Monarda media Health effects and herbal facts

Monarda media is a species of flowering plant in the mint family known by the common name purple bergamot. It is native to eastern North America, including the eastern United States and Ontario in Canada. This species is a rhizomatous perennial herb with square stems growing 2 to 3 feet tall. It may spread to form a colony. The oppositely arranged leaves are lance-shaped and mint-scented. The inflorescence contains tubular reddish purple flowers with purplish bracts beneath. The flowers are attractive to insects. The seed heads are attractive to birds. This plant grows in swampy habitat such as stream beds.

Monarda media

Gallery

Monarda media Monarda media Monarda media Monarda media Monarda media Monarda media Monarda media Monarda media Monarda media Monarda media Monarda media Monarda media Monarda media

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Analgesic
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (69 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (176 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Plant (63 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (1442 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (176 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Plant (1442 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Antilepric
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (69 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Antiradicular
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (1442 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (176 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (69 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Plant (63 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antitumor
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (1442 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (176 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Carminative
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Culicide
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Deodorant
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (176 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
3-octanol found in Plant (292 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (176 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (69 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Plant (63 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (176 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Larvicide
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Laxative
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (69 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (176 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Perfumery
3-octanol found in Plant (292 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (69 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (1442 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (176 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Plant (392 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (140 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Plant (392 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (176 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (69 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1484 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (1351 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (528 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Varroacide
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Vermicide
Thymol found in Plant (1292 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Plant (2736 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (196 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Plant 807 1,351
1-octen-3-ol Plant 175
3-octanol Plant 28 292
3-octyl-acetate Plant 50
Alpha-pinene Plant 137 434
Alpha-terpineol Plant 35 196
Bornyl-acetate Plant 161 176
Camphene Plant 15 231
Carvacrol Plant 2,736
Cis-ocimene Plant 63
Dihydrocarveol-acetate Plant 50
Eo Plant 7,000
Gamma-terpinene Plant 46
Germacrene-d Plant 392
Limonene Plant 236 1,484
Linalol Plant 22 63
Linalyl-acetate Plant 69
Myrcene Plant 140
P-cymene Plant 14 528
Sabinene Plant 1,442
Thymol Plant 1,292
Trans-ocimene Plant 336
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]