Nyssa sylvatica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black tupelo black-gum sour-gum

Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico.

Nyssa sylvatica

Medical use

Economic importance of Nyssa sylvatica

Environmental ornamental shade/shelter
Materials fiber wod

Gallery

Nyssa sylvatica Nyssa sylvatica Nyssa sylvatica Nyssa sylvatica Nyssa sylvatica Nyssa sylvatica Nyssa sylvatica Nyssa sylvatica Nyssa sylvatica Nyssa sylvatica Nyssa sylvatica Nyssa sylvatica Nyssa sylvatica

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine , Michigan , New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois , Missouri, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Analgesic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
AntiAGE
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
AntiCFS
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Antiacne
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Leaf (188 ppm);found in Stem (22 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antiaging
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (1820 ppm);found in Stem (440 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (182 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (1820 ppm);found in Stem (440 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (182 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Antibacterial
Silver found in Leaf (0.18 ppm);found in Stem (0.22 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (1820 ppm);found in Stem (440 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Anticataract
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (1820 ppm);found in Stem (440 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (182 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antifatigue
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (182 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Leaf (182 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antimanic
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (1820 ppm);found in Stem (440 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Leaf (182 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Boron found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Boron found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (182 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2184 ppm);found in Stem (1056 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Antioxidant
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiseptic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (660 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antiulcer
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (660 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2184 ppm);found in Stem (1056 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
Astringent
Silver found in Leaf (0.18 ppm);found in Stem (0.22 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (660 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (910 ppm);found in Stem (66 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (182 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (182 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (660 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (910 ppm);found in Stem (66 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (182 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (1320 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (182 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2184 ppm);found in Stem (1056 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Leaf (188 ppm);found in Stem (22 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (6.37 ppm);found in Stem (4.4 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2184 ppm);found in Stem (1056 ppm)
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Leaf (2730 ppm);found in Stem (660 ppm)
Silver found in Leaf (0.18 ppm);found in Stem (0.22 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Leaf (1820 ppm);found in Stem (440 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (182 ppm);found in Stem (31 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Toxic
Vanadium found in Leaf (4.55 ppm);found in Stem (1.32 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Leaf (22750 ppm);found in Stem (14520 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9100 ppm);found in Stem (4400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25480 ppm);found in Stem (9240 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Leaf (55 ppm);found in Stem (132 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Aluminum Leaf 25 2,730
Stem 22 660
Ash Leaf 25,000 91,000
Stem 15,000 44,000
Barium Leaf 1 910
Stem 5 880
Boron Leaf 2 136
Stem 1 31
Calcium Leaf 1,950 22,750
Stem 2,850 14,520
Chromium Leaf 0 6.37
Stem 0 4.4
Cobalt Leaf 0 910
Stem 0 66
Copper Leaf 1.25 182
Stem 0.3 31
Gallium Stem 0 4.4
Iron Leaf 8 1,820
Stem 33 440
Lead Leaf 0.2 182
Stem 0.1 132
Magnesium Leaf 500 9,100
Stem 300 4,400
Manganese Leaf 12 2,730
Stem 2 1,320
Molybdenum Leaf 0 1.4
Stem 0 0.44
Nickel Leaf 0 188
Stem 0 22
Phosphorus Leaf 300 2,184
Stem 90 1,056
Potassium Leaf 2,500 25,480
Stem 870 9,240
Scandium Leaf 0 0.91
Silver Leaf 0 0.18
Stem 0 0.22
Strontium Leaf 7 910
Stem 10 880
Titanium Leaf 0.5 182
Stem 0.75 30.8
Vanadium Leaf 0.125 4.55
Stem 0.07 1.32
Water Resin, Exudate, Sap 150,000 300,000
Ytterbium Leaf 0.05 0.27
Stem 0.03 0.31
Yttrium Leaf 0.12 6.37
Stem 0.75 3.08
Zinc Leaf 2 55
Stem 6 132
Zirconium Leaf 0.5 13.6
Stem 0.3 2.2
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]