Pelargonium graveolens Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
rose geranium rose-scent geranium

The true Pelargonium graveolens is an uncommon species in the Pelargonium genus, which is native to South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique, while the plants cultivated under this name differ from the wild specimens and are of hybrid origin. Often called a geranium, as it falls within the plant family Geraniaceae, and was previously categorised under the same genus. The common P. 'Graveolens' or P. 'Rosat' has great importance in the perfume industry. It is cultivated on a large scale and its foliage is distilled for its scent. P. 'Graveolens' cultivars have a wide variety of smells, including rose, citrus, mint, coconut and nutmeg, as well as various fruits. However, the most commercially important varieties are those with rose scents.

Pelargonium graveolens

Economic importance of Pelargonium graveolens

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Pelargonium graveolens Pelargonium graveolens Pelargonium graveolens Pelargonium graveolens Pelargonium graveolens Pelargonium graveolens Pelargonium graveolens Pelargonium graveolens Pelargonium graveolens Pelargonium graveolens Pelargonium graveolens Pelargonium graveolens

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Cape Province, Transvaal

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil
Acaricide
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Addictive
Acetaldehyde found in Essential Oil
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Allergenic
Acetone found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Analgesic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Anesthetic
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
AntiEBV
Geranial found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
AntiHIV
Methanol found in Essential Oil
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Isomenthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Isopulegol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Geranial found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Essential Oil
Antiallergic
Citral found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Essential Oil
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Antibacillary
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Antibacillus
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geranial found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Neral found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Sabinene found in Essential Oil
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Antidandruff
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Antidote
Methanol found in Essential Oil
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Essential Oil
Antihalitosic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Essential Oil
Sabinene found in Essential Oil
Antiherpetic
Citral found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Antihistaminic
Citral found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Antilisteria
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Antimalarial
Humulene found in Essential Oil
Antimelanomic
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Antimutagenic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antioxidant
Citral found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Isomenthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Humulene found in Essential Oil
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Antipruritic
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antipyretic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Isomenthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Ar-curcumene found in Essential Oil
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Caprylic-acid found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Sabinene found in Essential Oil
Antishock
Citral found in Essential Oil
Antisinusitic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Neral found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antitartar
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Antitumor
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ar-curcumene found in Essential Oil
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Sabinene found in Essential Oil
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Ar-curcumene found in Essential Oil
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geranial found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Antivulvitic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Geranial found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Essential Oil
Bradycardic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Bronchomucolytic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Bronchomucotropic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Essential Oil
Bronchorrheic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Acetone found in Essential Oil
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Calcium-Antagonist
Citral found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caprylic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Citral found in Essential Oil
Carminative
Copaene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Essential Oil
Cerebrotoxic
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Citral found in Essential Oil
Geranial found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Choleretic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Ciliotoxic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Congestant
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Convulsant
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Culicide
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Cytotoxic
Citral found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Encephalopathic
Toluene found in Essential Oil
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Estrogenic
Citral found in Essential Oil
Geranial found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Cis-3-hexenol found in Essential Oil (1 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Citronellyl-acetate found in Essential Oil
Citronellyl-formate found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Dimethyl-sulfide found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Essential Oil
Hexyl-formate found in Essential Oil
Isopulegol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Methyl-butyrate found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Essential Oil
Fungicide
Acetaldehyde found in Essential Oil
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caprylic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geranial found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Essential Oil
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Gastrosedative
