Paeonia officinalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
common peony cottage peony European peony garden peony piney

Paeonia officinalis is a species of flowering plant in the family Paeoniaceae, native to Europe. It is an herbaceous perennial growing to 60–70 cm tall and wide, with leaves divided into 9 leaflets, and bowl-shaped deep pink or deep red flowers, 10–13 cm in diameter, in late spring. Cultivated in Europe for five hundred years, P. officinalis was first used for medicinal purposes, then grown as an ornamental. Many selections are now used in horticulture, though the typical species is uncommon. Paeonia officinalis is still found wild in Europe. The cultivar 'Rubra Plena' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Paeonia officinalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Paeonia officinalis

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis Paeonia officinalis

Geografical distribution

  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Hungary ; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Italy; Montenegro; Romania ; Serbia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Abortifacient
Peregrinine found in Seed
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (200000 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root (50000 ppm)
Adaptogenic
Paeonol found in Root
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Allergenic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Analgesic
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Paeonol found in Root
Anesthetic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Root
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Paeonol found in Root
Antialcoholic
Glutamine found in Root
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Seed
Antiatherosclerotic
Paeonol found in Root
Antibacterial
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Paeonol found in Root
Pectin found in Seed
Tannin found in Root
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Root
Anticoagulant
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Antidepressant
Glutamine found in Root
Antidiabetic
Pectin found in Seed
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Seed
Tannin found in Root
Antidiuretic
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Root
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Root (50000 ppm)
Paeonol found in Root
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Root
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Seed
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antigallstone
Pectin found in Seed
Antigastric
Paeonol found in Root
Antigastritic
Pectin found in Seed
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Root (50000 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antiherpetic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Root
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Paeonol found in Root
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Root (50000 ppm)
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root
Antilithic
Pectin found in Seed
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Seed
Antimutagenic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Paeonol found in Root
Pectin found in Seed
Tannin found in Root
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Root
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (200000 ppm)
Antiobesity
Pectin found in Seed
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Root
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Antioxidant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antioxytocic
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antipolio
Cyanin found in Flower
Antipyretic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Paeonol found in Root
Antiradicular
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root
Antisalmonella
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Antiseptic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antisickling
Glutamine found in Root
Antispasmodic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeonol found in Root
Antistress
Paeonol found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Antitumor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Antitussive
Pectin found in Seed
Antiulcer
Glutamine found in Root
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Pectin found in Seed
Tannin found in Root
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root (50000 ppm)
Antivasculitic
Paeonol found in Root
Antiviral
Cyanin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Root
Apoptotic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Paeoniflorin found in Root
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Kaempferol found in Flower
Pectin found in Seed
Tannin found in Root
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Catabolic
Glutamine found in Root
Chelator
Tannin found in Root
Chemopreventive
Pectin found in Seed
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Flower
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Flower
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Demulcent
Pectin found in Seed
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Root
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeonol found in Root
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Root
Cyanin found in Flower
Emollient
Starch found in Root (200000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Expectorant
Benzoic-acid found in Root
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Fungicide
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeonol found in Root
Pectin found in Seed
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Hemostat
Paeonol found in Root
Pectin found in Seed
Peregrinine found in Seed
Hepatoprotective
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root (50000 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Pectin found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Pectin found in Seed
Hypotensive
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Hypothermic
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Paeonol found in Root
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Immunomodulator
Paeonol found in Root
Immunostimulant
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Root
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Root
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Insectifuge
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Laxative
Calcium-oxalate found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Lithogenic
Calcium-oxalate found in Root
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root (50000 ppm)
Musculotropic
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Myorelaxant
Paeoniflorin found in Root
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Root
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Flower
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Seed
Pesticide
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Cyanin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeonol found in Root
Pectin found in Seed
Tannin found in Root
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Pigment
Cyanin found in Flower
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Root
Poultice
Starch found in Root (200000 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Flower
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Flower
Sedative
Paeonol found in Root
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Root
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Flower
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Uterosedative
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Uterotonic
Peregrinine found in Seed
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Root
Kaempferol found in Flower
Paeoniflorin found in Root
Vulnerary
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Sucrose found in Root (140000 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Arabinic-acid Seed
Arginine Root
Benzoic-acid Root
Calcium-oxalate Root
Cyanin Flower
Eo Root 4,000
Fat Seed 236,100
Gallotannins Flower
Glucopaeonol Root
Glucose Root 40,000 50,000
Glutamine Root
Kaempferol Flower
Metarabinic-acid Root 20,000
Paeonibrown Seed 40,000
Paeoniflorin Root
Paeonifluoreszin Root
Paeonin Flower
Paeonol Root
Pectin Seed
Peoniide Root
Peregrinine Seed
Protein Seed 110,000
Resinic-acid Seed 11,300
Starch Root 140,000 200,000
Sucrose Root 80,000 140,000
Sugar Seed 14,000
Tannin Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]