Olea europaea subsp. europaea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
African olive brown olive olive oliveleaf small-fruit olive wild olive
Olea europaea subsp. europaea

Economic importance of Olea europaea subsp. europaea

Medicines folklore

Gallery

Olea europaea subsp. europaea Olea europaea subsp. europaea Olea europaea subsp. europaea Olea europaea subsp. europaea Olea europaea subsp. europaea Olea europaea subsp. europaea Olea europaea subsp. europaea Olea europaea subsp. europaea Olea europaea subsp. europaea Olea europaea subsp. europaea Olea europaea subsp. europaea

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Turkey
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Former Yugoslavia; Greece ; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (52470 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (5600 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Pericarp
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Stem
Esculetin found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
ACE-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Oleoside found in Leaf
Oleuropein found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Stem
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Stem
Aesculin found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Allelochemic
Catechin found in Fruit
Catechol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Allelopathic
O-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Syringic-acid found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Allergenic
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechol found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Analgesic
Aesculetin found in Stem
Aesculin found in Stem
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Androgenic
Boron found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Leaf
AntiCRP
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (13 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Pericarp
AntiCVS
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Stem
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Maslinic-acid found in Hull Husk
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Stem
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Antiacrocyanotic
Aesculin found in Stem
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiaggregant
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic-acid found in Fruit
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Cinchonine found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Salicylates found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Antiaging
Aesculin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Esculin found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (73 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Catechin found in Fruit
Fructose found in Fruit
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antialopecic
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (52470 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Antianaphylactic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (52470 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Fruit (73 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antiarrhythmic
Aesculetin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Esculetin found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Oleuropein found in Leaf
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Aesculin found in Stem
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Catechin found in Fruit
Esculin found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (13 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antibacterial
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic-acid found in Fruit
Aesculetin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
O-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Squalene found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (73 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculetin found in Stem
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculetin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Anticariogenic
Catechin found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Anticellulitic
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Anticervicaldysplasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (73 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Leaf
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Pericarp
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Stem
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Rutin found in Pericarp
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Leaf
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Stem
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Quercetin found in Stem
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Aesculin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Esculin found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antidysenteric
Aesculetin found in Stem
Esculetin found in Stem
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Leaf
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit
Maslinic-acid found in Hull Husk
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiendotoxic
Catechin found in Fruit
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antierythemic
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antiescherichic
Aesculetin found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Antifatigue
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Antifeedant
Catechin found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (52470 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Cinchonidine found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Antigallstone
Pectin found in Fruit
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Stem
Antigastritic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Antiglaucomic
Mannitol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Antihangover
Fructose found in Fruit
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antihemorrhagic
Phylloquinone found in Oil (0.8 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antihepatitic
Catechin found in Fruit
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Cinchonidine found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antihistaminic
Aesculin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Esculin found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Maslinic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Stem
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Catechin found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Oleuropein found in Leaf
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin-7-o-glucoside found in Leaf
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Stem
Antiimpotence
Estrone found in Seed
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Aesculetin found in Stem
Aesculin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Leaf
Maslinic-acid found in Hull Husk
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Salicylates found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Catechin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Antilithic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Stem
Antilymphomic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Antimalarial
Cinchonidine found in Leaf
Cinchonine found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antimanic
Choline found in Leaf
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Estrone found in Seed
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (73 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antimutagenic
Aesculetin found in Stem
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Stem
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Fruit
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Antinociceptive
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Choline found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Antiosteoarthritic
Boron found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Boron found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (780 ppm);found in Leaf (900 ppm)
Antiosteotic
Catechin found in Fruit
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Stem
Antipanniculopathic
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Catechin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Syringic-acid found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Antiplaque
Catechin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Stem
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antiproliferative
Uvaol found in Pericarp
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (13 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiprostatadenomic
Estrone found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Stem
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Quercetin found in Stem
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antipyretic
Aesculetin found in Stem
Aesculin found in Stem
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Cinchonidine found in Leaf
Cinchonine found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Salicylates found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Mannitol found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Syringic-acid found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Antisclerodermic
Catechin found in Fruit
Antiseborrheic
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Antiseptic
Aesculetin found in Stem
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechol found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Stem
Antisickling
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic-acid found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Antispasmodic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Leaf
Oleuropein found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antistaph
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Antistaphylococcic
Aesculetin found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechol found in Fruit
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Stem
Antistress
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Stem
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antithyreotropic
Catechol found in Fruit
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechol found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Squalene found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Catechin found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antivaginitic
Estrone found in Seed
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antiviral
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Catechol found in Fruit
Cinchonidine found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Maslinic-acid found in Hull Husk
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (780 ppm);found in Leaf (900 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Leaf
