Paeonia officinalis Health effects and herbal facts
Paeonia officinalis is a species of flowering plant in the family Paeoniaceae, native to Europe. It is an herbaceous perennial growing to 60–70 cm tall and wide, with leaves divided into 9 leaflets, and bowl-shaped deep pink or deep red flowers, 10–13 cm in diameter, in late spring. Cultivated in Europe for five hundred years, P. officinalis was first used for medicinal purposes, then grown as an ornamental. Many selections are now used in horticulture, though the typical species is uncommon. Paeonia officinalis is still found wild in Europe. The cultivar 'Rubra Plena' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
Economic importance of Paeonia officinalis
- Middle Europe: Hungary ; Switzerland
- Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Italy; Montenegro; Romania ; Serbia
- Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain
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