Melissa officinalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
balm beebalm lemonbalm melissa
Melissa officinalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Melissa officinalis

Food additives flavoring
Bee plants honey production
Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis Melissa officinalis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • East Europe: Belarus; Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France - Corsica; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Acaricide
Alpha-cadinol found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Acidulant
Hexanoic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Cosmosiin found in Shoot
Cynaroside found in Shoot
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Rhamnocitrin found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Allergenic
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (155 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Shoot
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Shoot
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot (1425 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Pomolic-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Isopulegol found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Geranial found in Shoot (1425 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Eugenyl-acetate found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Shoot
Antiallergic
Citral found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antiarrhythmic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Thymol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Antibacterial
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Cosmosiin found in Shoot
Dehydroabietane found in Shoot
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Geranial found in Shoot (1425 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Neral found in Shoot (1100 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Rhamnocitrin found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antibronchitic
Thymol found in Shoot
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticholinesterase
Thymol found in Shoot
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Shoot
Antidiabetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (225 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Shoot
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Rhamnocitrin found in Shoot
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Shoot (32 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antihalitosic
Thymol found in Shoot
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Shoot
Nerol found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Eugenyl-acetate found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antilepric
Thymol found in Shoot
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antimalarial
Beta-selinene found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antimange
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Antimetastatic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antimite
Alpha-cadinol found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antimutagenic
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Shoot
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antinociceptive
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Campesterol found in Tissue Culture (0.1 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Rhamnocitrin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Rhamnocitrin found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Antiplasmodial
Beta-selinene found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-elemene found in Shoot (32 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Eugenyl-acetate found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Antirheumatic
Thymol found in Shoot
Antisalmonella
Eugenol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Antiseptic
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Furfural found in Tissue Culture
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Nerol found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Rhamnocitrin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot
Antishock
Citral found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Eugenyl-acetate found in Plant
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Neral found in Shoot (1100 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Shoot
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot
Antiulcer
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Nerol found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Antiuremic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Geranial found in Shoot (1425 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Shoot
Neryl-acetate found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiyeast
Geranial found in Shoot (1425 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Shoot
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Shoot (32 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Shoot
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Bruchiphobe
Succinic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (225 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Cynaroside found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Cosmosiin found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Thymol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Candidistat
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Carminative
Copaene found in Plant (120 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Shoot
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Geranial found in Shoot (1425 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Counterirritant
Thymol found in Shoot
Culicide
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Shoot
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Cytostatic
Dehydroabietane found in Shoot
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Dentifrice
Thymol found in Shoot
Deodorant
Thymol found in Shoot
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Embryotoxic
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Emetic
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Shoot
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Shoot
Geranial found in Shoot (1425 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Expectorant
Citral found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
FLavor
3-octanol found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Furfural found in Tissue Culture
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (155 ppm)
Hexanoic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Isopulegol found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Shoot
Octanoic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Thymol found in Shoot
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Flatugenic
Stachyose found in Plant
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Furfural found in Tissue Culture
Geranial found in Shoot (1425 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Tissue Culture
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Shoot
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Shoot
