Morus alba Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Russian mulberry silkworm mulberry white mulberry
Morus alba

Medical use

Economic importance of Morus alba

Environmental ornamental revegetator
Invertebrate food silkworms
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China
    Naturalized
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Malesia: Borneo; Indonesia - Celebes, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas; New Guinea; Philippines
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • South America

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
5-HT-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
ACE-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Leaf
Glutathione found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Abortifacient
Inokosterone found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Acaricide
Eugenol found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Leaf
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Leaf
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Tartaric-acid found in Leaf
Akt-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Kuwanon-c found in Root Bark
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cyanidin found in Fruit
O-cresol found in Plant
P-cresol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Resorcinol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Allelopathic
Piceatannol found in Wood
Allergenic
Acetone found in Leaf
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Anabolic
Inokosterone found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Analeptic
Gaba found in Leaf
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Root Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Root Bark
Beta-ecdysterone found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ecdysterone found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Inokosterone found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Phenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Phenol found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Root Bark (0.1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Tannin found in Stem
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Stem
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Phenol found in Plant
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Leaf
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Plant
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Resorcinol found in Wood
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (247 ppm);found in Root Bark (290 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Wood
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antialopecic
Biotin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antianemic
Adenine found in Leaf
Copper found in Root Bark (6 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf
Iron found in Fruit (247 ppm);found in Root Bark (290 ppm)
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Copper found in Root Bark (6 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Tannin found in Stem
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (247 ppm);found in Root Bark (290 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Resveratrol found in Wood
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Stem
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Leaf
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Leaf
Iron found in Fruit (247 ppm);found in Root Bark (290 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Scopolin found in Leaf
Antichoreic
Choline found in Leaf
Gaba found in Leaf
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Resorcinol found in Wood
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Plant
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Leaf
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticytotoxic
Glutathione found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed
Biotin found in Leaf
Guaiacol found in Plant
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Resorcinol found in Wood
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choline found in Leaf
Copper found in Root Bark (6 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Fructose found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Stem
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Stem
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Leaf
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Antieczemic
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Glutathione found in Leaf
Guaiacol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Resorcinol found in Wood
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Root Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Glucose found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Antieicosanoid
Resveratrol found in Wood
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Leucine found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Leaf
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Copper found in Root Bark (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antifeedant
5,7-dihydroxychromone found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Wood
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antigranulocytopenic
Adenine found in Leaf
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Fructose found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Phenol found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Glutathione found in Leaf
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Glucose found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Stem
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Leaf
Antihydrocoele
Phenol found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Plant
Trigonelline found in Leaf
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Tannin found in Stem
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antihysteric
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Wood
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiincontinence
Phenol found in Plant
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Root Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Copper found in Root Bark (6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Lupeol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Plant
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Leaf
Glucose found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Piceatannol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antileukotriene-B4
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Stem
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Wood
