Physostigma venenosum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
calabar-bean ordeal-bean

Physostigma venenosum is the seed of a leguminous plant, a native of tropical Africa, poisonous to humans. It derives the first part of its scientific name from a curious beak-like appendage at the end of the stigma, in the centre of the flower; this appendage, though solid, was supposed to be hollow.

Physostigma venenosum

Medical use

Economic importance of Physostigma venenosum

Medicines source of physostigmine
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Physostigma venenosum Physostigma venenosum Physostigma venenosum Physostigma venenosum Physostigma venenosum Physostigma venenosum Physostigma venenosum Physostigma venenosum

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria ; Sierra Leone

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed (500000 ppm)
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anticholinesterase
Eseramine found in Seed
Eseridine found in Seed
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antidermatotic
Eseridine found in Seed
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antienterotic
Eseridine found in Seed
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antigastritic
Eseridine found in Seed
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antihepatotoxic
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed (500000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Cholinergic
Eseridine found in Seed
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Emollient
Starch found in Seed (500000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Myotic
Physovenine found in Seed
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Poultice
Starch found in Seed (500000 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Purgative
Eseridine found in Seed
Sedative
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Spinal-Stimulant
Calabarine found in Seed
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alkaloids Seed 3,000 5,000
Behenic-acid Seed
Beta-sitosterol Seed
Calabacine Seed
Calabarine Seed
Calabarol Seed
Calabatine Seed
Eseramine Seed
Eseranine Seed
Eseridine Seed
Eserine Seed
Geneserine Seed 1,000
Isophysostigmine Seed
Linoleic-acid Seed
N-8-norphysostigmine Seed
Oleic-acid Seed
Palmitic-acid Seed
Physosterine Seed 1,500
Physovenine Seed
Protein Seed 200,000 230,000
Starch Seed 480,000 500,000
Stearic-acid Seed
Stigmasterol Seed
Trifolianol Seed
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]