Aphrodisiac
Estrone found in Seed
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Astringent
Catechin found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Bacteristat
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Oleuropein found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Stem
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Leaf
COMP-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Fruit
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Stem
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Catechin found in Fruit
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Stem
Cancer-Preventive
4-hydroxycinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Aesculetin found in Stem
Aesculin found in Stem
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Catechol found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (800 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Squalene found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Candidicide
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Catechol found in Fruit
Estrone found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Cardiodepressant
Aesculetin found in Stem
Choline found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Stem
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (13 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Cardiotonic
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Pericarp
Squalene found in Fruit
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Choleretic
Aesculetin found in Stem
Aesculin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Cholinergic
Choline found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechol found in Fruit
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Convulsant
Catechol found in Fruit
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Coronary-Dilator
Oleuropein found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Aesculetin found in Stem
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculetin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (800 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (5600 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Catechin found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Stem
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Pericarp
Cytotoxic
Aesculetin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Uvaol found in Pericarp
Verbascoside found in Fruit
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Demulcent
Pectin found in Fruit
Dermatitigenic
Aesculetin found in Stem
Catechol found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Diuretic
Aesculin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Esculin found in Stem
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Emetic
Mannitol found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Boron found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Estrone found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Expectorant
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (52470 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (5600 ppm)
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Leaf
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Fungicide
Aesculetin found in Stem
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Stem
O-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Phylloquinone found in Oil (0.8 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Fungistat
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Stem
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (52470 ppm)
Hemostat
Catechin found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Hepatoprotective
Aesculetin found in Stem
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Choline found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Hepatotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Herbicide
Catechol found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (52470 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit
Salicylates found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Hypertensive
Aesculetin found in Stem
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculetin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Sodium found in Fruit (110092 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Catechin found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (13 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Pericarp
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (5600 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Salicylates found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Hypotensive
Apigenin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf
Elenolic-acid found in Leaf
Elenolide found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Oleuropein found in Leaf
Phylloquinone found in Oil (0.8 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Rutin found in Pericarp
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (119 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Rutin found in Pericarp
Immunostimulant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Phosphorus found in Fruit (780 ppm);found in Leaf (900 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Squalene found in Fruit
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Insecticide
Rutin found in Pericarp
Insectifuge
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Pericarp
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Stem
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Stem
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Lipotropic
Choline found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Stem
Aesculin found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Squalene found in Fruit
Uvaol found in Pericarp
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (52470 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (5600 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Stem
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
MDR-Inhibitor
Cinchonine found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Stem
Memorigenic
Choline found in Leaf
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Microvasculokinetic
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Musculotropic
Aesculetin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Stem
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Pericarp
Myorelaxant
Aesculetin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Pericarp
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Quercetin found in Stem
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Natriuretic
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Stem
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Fruit (800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (52470 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Fruit
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (780 ppm);found in Leaf (900 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Pericarp
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Stem
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Stem
PAF-Inhibitor
Cinchonine found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Stem
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (13 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Fruit
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Leaf
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Squalene found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (5600 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Fruit
Pesticide
Aesculetin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Catechol found in Fruit
Cinchonidine found in Leaf
Cinchonine found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Leaf
O-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (52470 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Phylloquinone found in Oil (0.8 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Squalene found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
1-acetoxypinoresinol found in Bark
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Stem
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Verbascoside found in Fruit
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Stem
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Progestational
Apigenin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Iron found in Fruit (73 ppm)
Propecic
Catechin found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (326400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (52470 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (5600 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Protease-Inhibitor
Maslinic-acid found in Hull Husk
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf
Catechol found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Pericarp
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Sedative
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (52470 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Aesculetin found in Stem
Aesculin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Squalene found in Fruit
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (5600 ppm)
Sweetener
Fructose found in Fruit
Galactose found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Toxic
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Phylloquinone found in Oil (0.8 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Transdermal
Estrone found in Seed
Tumor-Promoter
Catechol found in Fruit
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Stem
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Stem
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Stem
UV-Screen
Aesculetin found in Stem
Esculetin found in Stem
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8.3 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Syringic-acid found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Fruit
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Salicylates found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
Vasodilator
Apigenin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (2798 ppm);found in Leaf (11800 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (177000 ppm);found in Twig (289000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleuropein found in Leaf
Potassium found in Fruit (2523 ppm)
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Hull Husk
Rutin found in Pericarp
Vasoprotective
Aesculin found in Stem
Esculin found in Stem
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Vulnerary
Benzoic-acid found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Stem
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Catechin found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Stem
Quercetin found in Stem
Rutin found in Pericarp
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Stem
Luteolin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Stem

