Nicotiana rustica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Aztec tobacco Indian tabacco native tobacco nicotine tobacco small tobacco wild tobacco

Nicotiana rustica, known in South America as mapacho and in Vietnam as thuoc lao, is a rainforest plant in the Solanaceae family. It is a very potent variety of tobacco. The high concentration of nicotine in its leaves makes it useful for creating organic pesticides. Rustica is often used for entheogenic purposes by South American shamans. It contains up to nine times more nicotine than common species of Nicotiana such as N. tabacum. Other reasons for its shamanic use are the comparatively high levels of MAOI beta-carbolines, including the harmala alkaloids, harman and norharman. Most commonly, in South American ethnobotanical preparations, it is allowed to soak or be infused in water, and the water is then insufflated into the stomach in a preparation known as singado or singa; it is also smoked in cigars, used as an enema, made into a lickable product known as ambil, and made into a snuff with the bark of a species of Theobroma, creating nunu. Rustica has anthelmintic effects against tapeworm infections. In the southeast part of Turkey, people use this herb and ashes of some tree bodies to make a moist snuff called maraş otu.

Nicotiana rustica

Medical use

Economic importance of Nicotiana rustica

Harmful organism host test organism for crop diseases
Gene sources tertiary genetic relative of tobaco
Medicines folklore
Non-vertebrate poisons plant pest control
Social smoking material stimulant

Gallery

Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana rustica

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Western South America: Bolivia - La Paz ; Ecuador - Canar, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Imbabura, Pichincha, Tungurahua; Peru - Amazonas, Ancash, Cajamarca, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Junin, Lambayeque, Lima, Puno

Biological activities

ANS-Paralytic
Nicotine found in Leaf
ANS-Stimulant
Nicotine found in Leaf
Addictive
Nicotine found in Leaf
Analgesic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Anorectic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Nicotine found in Leaf
Antifumitory
Nicotine found in Leaf
Antismoking
Anabasine found in Leaf
Cardiovascular
Nicotine found in Leaf
Cholinergic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Dopaminigenic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Ectoparasiticide
Nicotine found in Leaf
Epinephrininergic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Herbicide
Nicotine found in Leaf
Hyperglycemic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Insecticide
Anabasine found in Leaf
Nicotine found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Anabasine found in Leaf
Nematistat
Nicotine found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Pesticide
Anabasine found in Leaf
Nicotine found in Leaf
Respirastimulant
Anabasine found in Leaf
Serotoninergic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Sialogogue
Anabasine found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Nicotine found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Anabasine Leaf
Nicotine Leaf
Nornicotine Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]