Picea mariana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black spruce bog spruce

Picea mariana is a species of spruce native to northern North America, from Newfoundland to Alaska, and south to Pennsylvania, Minnesota and central British Columbia, in the biome known as taiga or boreal forest.

Picea mariana

Medical use

Economic importance of Picea mariana

Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils wod
Social religious/secular

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Minnesota, Wisconsin

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Allelochemic
Terpinolene found in Twig (46 ppm)
Allergenic
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Analgesic
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Antiacetylcholinesterase
L-limonene found in Twig (150 ppm)
Antibacterial
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Terpinolene found in Twig (46 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Antiinflammatory
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Antimutagenic
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Twig (46 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Antioxidant
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Twig (46 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Antitumor
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Antiviral
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Chemopreventive
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Twig (46 ppm)
FLavor
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Twig (46 ppm)
Fungicide
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Twig (46 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Insectifuge
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Irritant
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Perfumery
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Twig (46 ppm)
Pesticide
Myrcene found in Twig (161 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Twig (46 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Betulin Bark
Leaf
Twig
D-delta-3-carene Twig 230
Dl-camphor Twig 46
Dl-limonene Twig 150
Eo Twig 4,610
L-alpha-pinene Twig 737
L-beta-pinene Twig 300
L-borneol Twig 46
L-bornyl-acetate Twig 1,705
L-camphene Twig 461
L-limonene Twig 150
Myrcene Twig 161
Santene Twig 115
Terpinolene Twig 46
Tricyclene Twig 46
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]