Pastinaca sativa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
parsnip wild parsnip
Pastinaca sativa

Medical use

Economic importance of Pastinaca sativa

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa Pastinaca sativa

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
    Naturalized
    • Western Asia: Lebanon
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine - Krym
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Delaware, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (685 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root
Myrcene found in Root
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Root
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Root
Acaricide
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root
Limonene found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Root (205 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Myrcene found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Allelochemic
Limonene found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil (666000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Allelopathic
Camphene found in Root
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root
Limonene found in Root
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Amphetaminagenic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Root (25 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Anesthetic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Root (0.01 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (2300 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root
Limonene found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (2300 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Root
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (112 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (29 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (12 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Iron found in Root (112 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiapertif
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiappetant
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Copper found in Root (12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (29 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Root
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
Myrcene found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Sabinene found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
Rutin found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (112 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (29 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Iron found in Root (112 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (29 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Copper found in Root (12 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (2300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Root
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Copper found in Root (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (29 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antifeedant
Gamma-terpinene found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil (666000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiflu
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Limonene found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Root
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Xanthotoxol found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (29 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Root
Copper found in Root (12 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Antijet-lag
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antileucodermic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukodermic
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipogenic
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Limonene found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Iron found in Root (112 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antimitotic
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Xanthotoxol found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antimutagenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Root (7.3 ppm)
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
Myrcene found in Root
N-nonacosane found in Seed
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antimycotic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antinicotinic
Xanthotoxol found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Myrcene found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil (666000 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (12 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Limonene found in Root
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Boron found in Root (25 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Boron found in Root (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Copper found in Root (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (7365 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (50 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Camphene found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil (666000 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Root (2300 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Plant
Antipruritic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antipsoriac
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Root (7.3 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Root
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Root
Antiscleromyxoedemic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Root (205 ppm)
Sabinene found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (35 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Root
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Plant
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antitubercular
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Isoimperatorin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antitumor
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Root (7.3 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Sabinene found in Root
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (35 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Plant
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Antiviral
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Root
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antivitiligic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Root (7.3 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (7365 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Artemicide
Isoimperatorin found in Seed
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Bacteriophagicide
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Bacteristat
N-hexacosane found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Root
Bufocide
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (205 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Isoimperatorin found in Seed
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Root (7.3 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (29 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Xanthotoxol found in Plant
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (35 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Candidistat
Limonene found in Root
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Copper found in Root (12 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (50 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Root
Myrcene found in Root
Rutin found in Plant
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Root
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Clastogenic
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (12 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (685 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Isoimperatorin found in Seed
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Xanthotoxol found in Plant
DME-Inhibitor
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Isoimperatorin found in Seed
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil (666000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Limonene found in Root
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (35 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Root
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root
Estrogenic
Boron found in Root (25 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Expectorant
Beta-phellandrene found in Root
Camphene found in Root
Limonene found in Root
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Camphene found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root
Limonene found in Root
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (685 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil (666000 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Root (205 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Fungicide
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Root (7.3 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Beta-phellandrene found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Myrcene found in Root
