Pausinystalia johimbe Health effects and herbal facts

Pausinystalia johimbe, common name Yohimbe, is a plant species native to western and central Africa. The epithet "johimbe" is often misspelled "yohimbe" including by Beille in his 1906 recombination statement formally transferring the species from Corynanthe. Schumann's original 1901 description used the spelling "johimbe," and Beille clearly cited Schumann's name as basionym. Therefore "yohimbe" used as a formal specific epithet is a spelling error to be corrected per article 60.1 of the ICN. No such rules, of course, apply to common names. Pausinystalia johimbe a psychoactive plant that contains the MAOI alkaloid yohimbine. It is widely distributed over-the-counter as an herbal aphrodisiac. Yohimbine has been purported to be helpful for men with erectile dysfunction. This herbal medication can cause tachycardia and hypertension if improperly dosed and should generally only be used under the supervision of a practitioner knowledgeable in herbal medicine. In addition to yohimbine, Yohimbe also contains 55 other alkaloids. Yohimbine accounts for 1-20% of its total alkaloid content. Among the others is corynanthine, an alpha-1 adrenergic receptor blocker.

Pausinystalia johimbe

Medical use

Gallery

Pausinystalia johimbe Pausinystalia johimbe Pausinystalia johimbe Pausinystalia johimbe Pausinystalia johimbe

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon
    • West Tropical Africa: Nigeria

Biological activities

Adrenergic-Blocker
Corynanthine found in Bark
Dihydrocorynantheine found in Bark
Yohimbine found in Bark
Adrenolytic
Ajmaline found in Bark
Yohimbine found in Bark
Allergenic
Ajmaline found in Bark
Anesthetic
Corynanthine found in Bark
Yohimbine found in Bark
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Bark
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Yohimbine found in Bark
Antianginal
Yohimbine found in Bark
Antiarrhythmic
Ajmaline found in Bark
Dihydrocorynantheine found in Bark
Antiatherosclerotic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Antibacterial
Tannin found in Bark
Anticancer
Tannin found in Bark
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Bark
Antidepressant
Yohimbine found in Bark
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark
Antidiuretic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Antidopaminergic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Antidote
Yohimbine found in Bark
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Bark
Antihypertensive
Ajmaline found in Bark
Dihydrocorynantheine found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Yohimbine found in Bark
Antihypertonic
Ajmaline found in Bark
Antiketaminic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark
Antimalarial
Alpha-yohimbine found in Plant
Corynantheine found in Bark
Corynanthine found in Bark
Dihydrocorynantheine found in Bark
Antimutagenic
Tannin found in Bark
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Bark
Antioxidant
Tannin found in Bark
Antiparaesthesic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Antiplasmodial
Alpha-yohimbine found in Plant
Corynantheine found in Bark
Corynanthine found in Bark
Dihydrocorynantheine found in Bark
Antiradicular
Tannin found in Bark
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark
Antiserotonin
Yohimbine found in Bark
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Bark
Antitumor
Tannin found in Bark
Antiulcer
Tannin found in Bark
Antiviral
Tannin found in Bark
Anxiogenic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Aphrodisiac
Corynantheine found in Bark
Corynanthine found in Bark
Yohimbine found in Bark
Bradycardic
Corynantheine found in Bark
Corynanthine found in Bark
CNS-Depressant
Yohimbine found in Bark
CNS-Stimulant
Yohimbine found in Bark
Calcium-Antagonist
Ajmaline found in Bark
Yohimbine found in Bark
Cancer-Preventive
Tannin found in Bark
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Bark
Cardiodepressant
Ajmaline found in Bark
Cardiotonic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Cardiotoxic
Ajmaline found in Bark
Cardiovascular
Yohimbine found in Bark
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark
Cholinergic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Convulsant
Ajmaline found in Bark
Coronary-Dilator
Ajmaline found in Bark
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark
Emetic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark
Hepatoprotective
Tannin found in Bark
Hypertensive
Yohimbine found in Bark
Hypotensive
Ajmaline found in Bark
Corynantheine found in Bark
Corynanthine found in Bark
Dihydrocorynantheine found in Bark
Quebrachine found in Bark
Hypothermic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark
Yohimbine found in Bark
MDR-Inhibitor
Yohimbine found in Bark
Mydriatic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Myocardiodepressant
Ajmaline found in Bark
Neurotoxic
Ajmaline found in Bark
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark
Peristaltic
Ajmaline found in Bark
Pesticide
Tannin found in Bark
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark
Respirastimulant
Ajmaline found in Bark
Quebrachine found in Bark
Respirodepressant
Yohimbine found in Bark
Respirostimulant
Yohimbine found in Bark
Rhinorreic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Sedative
Corynantheine found in Bark
Sialogogue
Yohimbine found in Bark
Sympatholytic
Corynantheine found in Bark
Corynanthine found in Bark
Tranquilizer
Ajmaline found in Bark
Corynantheine found in Bark
Tremorigenic
Yohimbine found in Bark
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]