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Shoot
Geranial found in Shoot (1425 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Herbicide
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Campesterol found in Tissue Culture (0.1 ppm)
Cynaroside found in Shoot
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Hypotensive
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (225 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Furfural found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Insectifuge
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Insectiphile
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (155 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Irritant
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Furfural found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Shoot
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Citral found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Shoot
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot
Nephrotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Shoot
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Perfumery
3-octanol found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-selinene found in Shoot
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Eugenyl-acetate found in Plant
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (155 ppm)
Isopulegol found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Shoot
Octanoic-acid found in Tissue Culture
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-cadinol found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Dehydroabietane found in Shoot
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Furfural found in Tissue Culture
Geranial found in Shoot (1425 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Shoot (1080 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Shoot
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Neral found in Shoot (1100 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Shoot
Octanoic-acid found in Tissue Culture
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Rhamnocitrin found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Shoot (1080 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Shoot
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Protisticide
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant (47000 ppm)
Secretogogue
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Sedative
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (155 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Shoot
Nerol found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Spasmolytic
Geranial found in Shoot (1425 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Shoot
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Teratogenic
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellal found in Shoot (2900 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Delta-cadinol found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Neral found in Shoot (1100 ppm)
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot
Tracheorelaxant
Thymol found in Shoot
Transdermal
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (0.1 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Citral found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot (65 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Shoot
Trypanocide
Citral found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Shoot
Eugenyl-acetate found in Plant
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Shoot (80 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Tissue Culture
Citral found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (8.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Catechins found in Plant (50000 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Shoot
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Shoot
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vermicide
Thymol found in Shoot
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Shoot
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Shoot (19000 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (2100 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-citronellal Shoot 2 975
1,2-humulene-epoxide Shoot 0.1
1-octen-3-ol Shoot 0 50
10-(alpha)-cadinol Plant 1 8
2-phenylethanol Tissue Culture
2z,4e,6e-allofarnesene Shoot 0.1
3-octanol Shoot 0 8
3-octanone Shoot 1 15
3e,6e-alpha-farnesene Shoot 5 40
6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one Shoot 3 24
Alpha-cadinene Shoot 0.1
Alpha-cadinol Shoot 1 120
Alpha-copaene Shoot 2 120
Alpha-cubebene Shoot 0.1 38
Alpha-humulene Shoot 1 80
Alpha-muurolene Shoot 3 24
Alpha-terpineol Shoot
Anethol Shoot
Apigenin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Shoot
Benzaldehyde Tissue Culture
Beta-bourbonene Shoot 1 48
Beta-caryophyllene Shoot 1 870
Beta-caryophyllene-epoxide-i Shoot 1 8
Beta-caryophyllene-epoxide-ii Shoot 5 40
Beta-cubebene Shoot 3 24
Beta-curcumene Shoot
Beta-elemene Shoot 4 32
Beta-guaiene Shoot 0.1
Beta-selinene Shoot
Beta-sitosterol Tissue Culture
Bicyclogermacrene Shoot 1 8
Cadina-1,4-diene Shoot 0.1
Caffeic-acid Plant 2,100
Campesterol Tissue Culture 0.1
Caryophyllene-oxide Plant 0.5 225
Catechin-tannins Shoot 30,000 50,000
Catechins Plant 30,000 50,000
Chlorogenic-acid Shoot 19,000
Cis-3-hexen-1-ol Shoot 0.1 2
Cis-ocimene Shoot 1 24
Cis-rose-oxide Shoot 0 8
Citral Shoot
Citral-a Shoot 10 700
Citral-b Shoot 15 900
Citronellal Shoot 1 2,900
Citronellic-acid Shoot 3 24
Citronellic-acid-methyl-ester Shoot 0 145
Citronellol Shoot 0 80
Copaene Plant 4 120
Cosmosiin Shoot
Cynaroside Shoot
Damascenone Shoot
Dehydroabietane Shoot
Delta-cadinene Shoot 1 145
Delta-cadinol Shoot 1 16
Delta-octalactone Tissue Culture
E-beta-fanesene Shoot 3 24
Eo Shoot 100 8,000
Eugenol Shoot
Eugenyl-acetate Plant
Eugenyl-glucoside Shoot
Fat Seed 115,000
Furfural Tissue Culture
Gamma-cadinene Shoot 1 25
Geranial Shoot 10 1,425
Geranic-acid Shoot 0.1
Geraniol Shoot 1 65
Geranyl-acetate Shoot 0.3 155
Germacra-1-(10)e,5e-dien-4-ol Shoot 30 230
Germacrene-d Shoot 0 1,080
Hexanoic-acid Tissue Culture
Isogeranial Shoot 0.4 16
Isopulegol Shoot 10 70
Isoquercitrin Shoot
Limonene Shoot 0.1
Linalool Shoot 1 80
Luteolin-7-glucoside Shoot
Methyl-citronellate Shoot 50 390
Methyl-eugenol Shoot
Methyl-geraniate Shoot 4 32
Methyl-heptenone Shoot 2 215
Myrcene Shoot 1 8
N-docosane Tissue Culture 0.1
N-eicosane Tissue Culture 0.1
N-heneicosane Tissue Culture 0.1
N-heptadecane Tissue Culture
N-hexadecane Tissue Culture
N-nonadecane Tissue Culture
N-octadecane Tissue Culture
N-pentadecane Tissue Culture
N-tetradecane Tissue Culture
N-tridecane Tissue Culture
Neral Shoot 10 1,100
Neric-acid Shoot
Nerol Shoot 1 24
Neryl-acetate Shoot
Octanoic-acid Tissue Culture
Octyl-benzoate Plant 2.6 80
Oleanolic-acid Shoot
P-coumaric-acid Shoot 8.3
P-cymol Shoot 0.1
Pomolic-acid Shoot
Protein Seed 293,000
Protocatechuic-acid Plant
Pulegol Shoot
Rhamnazin Plant
Rhamnocitrin Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid Leaf
Plant 8,400 47,000
Stachyose Plant
Succinic-acid Plant
T-cadinol Shoot 3 24
T-muurolol Shoot 5 40
Thymol Shoot
Trans-ocimene Plant 1 250
Trans-rose-oxide Shoot 0 4
Ursolic-acid Plant
Wax Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]