Papaver bracteatum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
great scarlet poppy scarlet poppy

Papaver bracteatum, also known as the Iranian poppy and Persian Poppy is a sturdy hardy perennial poppy with large deep red flowers up to 8 inches diameter on stiff stalks up to 4 feet high with a prominent black spot near the base of the petals. It is related to the commonly cultivated oriental poppy, Papaver orientale. Non-horticultural use of this species is for the production of thebaine, which is commercially converted to codeine and semi-synthetic opiates. Papaver bracteatum does not contain morphine, codeine or any other narcotic alkaloids in significant amounts. Oripavine was reported in minute traces but would not exert a relevant activity. United States domestic cultivation of P. bracteatum was proposed by president Richard Nixon's Office of Management and Budget in the early 1970s as an alternative to Turkish opium poppies, which the administration was attempting to eliminate. This was because P. bracteatum does not contain morphine, which is converted to heroin, but is high in thebaine for legal codeine production, which was in crisis at the time because of the dwindling Turkish supply.

Papaver bracteatum

Economic importance of Papaver bracteatum

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Papaver bracteatum Papaver bracteatum Papaver bracteatum Papaver bracteatum Papaver bracteatum Papaver bracteatum Papaver bracteatum Papaver bracteatum Papaver bracteatum

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran
    • Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Abortifacient
Protopine found in Plant
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Seed (4950 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Protopine found in Plant
Allergenic
Morphine found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Amphicholeretic
Protopine found in Plant
Analgesic
Codeine found in Plant
Morphine found in Plant
Oripavine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Tetrahydropalmatine found in Plant
Thebaine found in Root (13000 ppm);found in Shoot (1606 ppm);found in Stem (2200 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Anesthetic
Codeine found in Plant
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Plant (8150 ppm)
AntiHIV
Papaverine found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (9350 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Protopine found in Plant
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (9350 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (8150 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Antianginal
Papaverine found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Protopine found in Plant
Tetrahydropalmatine found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Papaverine found in Plant
Antibacterial
Protopine found in Plant
Antibradykinic
Morphine found in Plant
Anticataract
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Papaverine found in Plant
Anticholinergic
Papaverine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Anticoryzic
Codeine found in Plant
Antidepressant
Phenylalanine found in Plant (8150 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Codeine found in Plant
Antidiuretic
Morphine found in Plant
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Antiedemic
Papaverine found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (21650 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (9350 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (13550 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (8100 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (43200 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Antigastritic
Glycine found in Seed (9350 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Morphine found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (21650 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Lysine found in Seed (8150 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Seed (4950 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (43200 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed (21650 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (21650 ppm)
Papaverine found in Plant
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Seed (21650 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Coptisine found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Protopine found in Plant
Antiischemic
Papaverine found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Antilithic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (43200 ppm)
Antimeasles
Papaverine found in Plant
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Antimigraine
Papaverine found in Plant
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (20350 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Seed (8650 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Plant (8150 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (8100 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (8300 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Morphine found in Plant
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Seed (8100 ppm)
Antipolio
Thebaine found in Root (13000 ppm);found in Shoot (1606 ppm);found in Stem (2200 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (43200 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (9350 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Seed (9350 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Papaverine found in Plant
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (43200 ppm)
Antiseptic
Protopine found in Plant
Antisickling
Glycine found in Seed (9350 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Plant (8150 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Tetrahydropalmatine found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Codeine found in Plant
Morphine found in Plant
Papaverine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Antispermigenic
Protopine found in Plant
Antitetanic
Morphine found in Plant
Antitumor
Coptisine found in Plant
Antitussive
Codeine found in Plant
Morphine found in Plant
