Parthenium integrifolium Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American feverfew Missouri snakeroot prairie-dock wild quinine

Parthenium integrifolium is a species of flowering plant in the aster family known by the common names wild quinine, American feverfew, and eastern feverfew. It is native to the eastern United States. This plant is a perennial herb growing 30 to 60 centimeters tall, but known to exceed one meter at times. The glandular leaves are oval to lance-shaped and variable in size. They have serrated, toothed, or lobed edges. The inflorescence is an array of several flower heads containing whitish disc flowers and 5 to 6 ray flowers. The "flowers have a pleasant but mild medicinal fragrance." This plant grows in disturbed areas as well as prairies, woods, and hillsides. It tolerates hot and cold climates and can be used as a garden plant in many areas. The leaves of the plant contain tannins and the plant was used for medicinal and veterinary purposes by Native Americans. The Catawba people used it as a poultice to treat burns. The ashes were applied to horses with "sore backs". The roots were made into a tea to treat dysentery.

Parthenium integrifolium

Medical use

Economic importance of Parthenium integrifolium

Medicines folklore

Gallery

Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas , Minnesota , Missouri, Oklahoma , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (120000 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Rhamnocitrin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Anorexic
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
AntiHIV
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (6 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root
Antianemic
Iron found in Root (6 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Root
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Rhamnocitrin found in Leaf
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (6 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Rhamnocitrin found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antileukemic
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antimelanomic
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (6 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (120000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (600 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Rhamnocitrin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Rhamnocitrin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Rhamnocitrin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (600 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (2 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (120000 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root
Expectorant
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Fungicide
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Root
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (200 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Root
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (600 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (600 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Rhamnocitrin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (120000 ppm)
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Probiotic
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Root (150000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Iron found in Root (6 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Root
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (42 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root
Potassium found in Root (10200 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (3.7 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3,3',7-tri-o-methyl-quercetagetin Leaf
5-hydroxy-3,3',4',7-tetramethoxy-flavone Leaf
6-hydroxy-kumatakenin Leaf
Ascorbic-acid Root
Ash Root 11,040 69,000
Beta-carotene Root 7 42
Calcium Root 1,424 8,900
Chromium Root 0.5 3.2
Cobalt Root
Dihydroxynardol-cinnamate Root
Echinadiol-cinnamate Root
Echinaxanthol-cinnamate Root
Epoxyechinadiol-cinnamate Root
Fat Root 3,200 20,000
Fiber(crude) Root 105,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 330,000
Gum Root 14,400 90,000
Inulin Root 24,000 150,000
Iron Root 1 6
Isokaempferide Leaf
Magnesium Root 320 2,000
Manganese Root 0.2 1
Niacin Root
Phosphorus Root 96 600
Potassium Root 1,632 10,200
Protein Root 12,800 80,000
Rhamnocitrin Leaf
Riboflavin Root 0.3 2
Rubber Plant 10,500
Selenium Root 0.4 2.5
Silicon Root
Sodium Root 32 200
Starch Root 19,200 120,000
Tetraneurin-c Plant
Tetraneurin-e Plant
Thiamine Root 0.3 2
Water Root 840,000
Zinc Root 0.6 3.7
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]