Melilotus officinalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
common melilot field melilot ribbed melilot yellow melilot yellow sweet-clover yellow trefoil

Melilotus officinalis, known as yellow sweet clover, yellow melilot, ribbed melilot and common melilot is a species of legume native to Eurasia and introduced in North America, Africa and Australia.

Melilotus officinalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Melilotus officinalis

Food additives flavoring
Bee plants honey production
Environmental soil improver
Animal food foder forage
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Melilotus officinalis Melilotus officinalis Melilotus officinalis Melilotus officinalis Melilotus officinalis Melilotus officinalis Melilotus officinalis Melilotus officinalis Melilotus officinalis Melilotus officinalis Melilotus officinalis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Northern Africa: Morocco
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Gauteng, Western Cape
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq ; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • China: China
    Naturalized
    • Western Asia: Lebanon
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir; Pakistan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Allelochemic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
O-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Syringic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Medicarpin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anesthetic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Myricetin found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Melilotin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Myricetin found in Flower
Antiallergic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiatherosclerotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Medicarpin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Flower
O-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Sinapic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antidiuretic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antieczemic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Diosgenin found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Antifeedant
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Myricetin found in Flower
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Shoot
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Antimelanomic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antimitotic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Saponins found in Leaf
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antineuralgic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Antioxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechualdehyde found in Plant ;found in Shoot (50 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Sinapic-acid found in Shoot
Syringic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Shoot
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipyretic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Antirheumatic
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiseborrheic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Antisickling
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antistress
Diosgenin found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Medicarpin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Antitussive
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiulcer
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Melilotic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Medicarpin found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Astringent
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Bacteristat
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Bruchiphobe
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Sinapic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Candidicide
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cardiodepressant
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Cardiotonic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Medicarpin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
DME-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Dermatitigenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Emetic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Medicarpin found in Leaf
O-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Sinapic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Diosgenin found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hypnotic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Diosgenin found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hypotensive
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Saponins found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Juvabional
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Larvistat
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Laxative
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Lymphocytogenic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Mastogenic
Diosgenin found in Seed (1000 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Narcotic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Nematicide
Medicarpin found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Pesticide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Medicarpin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Flower
O-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Sinapic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Phagocytotic
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Phytoalexin
Medicarpin found in Leaf
Piscicide
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Medicarpin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Secretogogue
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (5400 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant (2000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot
Syringic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot
Ulcerogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (12.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3,4-dihydroxy-benzoic-aldehyde Plant
4-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Shoot
Acetylsoyasaponin-i Root 9
Azukisaponin-v Plant
Shoot
Caffeic-acid Plant
Shoot
Coumaric-acid Plant
Coumarin Flower
Stem
Shoot 500 5,400
Leaf
Plant 2,000
Dehydro-soyasaponin-i Root 9
Diosgenin Seed 1,000
Eo Flower 130
Fat Seed 19,000 83,000
Ferulic-acid Plant
Shoot
Galactomannan Seed
Gallic-acid Shoot
Gentisic-acid Shoot
Hydrocoumarin Plant
Kaempferol Flower
Leaf
Shoot 12.5
Medicarpin Leaf
Melilotic-acid Plant
Shoot
Melilotic-acid-ester Plant
Melilotigenin Inflorescence 62.5
Melilotin Leaf
Melilotoside Leaf
Myricetin Flower
O-coumaric-acid Plant
Shoot
Oleanolic-acid Leaf
P-coumaric-acid Plant
Shoot
P-hydroxyphenylacetic-acid Shoot
P-hydroxyphenyllactic-acid Shoot
Protein Seed 128,000 416,000
Protocatechualdehyde Plant
Shoot 50
Protocatechuic-acid Shoot
Quercetin Flower
Leaf
Salicylic-acid Plant
Shoot
Sapogenins Leaf
Saponins Leaf
Sinapic-acid Shoot
Soyasapogenol-b Shoot 250
Soyasapogenol-e Shoot 13
Soyasaponin-i Root 200
Syringic-acid Shoot
Vanillic-acid Shoot
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]