Nicotiana glauca Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
glaucous-leaf tobacco tobacco-bush tree tobacco wild tobacco

Nicotiana glauca is a species of wild tobacco known by the common name tree tobacco. Its leaves are attached to the stalk by petioles, and its leaves and stems are neither pubescent nor sticky like Nicotiana tabacum. It grows to heights of more than two meters. Tree tobacco is native to South America but it is now widespread as an introduced species on other continents. It is a common roadside weed in the southwestern United States, and an invasive plant species in California native plant habitats. The plant is used for a variety of medicinal purposes and smoked by Native American groups. The Cahuilla Indians used leaves interchangeably with other tobacco species in hunting rituals and as a poultice to treat swellings, bruises, cuts, wounds, boils, sores, inflamed throat, and swollen glands. Contains the toxic alkaloid anabasine. Ingestion of the leaves can be fatal. It is being investigated for use as a biofuel.

Nicotiana glauca

Medical use

Economic importance of Nicotiana glauca

Environmental polution control
Gene sources tertiary genetic relative of tobaco
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco; Tunisia
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Western Asia: Egypt - Sinai; Israel; Lebanon; Turkey
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece ; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
    • Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Johnston Atoll; United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Western South America: Bolivia
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Federal District, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Salta, San Luis, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman
    Naturalized
    • Brazil: Brazil - Mato Grosso do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
ANS-Paralytic
Nicotine found in Leaf
ANS-Stimulant
Nicotine found in Leaf
Addictive
Nicotine found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Analgesic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Anorectic
Nicotine found in Leaf
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiallergic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Anticancer
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Anticataract
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antidementia
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Nicotine found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antifumitory
Nicotine found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiradicular
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antismoking
Anabasine found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antitumor
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Antiviral
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Nicotine found in Leaf
Catabolic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Cholinergic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Dopaminigenic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Ectoparasiticide
Nicotine found in Leaf
Epinephrininergic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Hemostat
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Herbicide
Nicotine found in Leaf
Hyperglycemic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Hypotensive
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Insecticide
Anabasine found in Leaf
Nicotine found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Juvabional
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Larvistat
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Mutagenic
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Anabasine found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Nematistat
Nicotine found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Pesticide
Anabasine found in Leaf
Nicotine found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Anabasine found in Leaf
Serotoninergic
Nicotine found in Leaf
Sialogogue
Anabasine found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Nicotine found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (21000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alkaloids Fruit 12,000
Leaf 11,000
Anabasine Leaf
Nicotine Leaf
Nornicotine Leaf
Rutin Leaf 12,000 21,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]