Ocimum americanum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American basil hoary basil

Ocimum americanum, known as limehairy or "hoary basil", is an annual herb with white or lavender flowers. It is used for medicinal purposes. Despite the misleading name, it is native to Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, China, Southeast Asia. The species is naturalized in Queensland, Christmas Island, and parts of tropical America.

Ocimum americanum

Medical use

Economic importance of Ocimum americanum

Food additives potential as flavoring potential as flavoring
Environmental ornamental ornamental
Human food potential as vegetable potential as vegetable
Medicines folklore folklore

Gallery

Ocimum americanum Ocimum americanum Ocimum americanum Ocimum americanum Ocimum americanum Ocimum americanum Ocimum americanum Ocimum americanum Ocimum americanum Ocimum americanum

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Sudan
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Rwanda
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Liberia; Nigeria; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola
    • Southern Africa: Namibia; South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Yunnan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Indochina; Myanmar
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Peru

Biological activities

Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
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Antibacterial
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Anticancer
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Anticarcinomic
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Antiedemic
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Antiinflammatory
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Antileukemic
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Antimalarial
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Antimelanomic
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Antinociceptive
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Antiplasmodial
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Antitumor
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Antiviral
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Apoptotic
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Cytotoxic
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Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
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Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Betulinic-acid Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]