Nigella sativa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black-caraway black-cumin fennel-flower nigella nutmeg-flower Roman-coriander
Nigella sativa

Medical use

Economic importance of Nigella sativa

Food additives flavoring
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Nigella sativa Nigella sativa Nigella sativa Nigella sativa Nigella sativa Nigella sativa Nigella sativa Nigella sativa Nigella sativa Nigella sativa Nigella sativa

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iraq; Turkey

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed Oil (24900 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (171200 ppm);found in Seed (50523 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (2000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (60400 ppm);found in Seed (10192 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Acaricide
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Seed
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Seed
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Astragalin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Allelochemic
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture (14 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Allergenic
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Hederagenin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Tryptophan found in Seed
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Anesthetic
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Oil
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed (21560 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Seed
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
D-limonene found in Seed
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (140 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (171200 ppm);found in Seed (50523 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (171200 ppm);found in Seed (50523 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Seed (140 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Nigellone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Seed
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antibronchitic
Nigellone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Anticancer
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (140 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hederagenin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (140 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (21560 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antidermatitic
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed Oil (24900 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Seed
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Seed
Antidyskinetic
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antieczemic
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed Oil (24900 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Damascenine found in Plant
Glucose found in Seed
Hederagenin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antieicosanoid
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (53050 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (29595 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (16530 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (8325 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35900 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Hederagenin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (171200 ppm);found in Seed (50523 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Antihalitosic
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (53050 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Glucose found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Nigellone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Seed
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35900 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed (53050 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (53050 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Seed (53050 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Alpha-spinasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Hederagenin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Seed
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Antileukotriene-B4
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed Oil (24900 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Seed
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35900 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antimalarial
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antimelanomic
D-limonene found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (140 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (13650 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antinociceptive
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Seed (10255 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Cholesterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed Oil (18000 ppm);found in Seed (1082 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (171200 ppm);found in Seed (50523 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (21560 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Seed (16530 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (10960 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Thymohydroquinone found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Seed (16530 ppm)
Antiplaque
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35900 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Antipsoriatic
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed Oil (24900 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antipyretic
Alpha-spinasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Damascenine found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Seed
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35900 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antirheumatic
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Citrostadienol found in Seed Oil
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Seed
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antisecretory
Taraxerol found in Seed Oil
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Thymohydroquinone found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Seed (0 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (21560 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Nigellone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Seed
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Antistaphylococcic
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Cycloeucalenol found in Seed Oil
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antistreptococcic
Thymohydroquinone found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antitrypanosomic
Hederagenin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
D-limonene found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antitumor
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antitussive
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Taraxerol found in Seed Oil
Threonine found in Seed (3345 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (16530 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (21560 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35900 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (53050 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
D-limonene found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Alanine found in Seed (10255 ppm)
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed Oil (24900 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
D-limonene found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture (14 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed Oil (18000 ppm);found in Seed (1082 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Serine found in Seed (5385 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Seed (16530 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Candidistat
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Carminative
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Catabolic
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Seed
Chemopreventive
D-limonene found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Coagulant
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed Oil (24900 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed Oil (18000 ppm);found in Seed (1082 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (60400 ppm);found in Seed (10192 ppm)
Counterirritant
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Culicide
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Dentifrice
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Deodorant
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Differentiator
D-limonene found in Seed
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed (53050 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Asparagine found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Essential
Isoleucine found in Seed (10960 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (29595 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (3345 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Valine found in Seed (8325 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Expectorant
