Pimenta dioica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
allspice clover-pepper Jamaica-pepper pimenta
Pimenta dioica

Medical use

Economic importance of Pimenta dioica

Food additives flavoring
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Mexico
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Cuba; Jamaica
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Adrenergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (51 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Fruit (42 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Acetone found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
AntiCVI
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
AntiHIV
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (51 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Salicylates found in Fruit (55 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Antialopecic
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Bud (10 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Copper found in Bud (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (59 ppm);found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Cis-ocimene found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (51 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (51 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Copper found in Bud (10 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antienterococcic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Copper found in Bud (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Fruit (42 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Plant
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Copper found in Bud (10 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Salicylates found in Fruit (55 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Antiischemic
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antiklebsiellic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antimalarial
Alpha-selinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (45 ppm);found in Fruit (315 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Plant
Antimange
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antimanic
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Fruit (42 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Copper found in Bud (10 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Copper found in Bud (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1235 ppm);found in Leaf (1399 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Campesterol found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Fruit (42 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Plant
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Alpha-selinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (45 ppm);found in Fruit (315 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antipseudomonic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Salicylates found in Fruit (55 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Ar-curcumene found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Aromadendrene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Hexanol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Methyl-benzoate found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Plant (110 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (59 ppm);found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Cis-ocimene found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (51 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antitubercular
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Antitumor-Promoter
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (405 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Ar-curcumene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Antiurease
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Fruit (55 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Plant (110 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Ar-curcumene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1235 ppm);found in Leaf (1399 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Bacteristat
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Depressant
Acetone found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (22500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Fruit (60 ppm);found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Plant
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (22500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Aluminum found in Plant (110 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Candidistat
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Capillariprotective
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Plant (0.05 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Copper found in Bud (10 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Carminative
Copaene found in Fruit (15 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Chronotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Circulatory-Stimulant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Bud (10 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (51 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (22500 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Fruit (60 ppm);found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Deodorant
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Fruit (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (59 ppm);found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Delta-3-carene found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Dye
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (59 ppm);found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Fruit
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Plant (110 ppm)
Toluene found in Plant
Energizer
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Plant (0.05 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Fruit
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (59 ppm);found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Caryophyllene-alcohol found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Cis-3-hexenol found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Ethyl-benzoate found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant
Hexanol found in Plant
Isovaleraldehyde found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Fruit (42 ppm)
Trans-2-hexenal found in Plant
Trans-anethole found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (59 ppm);found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Chavicol found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Cis-ocimene found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Fruit (42 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Fungistat
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Hemostat
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Hepatocarcinogenic
Methyl-chavicol found in Fruit (60 ppm);found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Histaminic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Fruit (55 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Plant (0.05 ppm)
Sodium found in Fruit (842 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Campesterol found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Copper found in Bud (10 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Manganese found in Bud (70 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Salicylates found in Fruit (55 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Hypothermic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (22500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Fruit (60 ppm);found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Copper found in Bud (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1235 ppm);found in Leaf (1399 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Fruit
Inotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Fruit (60 ppm);found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (59 ppm);found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (59 ppm);found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Plant
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (59 ppm);found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Fruit
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Cadmium found in Plant (0.05 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Fruit
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Fruit