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Essential Oil
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Essential Oil
Geranial found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Hepatotoxic
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Hypertensive
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Hypotensive
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Essential Oil
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caprylic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Citronellyl-acetate found in Essential Oil
Dimethyl-sulfide found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Essential Oil
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Mutagenic
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Essential Oil
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Essential Oil
Narcotic
Acetone found in Essential Oil
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Neurodepressant
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Neuropathogenic
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Nociceptive
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Perfume
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Perfumery
Acetaldehyde found in Essential Oil
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Essential Oil
Isopulegol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Methyl-butyrate found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Essential Oil
Sabinene found in Essential Oil
Tiglic-acid found in Essential Oil
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Pesticide
Acetaldehyde found in Essential Oil
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caprylic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Geranial found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Neral found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Essential Oil
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Essential Oil
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Psychoactive
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
Refrigerant
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Respiraparalytic
Acetaldehyde found in Essential Oil
Rubefacient
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Essential Oil
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Spasmolytic
Geranial found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Essential Oil
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Teratogenic
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Essential Oil
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Neral found in Essential Oil (12 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (3 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Trichomonicide
Citral found in Essential Oil
Citronellol found in Plant (1176 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant (1400 ppm)
Menthone found in Essential Oil (38 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (2 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Trypanocide
Citral found in Essential Oil
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Acetaldehyde found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Ethanol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Essential Oil
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Vibriocide
Menthol found in Plant (1852 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (22 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,3-pentadiene Essential Oil
10-epi-gamma-eudesmol Essential Oil
11-norbourbonanone Essential Oil
11-selinen-4-alpha-ol Essential Oil
2-furfural Essential Oil
2-hexanone Essential Oil
2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol Essential Oil
2-methyl-3-butenal Plant
2-methyl-3-pentanone Essential Oil
2-methyl-butanal-trans-2-methyl-3-butenal Essential Oil
2-methyl-butanol Essential Oil
2-methyl-propanal Essential Oil
2-methylbutyl-formate Essential Oil
2-methylopropyl-formate Essential Oil
2-pentanone Essential Oil
2-propanol Essential Oil
3-hexen-1-ol Essential Oil
3-methyl-2-butanone Essential Oil
3-methyl-butanol Essential Oil
3-methyl-cyclo-pentanone Essential Oil
3-methylbutyl-formate Essential Oil
4-methyl-2-pentanone Essential Oil
6-oxo-6,7-dihydrocitronellic-acid Essential Oil
7-hydroxy-6,7-dihydrogeraniol Essential Oil
7-hydroxydihydrocitronellol Essential Oil
Acetaldehyde Essential Oil
Acetic-acid Essential Oil
Acetone Essential Oil
Alcohols Essential Oil
Alpha-bourbonene Essential Oil
Alpha-calacorene Essential Oil
Alpha-muurolene Essential Oil
Alpha-phellandrene Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene Essential Oil 1 3
Alpha-santalene Plant
Alpha-terpineol Essential Oil 4 22
Ar-curcumene Essential Oil
Beta-bisabolene Essential Oil
Beta-bourbonene Essential Oil
Beta-elemene Essential Oil
Beta-phellandrene Essential Oil
Beta-pinene Essential Oil
Bois-de-rose-oxide Essential Oil 1 2
Borneol Essential Oil
Butanal Essential Oil
Butane Essential Oil
Butanol Essential Oil
Calamenene Essential Oil
Caprylic-acid Essential Oil
Caryophyllene Essential Oil
Cis-3-hexenol Essential Oil 1
Cis-dehydrocitronellol Essential Oil
Cis-rose-oxide Essential Oil 1 2
Citral Essential Oil
Citronellal Essential Oil
Citronellol Plant 21 1,176
Citronellyl-acetate Essential Oil
Citronellyl-formate Essential Oil 1 2
Citronellyldiethylamine Essential Oil
Copaene Essential Oil
Decyl-aldehyde Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene Essential Oil
Dimethyl-sulfide Plant
Eo Plant 800 4,000
Epoxylinalol Essential Oil 1 4
Esters Essential Oil
Ethanol Essential Oil
Eugenol Essential Oil
Formic-acid Essential Oil
Furan Essential Oil
Furapelagone-a Essential Oil
Furapelagone-b Essential Oil
Gamma-cadinene Essential Oil
Gamma-muurolene Essential Oil
Geranial Essential Oil 2 12
Geraniol Plant 2 1,400
Geranyl-acetate Essential Oil
Geranyl-tiglate Essential Oil
Germacratriene Essential Oil
Guaia-6,9-diene Plant
Hexyl-formate Essential Oil
Humulene Essential Oil
Isoamyl-alcohol Essential Oil
Isomenthone Essential Oil 8 38
Isooctane Essential Oil
Isoprene Essential Oil
Isopropyl-formate Essential Oil
Isopulegol Essential Oil
Junenol Essential Oil
L-citronellol Essential Oil
Limonene Essential Oil 1 3
Linalol Plant 30 505
Menthol Plant 2 1,852
Menthone Essential Oil 8 38
Methanol Essential Oil
Methyl-butyrate Essential Oil
Methyl-formate Essential Oil
Methyl-heptenone Essential Oil 2 9
Methyl-hexyl-carbineol Essential Oil
Methyl-pentanol Essential Oil
Myrcene Essential Oil 1 2
Neoisomenthol Essential Oil
Neral Essential Oil 2 12
P-cymene Essential Oil 1 2
Pelargonic-acid Plant
Phenyl-ethyl-alcohol Plant 2 8
Propionic-acid Essential Oil
Propyl-formate Essential Oil
Sabinene Essential Oil
Selina-3,7(11)-diene Plant
Selina-4(14),7(11)-diene Essential Oil
Tiglic-acid Essential Oil
Toluene Essential Oil
Trans-dehydrocitronellol Essential Oil
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]