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Leaf
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (247 ppm);found in Root Bark (290 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Leaf
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant
Dihydroquercetin found in Wood
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
O-cresol found in Plant
P-cresol found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Stem
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Leaf
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Tannin found in Stem
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Beta-ecdysterone found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Biotin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Folacin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Root Bark
Beta-amyrin found in Root Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf
Copper found in Root Bark (6 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antionychogryphotic
Phenol found in Plant
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Stem
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Copper found in Root Bark (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Phenol found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Plant
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Campesterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cyanidin found in Fruit
Dihydroquercetin found in Wood
Eugenol found in Plant
Glutathione found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Oxyresveratrol found in Wood
Phenol found in Plant
Piceatannol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Wood
Resveratrol found in Wood
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Stem
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Wood
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Lupeol found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Phenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antipruritic
Resorcinol found in Wood
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Resorcinol found in Wood
Antipsoriatic
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Antipyruvetic
Phenol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Tannin found in Stem
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Stem
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Antiretroviral
Isoquercetin found in Fruit
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Biotin found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Wood
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
M-cresol found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
O-cresol found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
P-cresol found in Plant
Phenol found in Plant
Resorcinol found in Wood
Resveratrol found in Wood
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Wood
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Phenol found in Plant
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antispastic
Phenol found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Dihydroquercetin found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Antituberculic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Tannin found in Stem
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Root Bark
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Stem
Antitussive
Pectin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Root Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Root Bark
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Wood
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Tannin found in Stem
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Antiviral
Adenine found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Isoquercetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Phenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Tannin found in Stem
Antiwrinkle
Phenol found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Plant
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Albanol-a found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Piceatannol found in Wood
Resveratrol found in Wood
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Wood
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Scopolin found in Leaf
Bruchifuge
Xanthophyll found in Leaf
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Acetone found in Leaf
Butyl-alcohol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Phenol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Scopolin found in Leaf
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Leaf
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
Adenine found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
CYP1A1-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Glutathione found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Mucilage found in Fruit
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
O-cresol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
P-cresol found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf
Phenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Fruit (14 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Stem
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Candidicide
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Phenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Stem
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Leaf
Guaiacol found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Copper found in Root Bark (6 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Wood
Cardiotonic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Leaf
Carminative
Eugenol found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Casein-Kinase-II-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Stem
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Cholinergic
Choline found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Coagulant
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root Bark (6 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Counterirritant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Tannin found in Stem
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Root Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Fruit
Pectin found in Leaf
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Dermal
Guaiacol found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Butyl-alcohol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Diels-Alder-Adduct
Chalcomoracin found in Root
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Adenine found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Dye
Maclurin found in Wood
