Minthostachys mollis Health effects and herbal facts

Minthostachys mollis is a medicinal plant restricted to the South American Andes from Venezuela to Bolivia. It is the most variable and widely distributed species of the genus Minthostachys. It is also known by the names of tipo, tipollo, or poleo.

Minthostachys mollis

Gallery

Minthostachys mollis Minthostachys mollis Minthostachys mollis Minthostachys mollis Minthostachys mollis Minthostachys mollis Minthostachys mollis Minthostachys mollis Minthostachys mollis

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Acaricide
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Allelopathic
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Analgesic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Anesthetic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Isomenthol found in Shoot (9 ppm)
Isomenthone found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Antiallergic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Antibacillary
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Antibacillus
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Anticancer
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Antidandruff
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antihalitosic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antilisteria
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antioxidant
Isomenthone found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antipruritic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antipyretic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiradicular
Isomenthone found in Shoot (44 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Menthyl-acetate found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Neomenthol found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antitartar
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiulcer
Sabinene found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antivulvitic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Avifuge
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Bradycardic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Bronchomucolytic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Bronchomucotropic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Bronchorrheic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Carminative
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Cerebrotoxic
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Choleretic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Ciliotoxic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Congestant
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Convulsant
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Counterirritant
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Culicide
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Fungicide
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Gastrosedative
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Glutathionalytic
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Hallucinogenic
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Larvicide
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Mutagenic
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Nematicide
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Neurodepressant
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Neuropathogenic
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Nociceptive
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Menthyl-acetate found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Neomenthol found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (0.5 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Psychoactive
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Pulifuge
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Pulmonotoxic
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Refrigerant
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Rubefacient
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Termiticide
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Menthone found in Shoot (265 ppm)
Vibriocide
Menthol found in Shoot (215 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(e)-beta-ocimene Shoot 3 18
(z)-beta-ocimene Shoot 4 8
Alpha-humulene Shoot 1 5
Alpha-pinene Shoot 2 4
Beta-caryophyllene Shoot 11 32
Beta-pinene Shoot 3 5
Eo Shoot 700 900
Isomenthol Shoot 3 9
Isomenthone Shoot 23 44
Isomenthyl-acetate Shoot 95 230
Limonene Shoot 4 10
Menthol Shoot 120 215
Menthone Shoot 130 265
Menthyl-acetate Shoot 0.5 1
Myrcene Shoot 0.4 0.5
Neomenthol Shoot 180 300
Neomenthyl-acetate Shoot 16 28
Piperitone Shoot 50 100
Pulegone Shoot 3 10
Sabinene Shoot 1 2
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]