Nerium oleander Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
oleander rose bay rose-laurel
Nerium oleander

Medical use

Economic importance of Nerium oleander

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Nerium oleander Nerium oleander Nerium oleander Nerium oleander Nerium oleander Nerium oleander Nerium oleander Nerium oleander Nerium oleander Nerium oleander

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • West Tropical Africa: Niger
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; United Arab Emirates
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • China: China - Yunnan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Malta
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Flower
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Leaf
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antialzheimeran
Choline found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Hcn found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Leaf
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Gitoxigenin found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Plant
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Plant
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Plant
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidementia
Choline found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Choline found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antidote
Hcn found in Plant
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Plant
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulin found in Leaf
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Choline found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Campesterol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed (140 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Oleandomycin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antitumor
Adynerin found in Leaf
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Betulin found in Leaf
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Oleandrin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Uzarigenin found in Flower
Antitussive
Hcn found in Plant
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulin found in Leaf
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bradycardic
Oleandrin found in Leaf
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Seed
COX-2-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cardiac
Adynerin found in Leaf
Cornerin found in Leaf
Folinerin found in Leaf
Neriin found in Leaf
Strospeside found in Leaf
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Foliandrin found in Leaf
Oleandrin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Leaf
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Plant
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Flower
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Betulin found in Leaf
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Uzarigenin found in Flower
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Detoxicant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Cornerin found in Leaf
Foliandrin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Neriin found in Leaf
Oleandrin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Dye
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Flower
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fungicide
Capric-acid found in Seed
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Campesterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Phytosterols found in Seed (140 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Choline found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Hcn found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Irritant
Capric-acid found in Seed
Caproic-acid found in Seed
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Lipotropic
Choline found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Flower
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Choline found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Flower
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Capric-acid found in Seed
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Hcn found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Oleandomycin found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Leaf
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Purgative
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Plant
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Plant
Sedative
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Flower
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Toxic
Adynerin found in Leaf
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasoconstrictor
Folinerin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Plant
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant (43000 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
16-anhydro-deacetyl-nerigoside Seed
9-d-hydroxy-cis-12-octadecanoic-acid Seed
Adigoside Plant
Adynerin Leaf
Alkaloids Flower 10
Leaf 50
Stem 20
Alpha-amyrin Plant
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Betulin Leaf
Betulinic-acid Leaf
Campesterol Plant
Caoutchouc Plant 490
Capric-acid Seed
Caproic-acid Seed
Caprylic-acid Seed
Choline Plant
Cornerin Leaf
Cortenerin Leaf
Deacetyloleandrin Leaf
Diacetyl-nerigoside Seed
Eo Flower 300
Fat Seed 170,000 294,000
Foliandrin Leaf
Folinerin Leaf
Gentiobiosyloleandrin Leaf
Gitoxigenin Flower
Glycosides Flower 5,500
Stem 5,000
Leaf 6,300
Stem Bark 9,600
Hcn Plant
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Kaempferol-3-rhamnoglucoside Leaf
Lauric-acid Seed
Linoleic-acid Flower
Linolenic-acid Flower
Nerianthin Leaf
Nerigoside Seed
Neriin Leaf
Neritaloside Leaf
Odorobioside Plant
Odoroside-a Leaf
Odoroside-h Leaf
Odorotrioside Plant
Oleagenin Leaf
Oleandomycin Plant
Oleandrin Leaf
Oleanolic-acid Plant
Oleasides Leaf
Oleic-acid Seed
Palmitic-acid Seed
Phytosterols Seed 140
Protein Seed 300,000
Pseudocuramine Plant
Quercetin Leaf
Quercetrin-3-rhamnoglucoside Leaf
Quercitrin Leaf
Rosaginin Bark
Rutin Leaf
Stearic-acid Flower
Stigmasterol Plant
Strospeside Leaf
Urehitoxin Leaf
Ursolic-acid Plant 43,000
Uzarigenin Flower
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]