Parthenium hysterophorus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bitterweed carrot-grass false ragweed feverfew parthenium-weed ragweed parthenium Santa Maria Santa Maria feverfew whitetop

Parthenium hysterophorus is a species of flowering plant in the aster family, Asteraceae, that is native to the American tropics. Common names include Santa Maria Feverfew and Whitetop Weed. It is a common invasive species in India, Australia, and parts of Africa. P. hysterophorus invades all disturbed land, including farms pastures, and roadsides. In some areas, outbreaks have been of almost epidemic proportions, affecting crop production, livestock and human health. In India, it is locally known as Congress Grass or Gajar Ghans. It was first present as a contaminant in imported wheat. It can trigger allergies and is a common cause of pollen allergy.

Parthenium hysterophorus

Medical use

Economic importance of Parthenium hysterophorus

Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Parthenium hysterophorus Parthenium hysterophorus Parthenium hysterophorus Parthenium hysterophorus Parthenium hysterophorus Parthenium hysterophorus Parthenium hysterophorus Parthenium hysterophorus

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan

Biological activities

Adrenergic-Blocker
Parthenin found in Plant
Allelopathic
Parthenin found in Plant
Allergenic
Ambrosin found in Plant
Parthenin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Leaf
Antidermatotic
Parthenin found in Plant
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Leaf
Parthenin found in Plant
Antiflu
Betulin found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Betulin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Ambrosin found in Plant
Betulin found in Leaf
Parthenin found in Plant
Antiviral
Betulin found in Leaf
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Parthenin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Ambrosin found in Plant
Betulin found in Leaf
Parthenin found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Leaf
Pesticide
Ambrosin found in Plant
Parthenin found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Leaf
Schistosomicide
Ambrosin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
11-hydroxyguaiene Plant
Alkaloid Plant
Ambrosin Plant
Betulin Leaf
Dihydroisoparthenin Plant
Isoguaiene Plant
Parthenicin Plant
Parthenin Plant
Quercetagetin-3,7-dimethyl-ether Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]