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Elastase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
Emetic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Plant
Phenol found in Plant
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Plant
Epidermal-Stimulant
Trigonelline found in Leaf
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Essential
Leucine found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Astragalin found in Leaf
Guaiacol found in Plant
FLavor
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Methyl-ethyl-ketone found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
N-butyraldehyde found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed
P-cresol found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Tartaric-acid found in Leaf
Valeric-acid found in Plant
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Plant
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Fumigant
M-cresol found in Plant
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Kuwanon-g found in Root Bark
Kuwanon-h found in Root Bark
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf
Phenol found in Plant
Piceatannol found in Wood
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Resorcinol found in Wood
Resveratrol found in Wood
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Tetrahydroxystilbene found in Wood
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Root Bark
Beta-amyrin found in Root Bark
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Stem
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Leaf
Hemolytic
M-cresol found in Plant
Phenol found in Plant
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Leaf (106000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Root Bark
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choline found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Stem
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
5,7-dihydroxychromone found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Herbistat
Pipecolic-acid found in Leaf
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroperoxidase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Fruit (2467 ppm);found in Root Bark (520 ppm)
Hyperuricemic
Adenine found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Campesterol found in Plant
Copper found in Root Bark (6 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Mucilage found in Fruit
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Leaf
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Trigonelline found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Manganese found in Root Bark (37 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Trigonelline found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Hypotensive
Albanol-a found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Kuwanon-g found in Root Bark
Kuwanon-h found in Root Bark
Lupeol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Moracenin-d found in Root
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Resveratrol found in Wood
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
IKB-kinase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Copper found in Root Bark (6 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Stem
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Insecticide
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Adenine found in Leaf
Alpha-amyrin found in Root Bark
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Xanthophyll found in Leaf
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
Irritant
Caproic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Plant
Isobutyric-acid found in Leaf
M-cresol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Wood
Tartaric-acid found in Leaf
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
Resveratrol found in Wood
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ecdysterone found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Inokosterone found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Resorcinol found in Wood
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Root Bark
Eugenol found in Plant
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Fructose found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Resveratrol found in Wood
Lipotropic
Choline found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Tannin found in Stem
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Lithogenic
Adenine found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Stem
MAPK-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Choline found in Leaf
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Root Bark
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Leaf
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Myocardiotonic
Adenine found in Leaf
Myocontractant
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Valeric-acid found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Narcotic
Acetone found in Leaf
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Wood
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Leaf
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Plant
Gaba found in Leaf
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Tannin found in Stem
Osmoregulator
Trigonelline found in Leaf
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (4500 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PKC-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
PKD-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Wood
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Parasiticide
M-cresol found in Plant
P-cresol found in Plant
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Leaf
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Perfume
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Plant
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Plant
Isobutyraldehyde found in Leaf
M-cresol found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Leaf
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Photoactive
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Phytoalexin
Chalcomoracin found in Root
Piceatannol found in Wood
Resveratrol found in Wood
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Fruit
Piscicide
Piceatannol found in Wood
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Fruit
Iron found in Fruit (247 ppm);found in Root Bark (290 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Trigonelline found in Leaf
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (1800 ppm);found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Proteinogenic
Ecdysterone found in Leaf