Astragalin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
FLavor
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
D-limonene found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (171200 ppm);found in Seed (50523 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (60400 ppm);found in Seed (10192 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (3345 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Valine found in Seed (8325 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Fungicide
Hederagenin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Fungistat
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (171200 ppm);found in Seed (50523 ppm)
Hemostat
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed Oil (24900 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Herbicide
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture (14 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed Oil (18000 ppm);found in Seed (1082 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (171200 ppm);found in Seed (50523 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Seed
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (980 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Seed
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (53050 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
24-methylene-cycloartanol found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
D-limonene found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (60400 ppm);found in Seed (10192 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture (14 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Astragalin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed Oil (24900 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Astragalin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Seed
Insecticide
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
D-limonene found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Insectifuge
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
D-limonene found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture (14 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Insulinogenic
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed Oil (24900 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Indole-3-acetic-acid found in Tissue Culture (14 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Juvabional
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Larvistat
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Litholytic
D-limonene found in Seed
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed Oil (18000 ppm);found in Seed (1082 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (171200 ppm);found in Seed (50523 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (60400 ppm);found in Seed (10192 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Molluscicide
Hederagenin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (21560 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Seed (16530 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed Oil
Motor-Depressant
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Mutagenic
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Myocontractant
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed Oil (24900 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (53050 ppm)
Nematicide
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed Oil (18000 ppm);found in Seed (1082 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (171200 ppm);found in Seed (50523 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Nephrotoxic
D-limonene found in Seed
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (13650 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (35900 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed (10255 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
D-limonene found in Seed
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Perfumery
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (60400 ppm);found in Seed (10192 ppm)
Thymohydroquinone found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (53050 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed
Prooxidant
Iron found in Seed (140 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (576300 ppm);found in Seed (233459 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (262400 ppm);found in Seed (184912 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (171200 ppm);found in Seed (50523 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (60400 ppm);found in Seed (10192 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Seed
Pyrogenic
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed Oil (24900 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (13650 ppm)
Sedative
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Tryptophan found in Seed
Serotoninergic
Tryptophan found in Seed
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (171200 ppm);found in Seed (50523 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (2000 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (53050 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil (60400 ppm);found in Seed (10192 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Toxic
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Tracheorelaxant
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (21560 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Seed Oil
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (3218 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (20700 ppm)
Thymoquinone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (16750 ppm)
Varroacide
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Seed (53050 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (10600 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (55000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5820 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)
Vermicide
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (9600 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Oil
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2577 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Seed (200 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
24-ethyl-lophenol Seed Oil
24-methyl-lophenol Seed Oil
24-methylene-cycloartanol Seed Oil
5-dehydro-avenasterol Seed Oil
7-dehydro-avenasterol Seed Oil
Alanine Seed 8,000 10,255
Alpha-spinasterol Seed Oil
Seed
Arabic-acid Seed
Arachidic-acid Seed Oil 1,900
Arachidonic-acid Seed Oil 24,900
Arginine Seed 41,500 53,050
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 2,577
Ash Seed 38,000 53,000
Asparagine Seed 0
Aspartic-acid Seed 10,670 13,650
Astragalin Seed 200
Beta-amyrin Seed Oil
Beta-sitosterol Seed Oil
Seed 3,218
Butyrospermol Seed Oil
Calcium Seed 10,600
Campestanol Seed Oil
Campesterol Seed Oil
Seed
Carbohydrates Seed 339,600
Carvone Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 2,250 9,600
Cholesterol Seed Oil
Seed
Citrostadienol Seed Oil
Cycloartenol Seed Oil
Cycloeucalenol Seed Oil
Cymene Seed
Cystine Seed
D-limonene Seed
Damascenine Plant
Dehydroascorbic-acid Leaf 295
Dithymoquinone Seed Oil
Eicosadienoic-acid Seed Oil 25,000
Seed 8,979 10,525
Eo Seed Oil 4,500
Seed 4,000 16,000
Fat Seed 354,900 416,000
Fiber Seed 55,000
Fixed-oil Seed 380,000
Glucose Seed
Glutamic-acid Seed 28,085 35,900
Glycine Seed 8,840 20,700
Gramisterol Seed Oil
Hederagenin Seed 10,000
Indole-3-acetic-acid Tissue Culture 14
Iron Seed 140
Isoleucine Seed 8,570 10,960
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-glucopyranosyl-(1,2)-o-beta-galactopyranosyl-(1,2)-beta-glucopyranoside Seed 100
Leucine Seed 23,130 29,595
Linoleic-acid Seed Oil 487,600 576,300
Seed 128,124 233,459
Linolenic-acid Seed Oil 5,700 7,000
Seed 2,484 2,912
Lipase Seed
Lophenol Seed Oil
Lysine Seed 16,200 20,700
Melanthigenin Seed
Melanthin Plant 15,000
Seed 15,000
Methionine Seed 13,100 16,750
Myristic-acid Seed Oil 1,900 18,000
Seed 567 1,082
Nigellicine Seed
Nigellidine Seed
Nigellimine Seed 0.13
Nigellimine-n-oxide Seed 0.2
Nigellin Seed
Nigelline Seed Essent. Oil
Nigellone Seed Essent. Oil
Plant
Seed
Obtusifoliol Seed Oil
Oleic-acid Seed Oil 244,600 262,400
Seed 89,911 184,912
Palmitic-acid Seed Oil 120,000 171,200
Seed 22,464 50,523
Palmitoleic-acid Seed Oil 2,000
Phenylalanine Seed 16,850 21,560
Phytosterols Seed 5,100
Potassium Seed 5,820
Proline Seed 11,350 14,520
Protein Seed 210,000 271,900
Quercetin-3'-glucoside Seed 440
Quercetin-3-o-(6-feruloyl-beta-glucopyranosyl)-(1,2)-beta-galactopyranosyl-(1,2)-beta-glucopyranoside Seed 240
Quercetin-3-o-beta-glucopyranosyl-(1,2)-o-beta-galactopyranosyl-(1,2)-beta-glucopyranoside Seed 1,380
Resin Seed
Rutin Seed 200
Serine Seed 4,210 5,385
Sodium Seed 980
Stearic-acid Seed Oil 18,100 60,400
Seed 8,722 10,192
Stigmast-7-en-3-beta-ol Seed Oil
Stigmastanol Seed Oil
Stigmasterol Seed Oil
Seed
Tannin Seed
Taraxerol Seed Oil
Telfairic-acid Seed Oil
Threonine Seed 2,615 3,345
Thymohydroquinone Seed
Thymol Seed Oil
Thymoquinone Seed Essent. Oil
Seed Oil
Seed
Tirucallol Seed Oil
Tryptophan Seed
Tyrosine Seed 12,925 16,530
Valine Seed 6,500 8,325
Water Seed 55,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]