Papaverine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Antiulcer
Glycine found in Seed (9350 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (7800 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (8100 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Antiviral
Codeine found in Plant
Papaverine found in Plant
Thebaine found in Root (13000 ppm);found in Shoot (1606 ppm);found in Stem (2200 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Plant (8150 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (43200 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (21650 ppm)
Arteriodilator
0-methylcorypalline found in Plant
Papaverine found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Thebaine found in Root (13000 ppm);found in Shoot (1606 ppm);found in Stem (2200 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Papaverine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Tetrahydropalmatine found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Seed (8650 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (9350 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Serine found in Seed (8850 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (8100 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Morphine found in Plant
Papaverine found in Plant
Catatonic
Morphine found in Plant
Papaverine found in Plant
Cerebrovasodilator
Papaverine found in Plant
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Convulsant
Morphine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Thebaine found in Root (13000 ppm);found in Shoot (1606 ppm);found in Stem (2200 ppm)
Coronary
0-methylcorypalline found in Plant
Corticogenic
Oripavine found in Plant
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Morphine found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed (21650 ppm)
Emetic
Codeine found in Plant
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (8300 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (13550 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (8150 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (7800 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Euphoric
Morphine found in Plant
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (7800 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Gastrosedative
Morphine found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Hypertensive
Protopine found in Plant
Hypnotic
Tetrahydropalmatine found in Plant
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (21650 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (8150 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Hypotensive
Protopine found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Plant (8150 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (8100 ppm)
Myocontractant
Coptisine found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Papaverine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (21650 ppm)
Narcotic
Codeine found in Plant
Morphine found in Plant
Thebaine found in Root (13000 ppm);found in Shoot (1606 ppm);found in Stem (2200 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (20350 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed (9350 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (43200 ppm)
Morphine found in Plant
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed (8650 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Pesticide
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Protopine found in Plant
Thebaine found in Root (13000 ppm);found in Shoot (1606 ppm);found in Stem (2200 ppm)
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Papaverine found in Plant
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (21650 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (383520 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (44160 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Respirasedative
Codeine found in Plant
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Papaverine found in Plant
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (20350 ppm)
Sedative
Codeine found in Plant
Morphine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant
Tetrahydropalmatine found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (37920 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Protopine found in Plant
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (21650 ppm)
Spinodepressant
Codeine found in Plant
Stimulant
Morphine found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Tetrahydropalmatine found in Plant
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Plant (8150 ppm)
Uricosuric
Glycine found in Seed (9350 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (5050 ppm)
Uterosedative
Papaverine found in Plant
Uterotonic
Protopine found in Plant
Vasodilator
0-methylcorypalline found in Plant
Arginine found in Seed (21650 ppm)
Papaverine found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Papaverine found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-nuciferine Plant
0-methylcorypalline Plant
14beta-hydroxycodeine Plant
14beta-hydroxycodeinone Plant
Acetylornithine Plant
Alanine Seed 7,000 8,650
Alpigenine Plant
Arginine Seed 18,300 21,650
Aspartic-acid Seed 17,000 20,350
Bractamine Plant
Bractavine Plant
Bracteine Plant
Bracteoline Plant
Codeine Plant
Coptisine Plant
Corypalline Plant
Cystine Seed 4,150 4,950
Fat Seed 450,000 480,000
Glutamic-acid Seed 37,600 43,200
Glycine Seed 7,750 9,350
Histidine Seed 4,350 4,650
Isoleucine Seed 6,900 8,300
Isothebaine Plant
Leucine Seed 11,500 13,550
Linoleic-acid Seed 358,650 383,520
Lysine Seed 7,200 8,150
Methionine Seed 4,500 5,050
Morphine Plant
N-methylcorydaldine Plant
Oleic-acid Seed 38,700 44,160
Oreophiline Plant
Orientalinone Plant
Oripavine Plant
Oxysanguinarine Plant
Palmitic-acid Seed 34,650 37,920
Papaverine Plant
Papaverrubines Plant
Phenylalanine Plant 6,600 8,150
Proline Seed 6,800 8,400
Protopine Plant
Salutaridine Plant
Serine Seed 7,400 8,850
Stearic-acid Seed 9,900 12,000
Tetrahydropalmatine Plant
Thebaine Root 5,000 13,000
Shoot 233 1,606
Stem 900 2,200
Threonine Seed 6,350 7,800
Tyrosine Seed 6,700 8,100
Valine Seed 8,450 10,600
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]