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil (666000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Root
Fungistat
Limonene found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Root
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Genotoxic
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hallucinogenic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (205 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Herbicide
Beta-pinene found in Root
Limonene found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Root (0.4 ppm)
Sodium found in Root (575 ppm)
Hypertrichotic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Hypnotic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Copper found in Root (12 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Root (685 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (33 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Root
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Copper found in Root (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (7365 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide-Synergist
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Camphene found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root
Limonene found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Rutin found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Root
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root
Limonene found in Root
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Root (205 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Larvicide
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Lipolytic
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Limonene found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Cadmium found in Root (0.4 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (685 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-B-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Melaninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Root (7.3 ppm)
Melatoninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Root (7.3 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Molluscicide
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Mutagenic
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Limonene found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root
Rutin found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Root
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Nematicide
Limonene found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Root (0.4 ppm)
Mercury found in Root (0.002 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (7365 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Plant
Oxytocic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Root
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Myrcene found in Root
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Rutin found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Beta-bisabolene found in Root
Beta-phellandrene found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root
Mufa found in Root (5470 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root (685 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil (666000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Root
Pesticide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Aluminum found in Root (35 ppm)
Arsenic found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Root
Camphene found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root
Isoimperatorin found in Seed
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Root
Myrcene found in Root
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
N-hexacosane found in Seed
Oxalic-acid found in Root (205 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil (666000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11.4 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Photoactive
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Photocarcinogenic
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Photodermatitigenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Root (7.3 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Root
Phototoxic
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Sphondin found in Root
Phytoalexin
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Piscicide
Bergapten found in Root (3800 ppm);found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (1000 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Iron found in Root (112 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Seed (36330 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (158000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (685 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Seed
Rutin found in Plant
Psychoactive
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (205 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Root (11050 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (12 ppm)
Sedative
Angelicin found in Root (34 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Root (1700 ppm)
Limonene found in Root
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root
Serotoninergic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root (1730 ppm);found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-terpinene found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Camphene found in Root
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Root
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root (685 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tachycardic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Psoralen found in Root (10.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Transdermal
Beta-pinene found in Root
Limonene found in Root
Trichomonicide
P-cymene found in Root
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (1 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Uterotonic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (662000 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Seed
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Root (205 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (145 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3525 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (97700 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (34 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (830 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (70 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Folacin found in Root (3.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
5-alpha-androst-16-en-3-one Root
5-methoxy-psoralen Root 7.3
Alpha-linolenic-acid Root 30 145
Alpha-phellandrene Root
Alpha-terpinene Root
Alpha-thujene Root
Aluminum Root 1 35
Angelicin Root 34
Apterin Root
Arsenic Root 0.01
Ascorbic-acid Root 160 830
Ash Root 9,800 90,000
Seed 12,000
Bergapten Root 3.2 3,800
Seed
Beta-bisabolene Root
Beta-carotene Root 0.2 1
Beta-phellandrene Root
Beta-pinene Root
Beta-trans-farnesene Root
Boron Root 4 25
Bromine Root
Cadmium Root 0.01 0.4
Calcium Root 315 3,525
Camphene Root
Carbohydrates Root 17,500 902,000
Chromium Root 0.01 0.1
Cis-allo-ocimene Root
Cis-beta-ocimene Root
Cobalt Root
Copper Root 0.8 12
Fat Root 3,000 24,000
Seed 173,000 288,000
Fiber Root 15,000 97,700
Fluorine Root 0.1
Folacin Root 0.6 3.6
Gamma-terpinene Root
Imperatorin Leaf
Seed
Root 1,700
Iron Root 4 112
Isobergapten Plant
Isoimperatorin Seed
Isopimpinellin Seed
Isorhamnetin Leaf
Isorhamnetin-3-glucoside-4-rhamnoside Plant
Kaempferol Seed
Kilocaloriess Root 650 3,664
Lead Root 0.01 0.1
Limonene Root
Linoleic-acid Root 410 2,000
Seed 36,330
Magnesium Root 230 2,100
Manganese Root 2 33
Mercury Root 0.001 0.002
Molybdenum Root 0.1 0.5
Mufa Root 1,120 5,470
Myrcene Root
Myristic-acid Root 30 145
Myristicin Root Essent. Oil 183,000 662,000
N-heptacosane Seed
N-hexacosane Seed
N-nonacosane Seed
N-nonadecane Seed
N-octacosane Seed
N-octadecane Seed
N-octyl-alcohol Seed
N-triacontane Seed
Niacin Root 2 34
Nickel Root 0.04 1.6
Nitrogen Root 3,000 33,160
Octyl-butyrate Plant
Octyl-propionate Plant
Oleic-acid Seed 1,020 158,000
Oxalic-acid Root 205
P-cymene Root
Palmitic-acid Root 300 1,730
Seed 1,730 2,880
Palmitoleic-acid Root 30 145
Pantothenic-acid Root 6 29
Pastinacin Seed
Petroselindiolein Seed
Petroselinic-acid Seed 79,580 132,500
Petroselinolein Seed
Phosphorus Root 400 7,365
Pimpinellin Plant
Potassium Root 3,300 40,000
Protein Root 12,000 85,000
Seed 150,000 155,000
Psoralen Root 7.1 10.5
Pufa Root 470 2,300
Pyruvic-carboxylase Root
Quercetin Leaf
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-rhamnoglucoside Leaf
Riboflavin Root 0.5 4
Rubidium Root 0.6 10
Rutin Plant
Sabinene Root
Selinium Root 0.001 0.002
Sfa Root 500 2,445
Silicon Root 2 50
Sodium Root 100 575
Sphondin Root
Stearic-acid Root 140 685
Suberin Root
Sulfur Root 270 11,050
Terpinolene Root Essent. Oil 253,000 666,000
Thiamin Root 0.8 11.4
Trans-beta-ocimene Root
Tripetroselinene Seed
Umbelliferone Plant
Vit-b-6 Root 0.9 4.4
Water Root 724,000 810,000
Root 724,000 812,000
Xanthotoxin Leaf 800
Root 26 1,000
Xanthotoxol Plant
Zinc Root 5 70
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]