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Plant (5 ppm)
Monoaminergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Motor-Stimulant
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Mutagenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (22500 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Narcotic
Acetone found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Chavicol found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Plant (0.05 ppm)
Mercury found in Plant (0.05 ppm)
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1235 ppm);found in Leaf (1399 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (51 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Paramecicide
Trans-2-hexenal found in Plant
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (405 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (59 ppm);found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-selinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (45 ppm);found in Fruit (315 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-phellandrene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Beta-selinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant
Isocaryophyllene found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Fruit (42 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (59 ppm);found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Aluminum found in Plant (110 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant
Chavicol found in Fruit (2400 ppm);found in Leaf
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (51 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Hexanol found in Plant
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Methyl-chavicol found in Fruit (60 ppm);found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Fruit (42 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Trans-2-hexenal found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (85 ppm);found in Leaf (95 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Propecic
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Prosticide
Trans-2-hexenal found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Bud (10 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Sweetener
Trans-anethole found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Teratogenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (1341 ppm);found in Leaf (760 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (51 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Toxic
Vanadium found in Plant (0.2 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (142 ppm);found in Leaf (51 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (87 ppm);found in Leaf (78 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Catechins found in Fruit
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (590 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Salicylates found in Fruit (55 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Plant (0.04 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8000 ppm);found in Leaf (11166 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (179000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1480 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11410 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Fruit
Vasorelaxant
Proanthocyanidins found in Fruit
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (792400 ppm);found in Fruit (36000 ppm);found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (543000 ppm)
Vibriocide
Cinnamaldehyde found in Plant
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (426 ppm);found in Leaf (2067 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Fruit (1260 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (20 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineol Leaf Essent. Oil
1,8-cineole Fruit 142
Leaf 51
1-octen-3-ole Fruit
10-(alpha)-cadinol Fruit 66 1,000
10-epi-(alpha)-cadinol Plant
10-epizonarene Plant
2-methyl-butanol Plant
2-methyl-butyl-acetate Fruit 3
3-octanon Fruit
4,8-epoxyterpinolene Plant
Acetone Plant
Allo-aromadendrene Leaf Essent. Oil
Fruit 204
Leaf 12
Alpha-cadinene Plant
Alpha-copaene Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-gurjunene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 5
Fruit 42
Alpha-humulene Leaf Essent. Oil
Fruit 405
Alpha-maaliene Plant
Alpha-muurolene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 45
Fruit 315
Alpha-p-dimethyl-styrene Fruit 15
Leaf 9
Alpha-palustrine Plant
Alpha-phellandrene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 59
Fruit 6
Alpha-pinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 20
Fruit 14
Alpha-santalene Plant
Alpha-selinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 45
Fruit 315
Alpha-terpinene Fruit 3
Leaf 11
Alpha-terpineol Plant
Alpha-thujene Fruit 14
Leaf 20
Aluminum Plant 110
Ar-curcumene Plant
Aromadendrene Plant
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 426
Leaf 2,012 2,067
Ash Leaf 76,000 89,000
Barium Plant 20
Beta-carotene Fruit 4
Leaf 103 120
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-copaene Plant
Beta-elemene Plant
Beta-humulene Fruit 405
Beta-phellandrene Fruit
Beta-pinene Plant
Beta-selinene Plant
Beta-sitosterol Fruit 570 590
Boron Fruit 9 25
Cadmium Plant 0.05
Calamenene Fruit 90
Calcium Fruit 7,224 8,000
Leaf 10,056 11,166
Calcium-oxalate Fruit
Campesterol Fruit 10
Carbohydrate Plant 749,000 757,000
Caryophyllene Fruit 1,341
Leaf 760
Caryophyllene-alcohol Plant
Caryophyllene-aldehyde Plant
Caryophyllene-oxide Plant
Catechins Fruit
Chavicol Fruit 1,400 2,400
Leaf
Chromium Plant 5
Cineole Plant 690
Cinnamaldehyde Plant
Cis-3-hexenol Plant
Cis-alpha-bergamotene Plant
Cis-beta-ocimene Leaf Essent. Oil
Cis-ocimene Plant
Cobalt Plant 0.05
Coniferaldehyde Fruit Essent. Oil
Leaf Essent. Oil
Copaene Fruit 15
Leaf 9
Copper Bud 5 10
Cubenene Plant
Cyclosativene Plant
Delta-3-carene Fruit 30
Delta-cadinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Fruit 51
Leaf 50
Delta-selinene Plant
Docosane Plant
Dodecane Plant
Eicosane Plant
Eo Fruit 20,000 50,000
Leaf 7,500 12,500
Epicubenol Plant
Epiglobulol Plant
Ethyl-benzoate Plant
Eugenol Leaf Essent. Oil 792,400
Fruit 3,500 36,000
Leaf 8,348 12,000
Flower Essent. Oil 543,000
Eugenol-methyl-ether Leaf Essent. Oil
Fruit 8,000 22,500
Fat Leaf 36,000 41,000
Fiber Leaf 175,000 179,000
Fluorine Plant 5
Fufurol Leaf
Furfuraldehyde Plant
Gamma-cadinene Fruit 51
Leaf 50
Gamma-terpinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 17
Fruit 35
Geranyl-acetate Plant
Globulol Fruit 33
Glycosides Fruit
Heptadecane Plant
Heptanal Plant
Hexadecane Plant
Hexanol Plant
Humulene-epoxide-i Plant
Humulene-epoxide-ii Plant
Intermediol Plant
Iron Fruit 60 85
Leaf 76 95
Isocaryophyllene Plant
Isoeugenol Leaf Essent. Oil
Plant
Isoquercitrin Fruit
Isovaleraldehyde Plant
Lead Plant 0.8
Ledene Fruit 237
Ledol Plant
Limonene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 15
Fruit 28
Linalool Leaf Essent. Oil
Fruit 42
Leaf 5
Magnesium Fruit 1,200 1,480
Malic-acid Fruit
Manganese Bud 29 70
Mercury Plant 0.05
Methyl-benzoate Plant
Methyl-chavicol Fruit 60
Leaf 3
Methyl-eugenol Fruit 1,500
Leaf 190
Myrcene Fruit 45
Leaf 20
Niacin Fruit 3.1
Leaf 1.4 1.8
Nonadecane Plant
Octadecane Plant
Octanol Plant
P-cymen-8-ol Fruit 18
Leaf 13
P-cymene Leaf Essent. Oil
Fruit 87
Leaf 78
Pentadecane Plant
Pentanol Plant
Phosphorus Fruit 1,100 1,235
Leaf 1,173 1,399
Phytosterol Fruit 610 665
Pimentol Fruit 800
Potassium Fruit 11,000 11,410
Proanthocyanidins Fruit
Protein Fruit 117,000 134,000
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-xyloside Fruit
Quercitrin Fruit
Riboflavin Fruit 0.7
Leaf 2.3 3.5
Sabinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Plant
Salicylates Fruit 5 55
Selenium Plant 0.04
Selina-3,11-diene Plant
Selina-4,11-diene Plant
Seline-4(14),11-diene Plant
Sodium Fruit 800 842
Spathulenol Fruit 60
Stigmasterol Fruit 30
Strontium Plant 20
T-muurolol Plant
Terpin-1-en-4-ol Leaf Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol Fruit 1,260
Terpinolene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 27
Fruit 42
Tetracosane Plant
Tetradecane Plant
Thiamin Fruit 1.1
Leaf 1.1 1.7
Toluene Plant
Trans-2-hexenal Plant
Trans-anethole Plant
Trans-beta-ocimene Leaf Essent. Oil
Trans-ocimene Fruit 35
Leaf 17
Trans-p-mentha-1(10),5,diene-2-ol Plant
Tricosane Plant
Tridecane Plant
Undecane Plant
Valeraldehyde Plant
Vanadium Plant 0.2
Zinc Fruit 11 20
Zonarene Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]