Panicum maximum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
green panic grass Guinea grass
Panicum maximum

Medical use

Economic importance of Panicum maximum

Animal food foder forage
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    Cultivated
    • China: China - Guangdong
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Taiwan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia , Western Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    • Mexico
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Cuba; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Puerto Rico
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana
    • Brazil: Brazil - Amazonas, Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador - Galapagos Islands; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay

Biological activities

5-HETE-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Leaf (0.31 ppm)
Allergenic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Analgesic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
AntiMD
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiacne
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiaging
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (525 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (525 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Hcn found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antibacterial
Chlorine found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Iodine found in Leaf (0.31 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Anticancer
Phytic-acid found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (525 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Anticataract
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (525 ppm)
Antichorea
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antichoreic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antidementia
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antidote
Hcn found in Leaf
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antiepitheleomic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antifatigue
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antiglycosation
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Leaf (0.31 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Chlorine found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antiischemic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antileukemic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antilupus
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (525 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antimyoclonic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antineuritic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Antioxidant
Phytic-acid found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiradicular
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Antisenility
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiseptic
Chlorine found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Iodine found in Leaf (0.31 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Antisickling
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antisterility
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antisunburn
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antithalassemic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antithrombotic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antithromboxane-B2
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Leaf (0.31 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Antitoxemic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antitumor
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antitussive
Hcn found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antiviral
Chlorine found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Iodine found in Leaf (0.31 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Apoptotic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Candidicide
Chlorine found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Cerebroprotective
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Circulatory-Stimulant
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Circulotonic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Leaf (0.31 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Fungicide
Chlorine found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Iodine found in Leaf (0.31 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Plant
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Leaf (0.31 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (4100 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Leaf (0.31 ppm)
Hypocalcemic
Phytic-acid found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Phytic-acid found in Plant
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Insecticide
Hcn found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Pesticide
Chlorine found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Hcn found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Leaf (525 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Leaf (0.31 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Leaf
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Leaf
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Leaf (0.31 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Leaf (20900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (421000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (29200 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ash Leaf 7,100 160,000
Calcium Leaf 7,100 20,900
Carbohydrates Leaf 672,000 827,000
Carotene Leaf 242 392
Chlorine Leaf 5,600
Fat Leaf 7,000 32,000
Fiber Leaf 241,000 421,000
Hcn Leaf
Iodine Leaf 0.12 0.31
Iron Leaf 525
Magnesium Leaf 4,500
Oxalates Leaf 15,000
Phosphorus Leaf 5,600
Phytic-acid Plant
Potassium Leaf 5,900 29,200
Protein Leaf 48,000 119,000
Sodium Leaf 4,100
Sulfur Leaf 1,800
Tocopherol Leaf 230 345
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]