Inokosterone found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Stem
Pyrogenic
Arachidonic-acid found in Seed
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
Rodenticide
M-cresol found in Plant
O-cresol found in Plant
P-cresol found in Plant
Phenol found in Plant
Rubefacient
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Leaf (5600 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root Bark (6 ppm)
Sedative
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Gaba found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Leaf
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Soap
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Fructose found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Plant
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Wood
Morin found in Wood (4400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Transdermal
Guaiacol found in Plant
Isobutyric-acid found in Leaf
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Plant
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Plant
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf (2000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Folacin found in Leaf
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Leaf
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Wood
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Wood
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Adenine found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (6400 ppm);found in Root Bark (16500 ppm);found in Leaf (27400 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (153000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Wood
Magnesium found in Root Bark (2450 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Phenol found in Plant
Potassium found in Fruit (10133 ppm);found in Root Bark (5270 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Plant
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root Bark (14 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Folacin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Stem
Umbelliferone found in Root Bark
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (60000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Wood
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2,4,4',6-tetrahydroxybenzophenone Wood
3,2',4'-trihydroxydihydrostilbene Wood
3,4'-dihydroxydihydrostilbene Wood
5,7-dihydroxychromone Plant
6,3',5'-trihydroxy-2-phenylbenzofuran Wood
A-beta-hexenal Leaf
Acetic-acid Leaf
Acetone Leaf
Adenine Leaf
Albafuran-c Plant
Albanin-f Plant
Albanin-g Plant
Albanol-a Plant
Albanol-b Plant
Alpha-amyrin Root Bark
Alpha-beta-dimontany-glycerol Plant
Aluminum(al2o3) Leaf 8,000 18,000
Arachidonic-acid Seed
Arsenic Root Bark 0.1
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 50 1,040
Leaf 2,000 3,000
Ash Fruit 7,000 72,000
Leaf 80,000 204,000
Asparagic-acid Leaf
Astragalin Leaf
Benzaldehyde Plant
Beta-amyrin Root Bark
Beta-carotene Fruit 1 8
Beta-ecdysterone Leaf 1
Beta-gamma-hexenol Leaf
Beta-resorcylaldehyde Wood
Beta-sitosterol Leaf 2,000
Beta-sitosterol-beta-d-glucoside Plant
Betulinic-acid Bark 1,800
Root Bark 150
Biotin Leaf
Butyl-alcohol Plant
Butylamine Leaf
Caffeic-acid Plant
Calcium Fruit 300 6,400
Root Bark 16,100 16,500
Leaf 7,000 27,400
Calcium(cao) Leaf 14,000 24,000
Calcium-malate Leaf
Campesterol Plant
Caproic-acid Plant
Carbohydrates Fruit 97,000 813,000
Leaf 400,000 633,000
Cellulose Leaf 86,000 106,000
Chalcomoracin Root
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Choline Leaf
Chrysanthemin Fruit
Cis-5-hydroxy-l-pipecolic-acid Plant
Cis-beta-gamma-hexanol Plant
Citric-acid Plant
Copper Root Bark 6
Cudranin Wood
Cyanidin Fruit
Cyanidin-3-glucoside Fruit
Cyclomorusin Root Bark
Cyclomulberrin Root Bark
Cyclomulberrochromene Root
Dihydrokaempferol Wood
Dihydromorin Wood
Dihydroquercetin Wood
Dihydroxyresveratrol Wood
Ecdysterone Leaf
Ethyl-2,4-dihyroxybenzoate Plant
Eugenol Plant
Fat Fruit 4,000 32,000
Seed 330,000 380,000
Leaf 68,000 74,000
Fiber Fruit 9,000 60,000
Leaf 153,000
Folacin Leaf
Folinic-acid Leaf
Fructose Leaf
Gaba Leaf
Glucose Leaf
Glutamic-acid Leaf
Glutathione Leaf
Guaiacol Plant
Hexaldehyde Leaf
Hexen-(2)-al-(1) Leaf
Hydroxycinnamic-acid Leaf
Hydroxyresveratrol Wood 20,000
Inokosterone Leaf 10
Iron Fruit 19 247
Root Bark 70 290
Iron-oxide(fe2o3) Leaf 500 2,600
Isoamyl-alcohol Plant
Isobutyraldehyde Leaf
Isobutyric-acid Leaf
Isoquercetin Fruit
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Kaempferol Wood
Kuwanon-a Root Bark
Kuwanon-b Root Bark
Kuwanon-c Root Bark
Kuwanon-f Root Bark
Kuwanon-g Root Bark
Kuwanon-h Root Bark
Kuwanon-i Tissue Culture
Kuwanon-j Tissue Culture
Leucine Leaf
Linalol Plant
Linoleic-acid Seed
Lupeol Plant
M-cresol Plant
Maclurin Wood
Magnesium Root Bark 2,310 2,450
Magnesium(mgo) Leaf 2,500 7,200
Malic-acid Leaf
Manganese Root Bark 15 37
Methyl-ethyl-acetaldehyde Leaf
Methyl-ethyl-ketone Leaf
Methyl-hexyl-ketone Leaf
Methyl-salicylate Plant
Moracenin-d Root
Moracetin Leaf
Morachalcone-a Tissue Culture
Morin Wood 3,000 4,400
Morusin Root Bark
Mucilage Fruit
Mulberranol Root Bark
Mulberrin Plant
Mulberrochromene Root
Mulberrofuran-b Root Bark
Mulberrofuran-m Plant
Mulberrofuran-n Plant
Myristic-acid Seed
N-butanol Leaf
N-butyraldehyde Leaf
Niacin Fruit 7 54
Norartocarpanone Wood
O-cresol Plant
Oleic-acid Seed
Oxalic-acid Leaf
Oxydihydromorusin Root Bark
Oxyresveratrol Wood
P-cresol Plant
Palmitoleic-acid Seed
Pectin Leaf
Pelargonidin-3-glucoside Fruit
Petunidin-3-rutinoside Fruit
Phenol Plant
Phosphorus Fruit 320 3,200
Leaf 2,400 4,500
Phosphorus(p2o3) Leaf 6,500 14,000
Phytate-phosphorus Leaf 1,183 2,548
Piceatannol Wood
Pipecolic-acid Leaf
Potassium Fruit 1,520 10,133
Root Bark 4,180 5,270
Potassium(k2o) Leaf 20,000 39,200
Proline Leaf
Propionic-acid Leaf
Protein Fruit 15,000 120,000
Leaf 140,000 288,000
Seed 250,000
Quercetin Plant
Quercetin-3'-glucoside Leaf
Quercitrin Leaf
Resorcinol Wood
Resveratrol Wood
Riboflavin Fruit 1 14
Rutin Fruit
Leaf 20,000 60,000
Sarcosine Leaf
Scopoletin Leaf
Scopolin Leaf
Silica(sio2) Leaf 18,000 26,000
Sitosterol Root Bark
Sitosterol-alpha-glucoside Root Bark
Sitosteryl-caprate Leaf
Sitosteryl-palmitate Leaf
Sodium Fruit 370 2,467
Root Bark 251 520
Soluble-sugars Leaf 122,000 288,000
Stearic-acid Seed
Stigmast-5-en-3-beta-ol-7-one Tissue Culture
Succinic-acid Leaf
Sulfur Leaf 3,000 5,600
Tannin Stem
Tartaric-acid Leaf
Tetrahydroxystilbene Wood
Thiamin Fruit 0 2
Trans-5-hydroxy-l-pipecolic-acid Plant
Trans-beta-gamma-hexanol Plant
Trigonelline Leaf
Umbelliferone Root Bark
Valeraldehyde Leaf
Valeric-acid Plant
Water Fruit 850,000 875,000
Xanthophyll Leaf
Zinc Root Bark 9 14
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]