Monarda didyma Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
beebalm bergamot fragrantbalm mountain-mint Oswego-tea
Monarda didyma

Medical use

Economic importance of Monarda didyma

Bee plants honey production
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma Monarda didyma

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Georgia , Kentucky , North Carolina , Tennessee, Virginia
    Naturalized
    • North America
    Cultivated
    • North America

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (195 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Plant (1250 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (195 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Plant (1250 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (195 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Plant (1250 ppm)
Linarin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Camphene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (320 ppm);found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Analgesic
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (505 ppm);found in Leaf
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Naringenin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiTGF-beta
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (195 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Plant (1250 ppm)
Isomenthone found in Flower ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Naringenin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Naringenin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Naringenin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiamnesic
Naringenin found in Plant
Antiamyloid-Beta
Naringenin found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Carvacrol found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Flower (55 ppm);found in Plant (775 ppm);found in Leaf (740 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf
Genkwanin found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Plant (1230 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Anticomplement
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Antidepressant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Plant
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Naringenin found in Plant
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Flower (55 ppm);found in Plant (775 ppm);found in Leaf (740 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (195 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Plant (1250 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Naringenin found in Plant
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Plant (1230 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Naringenin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Naringenin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperlipidemic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antilepric
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Naringenin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Camphene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (320 ppm);found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (195 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Plant (1250 ppm)
Isomenthone found in Flower ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (505 ppm);found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Naringenin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperoxidative
Naringenin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Antiradicular
Carvacrol found in Plant
Isomenthone found in Flower ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Sabinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Plant (1230 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antishock
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antisindhis
Naringenin found in Plant
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Flower (55 ppm);found in Plant (775 ppm);found in Leaf (740 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (505 ppm);found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Naringenin found in Plant
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Plant
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Naringenin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Sabinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Plant (1230 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiuremic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Flower (55 ppm);found in Plant (775 ppm);found in Leaf (740 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Naringenin found in Plant
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Avifuge
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Candidistat
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotonic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Carminative
Carvacrol found in Plant
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Cerebrotoxic
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Culicide
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Plant
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Diuretic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Emetic
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Plant
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Naringenin found in Plant
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Flower (55 ppm);found in Plant (775 ppm);found in Leaf (740 ppm)
Camphene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (320 ppm);found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
3-octanol found in Plant (240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Flower (55 ppm);found in Plant (775 ppm);found in Leaf (740 ppm)
Camphene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (320 ppm);found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf
Dihydrocarvyl-acetate found in Plant (45 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (195 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Plant (1250 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (505 ppm);found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Prunin found in Plant
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Glutathionalytic
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Hallucinogenic
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Prunin found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Prunin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypolipemic
Prunin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Ocimene found in Leaf
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Flower (55 ppm);found in Plant (775 ppm);found in Leaf (740 ppm)
Camphene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (320 ppm);found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (195 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Plant (1250 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (195 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Plant (1250 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Larvicide
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Laxative
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (505 ppm);found in Leaf
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Flower (55 ppm);found in Plant (775 ppm);found in Leaf (740 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Naringenin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Oviposition-Stimulant
Narirutin found in Plant
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Perfumery
3-octanol found in Plant (240 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (195 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Plant (1250 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (505 ppm);found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Ocimene found in Leaf
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Sabinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Plant (1230 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Flower (55 ppm);found in Plant (775 ppm);found in Leaf (740 ppm)
Camphene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (320 ppm);found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (195 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Plant (1250 ppm)
Genkwanin found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Flower (115 ppm);found in Plant (330 ppm);found in Leaf (690 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (485 ppm)
Naringenin found in Plant
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Prunin found in Plant
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Flower (115 ppm);found in Plant (330 ppm);found in Leaf (690 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Pigment
Pelargonin found in Flower
Piscicide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Plant
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Protisticide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Pulifuge
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Pulmonotoxic
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Purgative
Genkwanin found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (18000 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Flower (55 ppm);found in Plant (775 ppm);found in Leaf (740 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (505 ppm);found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Serotonin-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Flower (25 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Camphene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (320 ppm);found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Teratogenic
Naringenin found in Plant
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Plant
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (18 ppm);found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (7 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Plant (240 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Plant (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (22 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Plant (2735 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (405 ppm);found in Leaf (270 ppm);found in Plant (1850 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Naringenin found in Plant
Varroacide
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Vasopressor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vermicide
Thymol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Plant
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Plant (420 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Flower 22
Leaf 30 50
Plant 100 2,735
1-octen-3-ol Plant 30 310
3-octanol Plant 25 240
3-octanone Plant 5 40
3-octyl-acetate Plant 10 110
Alpha-copaene Flower
Leaf
Alpha-pinene Flower 18
Plant 5 350
Leaf 50 90
Alpha-terpinene Flower 25
Plant 5 40
Leaf 10 15
Alpha-terpineol Flower 20
Leaf 25 40
Plant 1 420
Alpha-thujene Plant 2 20
Beta-bourbonene Flower 10
Leaf 50 90
Plant 5 70
Beta-caryophyllene Flower 30
Leaf
Beta-copaene Plant 5 40
Beta-pinene Flower 7
Leaf 45 80
Plant 25 240
Beta-sitosterol Leaf
Borneol Flower 7
Leaf 40 75
Bornyl-acetate Flower 55
Plant 15 775
Leaf 380 740
Camphene Flower 10
Plant 25 320
Leaf 90 170
Carvacrol Plant
Delta-3-carene Leaf
Didymin Plant 300 3,000
Dihydrocarvyl-acetate Plant 5 45
Eo Flower 3,700
Leaf 7,000 13,000
Shoot 1,000 10,000
Gamma-terpinene Flower 195
Leaf 60 115
Plant 20 1,250
Genkwanin Plant
Geraniol Flower 4
Leaf 14 25
Geranyl-acetate Flower 4
Leaf 7 13
Germacrene-d Flower 115
Plant 20 330
Leaf 370 690
Glucogenkwanin Plant
Isomenthone Flower
Leaf 15 25
Isosakuranetin Plant
Isosakuranetin-7-rutinoside Plant
Isosakuranetin-glycoside Plant
Isosakuranin Plant
Limonene Flower 10
Plant 2 1,300
Leaf 25 40
Linalol Flower 2,385
Plant 5 5,900
Leaf 5,195 9,645
Linalyl-acetate Flower 4
Plant 50 505
Leaf
Linarin Plant
Monardein Flower
Myrcene Flower 30
Leaf 25 40
Plant 10 485
Naringenin Plant
Narirutin Plant
Nonanal Plant 5 50
Ocimene Leaf
Oct-1-ene-3-ol Flower 10
Leaf 200 360
Octan-3-ol Flower
Leaf
P-cymene Flower 405
Leaf 140 270
Plant 120 1,850
Pelargonin Flower
Phaeophytin Leaf
Prunin Plant
Pulegone Plant 10 120
Rosmarinic-acid Flower 18,000
Sabinene Flower 18
Leaf 100 180
Plant 35 1,230
T-sabinene-hydrate Flower 4
Leaf
Terpinolene Flower 4
Leaf 10 15
Plant 15 160
Thymol Plant 5 50
Thymol-methyl-ether Plant 50 520
Ursolic-acid Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]