterol-stearate Seed
Sugar Seed 30,000 50,000
Terpineol Essential Oil
Thymol Essential Oil
Trans-alpha-bergamotene Seed Essent. Oil
Trans-anethole Shoot Essent. Oil 875,000
Seed Essent. Oil 752,000
Seed 14,000 126,000
Essential Oil 98,000
Leaf Essent. Oil 825,000
Umbelliferone Seed
Tissue Culture 5,000
Umbelliprenine Seed
Vitamin-k-1 Leaf
Root
Tissue Culture
Water Seed 95,000 110,000
Xanthotoxin Seed
Zinc Seed 59
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]