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-cyclo-olivil Branches
1-acetoxypinoresinol Bark
1-caffeyl-glucose Fruit
2-hydroxycinnamic-acid Fruit
3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic-acid Fruit
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic-acid Fruit
3,4-dihydroxycinnamic-acid Fruit
3,4-dihydroxyphenylethanol Fruit
3,4-dihydroxyphenylethanol-4-diglucoside Fruit
3,4-dihydroxyphenylethanol-4-monoglucoside Fruit
3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylalcohol Fruit
3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycol Fruit
3,4-dimethoxy-benzoic-acid Fruit
4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxybenzoic-acid Fruit
4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxycinnamic-acid Fruit
4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzoic-acid Fruit
4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-cinnamic-acid Fruit
4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetic-acid Fruit
4-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Fruit
4-hydroxycinnamic-acid Fruit
4-hydroxyphenylacetic-acid Fruit
4-hydroxyphenylethanol Fruit
Aesculetin Stem
Aesculin Stem
Alpha-tocopherol Oil 119
Apigenin Leaf
Apigenin-7-di-o-xyloside Leaf
Apigenin-7-glucoside Leaf
Arabinose Fruit
Arachidic-acid Fruit 300 800
Ash Fruit 64,000 294,000
Leaf 61,000
Twig 85,000
Benzoic-acid Fruit
Beta-amyrin Leaf
Beta-carotene Fruit 1.8 8.3
Beta-sitosterol-glucoside Leaf
Boron Fruit 1 4
Caffeic-acid Fruit
Calcium Fruit 610 2,798
Leaf 11,800
Carbohydrates Fruit 13,000 60,000
Leaf 735,000
Twig 765,000
Catechin Fruit
Catechol Fruit
Catechol-melanin Fruit
Choline Leaf
Chrysoeriol-7-o-glucoside Leaf
Cinchonidine Leaf
Cinchonine Leaf
Cinnamic-acid Fruit
Cornoside Fruit
Crataegolic-acid Fruit
Cyanidin-3-glucoside Fruit
Cyanidin-3-monoglucoside Pericarp
Cyanidin-3-rhamnosylglucosylglucoside Fruit
Cyanidin-3-rutinoside Fruit
D-1-acetoxpinoresinol-4"-o-methyl-ether Stem
D-1-acetoxypinoresinol-4'-beta-d-glucoside Stem
D-1-hydroxypinoresinol Stem
D-1-hydroxypinoresinol-4"-o-methyl-ether Stem
D-acetoxpinoresinol Stem
Demethyloleoeuropein Leaf
Dihydrocinchonine Leaf
Dihydroxyphenylpropane Leaf
Elenolic-acid Leaf
Elenolide Fruit
Erythrodiol Pericarp
Esculetin Stem
Esculin Stem
Estrone Seed
Fat Fruit 127,000 583,000
Leaf 73,000
Seed 300,000
Twig 61,000
Fiber Fruit 13,000 60,000
Leaf 177,000
Twig 289,000
Fructose Fruit
Galactose Fruit
Galacturonic-acid Fruit
Gallic-acid Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol Oil 13
Glucose Fruit
Halleridone Fruit
Hydroxytyrosol Fruit
Iron Fruit 16 73
Kaempferol Stem
Kilocalories Fruit 1,160 5,320
L-olivil Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ligustrolide Fruit
Ligustroside Leaf
Linoleic-acid Fruit 10,500 28,000
Luteolin Leaf
Luteolin-4'-o-glucoside Leaf
Luteolin-5-o-glucoside Fruit
Luteolin-7-o-glucoside Leaf
Luteolintetraglucoside Leaf
Mannitol Leaf
Maslinic-acid Hull Husk
Methyl-delta-maslinate Leaf
Myristic-acid Fruit 300 800
Nuzhenide Seed
O-coumaric-acid Fruit
Oleanolic-acid Hull Husk
Oleic-acid Fruit 122,400 326,400
Oleoside Leaf
Oleoside-7-methyl-ester Bark
Oleuropeic-acid Root Bark
Oleuropein Leaf
Oleuroside Leaf
Olivin Leaf
Olivin-4'-diglucoside Leaf
P-coumaric-acid Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Fruit
Paeonidin-3-glucoside Fruit
Paeonidin-3-rhamnosylglucosylglucoside Fruit
Palmitic-acid Fruit 14,250 52,470
Pectin Fruit
Phosphorus Fruit 170 780
Leaf 900
Phylloquinone Oil 0.8
Phytate Fruit 20 170
Potassium Fruit 550 2,523
Protein Fruit 14,000 64,000
Twig 89,000
Leaf 131,000
Protocatechuic-acid Fruit
Quercetin Stem
Quercetin-3-0-rutinoside Pericarp
Quercetin-3-o-rhamnoside Pericarp
Quinone Fruit
Rhamnose Fruit
Rutin Pericarp
Salicylates Fruit 3 13
Salidrosiide Seed
Seco-iridoids Leaf
Sodium Fruit 24,000 110,092
Squalene Fruit
Stearic-acid Fruit 2,100 5,600
Syringic-acid Fruit
Tannins Leaf
Tyrosol Fruit
Uvaol Pericarp
Vanillic-acid Fruit
Verbascoside Fruit
Water Fruit 782,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]