Manihot esculenta Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Brazilian arrowroot cassava manioc manioc tapioca tapioca tapioca-plant
Manihot esculenta

Medical use

Gallery

Manihot esculenta Manihot esculenta Manihot esculenta Manihot esculenta Manihot esculenta Manihot esculenta Manihot esculenta Manihot esculenta Manihot esculenta Manihot esculenta

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela - Amazonas
    • Brazil: Brazil - Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Goias, Mato Grosso, Para, Rondonia, Roraima, Tocantins
    • Western South America: Bolivia - La Paz; Peru - Loreto, San Martin

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (220 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (828400 ppm)
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Root (171 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Root (2065 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Root (7.5 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Root (1900 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (2130 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Root (2030 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (2130 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Root (114 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Root (2030 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Root (3175 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Root (114 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Root (1430 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Copper found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Hcn found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Root (32 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Root (114 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Root (114 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (1900 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Copper found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antidote
Hcn found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (2130 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Root (9970 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2030 ppm)
Leucine found in Root (2860 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (1270 ppm)
Valine found in Root (2510 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (14925 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Copper found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2030 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Root (9970 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Lysine found in Root (3175 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Root (2065 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (14925 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Root (9970 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Root (9970 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Root (9970 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Copper found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (14925 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Root (114 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Root (5750 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (828400 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Boron found in Root (7.5 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Boron found in Root (7.5 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Copper found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2800 ppm);found in Root (2225 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Root (2765 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (1430 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Root (32 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (1900 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (1270 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Root (1935 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (1270 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Root (2130 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (14925 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2030 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Root (2030 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Root (14925 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Root (171 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Root (2030 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (1900 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (77 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Antitussive
Hcn found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2030 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (1430 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (2065 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (1270 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (77 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Root (32 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Root (1900 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (14925 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2800 ppm);found in Root (2225 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Root (9970 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (171 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Root (32 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Root (32 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Root (2765 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2030 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Serine found in Root (2415 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (1270 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (77 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Root (32 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Copper found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Choleretic
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Root (220 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Root (9970 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (505 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (828400 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (77 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Root (1430 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Root (1935 ppm)
Leucine found in Root (2860 ppm)
Lysine found in Root (3175 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (2065 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Valine found in Root (2510 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Root (7.5 ppm)
FLavor
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (220 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (2065 ppm)
Valine found in Root (2510 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Root (171 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (171 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Root (32 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (2655 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Root (9970 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Root (3175 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Copper found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (220 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Copper found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2800 ppm);found in Root (2225 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (505 ppm)
Insecticide
Hcn found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Irritant
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Root (171 ppm)
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (505 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (505 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (220 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Root (1900 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (1270 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Root (9970 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (5750 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Root (2030 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (14925 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2800 ppm);found in Root (2225 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Root (2765 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (1430 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Perfumery
Mufa found in Root (3300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (220 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Root (77 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Hcn found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Root (171 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Root (7.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Root (9970 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (828400 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Root (114 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (1400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (220 ppm)
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (171 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (5750 ppm)
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root (3015 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Root (9970 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root (220 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Root (1900 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Root (1365 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.5 ppm);found in Root (150 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2030 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Root (825 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Root (171 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Root (9970 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (2890 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (88600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root (44 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (24260 ppm)
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (1530 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alanine Root 870 2,765
Aluminum Root 10 77
Arginine Root 3,140 9,970
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 800 10,000
Root 97 1,530
Ash Leaf 27,000 135,000
Root 5,000 34,300
Aspartic-acid Root 1,810 5,750
Beta-carotene Root 0 0.5
Root 14 150
Boron Root 0.6 7.5
Calcium Leaf 1,450 10,000
Root 190 2,890
Calcium-oxalate Root 170 505
Carbohydrates Root 269,200 854,875
Citrates Root 2,580 11,480
Copper Root 1 3.8
Cystine Root 650 2,065
Dehydroascorbic-acid Root 52 154
Fat Leaf 2,000 20,000
Root 1,000 12.385
Fiber Root 21,000 88,600
Glutamic-acid Root 4,700 14,925
Glycine Root 640 2,030
Hcn Leaf 180 1,800
Histidine Root 450 1,430
Iron Leaf 28 1,500
Root 2 114
Isoleucine Root 610 1,935
Kilocalories Leaf 498 3,957
Root 1,200 3,810
Lauric-acid Root 10 32
Leucine Root 900 2,860
Linoleic-acid Root 440 1,400
Linolenic-acid Root 230 730
Lysine Root 1,000 3,175
Magnesium Root 290 2,100
Malates Root 2,060 6,095
Manganese Root 0.5 2.5
Methionine Root 260 825
Mufa Root 1,040 3,300
Niacin Leaf 15 75
Root 6 44
Oleic-acid Root 1,040 3,300
Oxalate Root 150 1,420
Oxalic-acid Root 171
Palmitic-acid Root 950 3,015
Phenylalanine Root 600 1,900
Phosphorus Leaf 560 2,800
Root 310 2,225
Potassium Root 2,380 24,260
Proline Root 760 2,415
Protein Leaf 51,000 300,000
Root 4,000 98,445
Pufa Root 670 2,130
Riboflavin Leaf 3 15
Root 0.2 3.2
Serine Root 760 2,415
Sfa Root 1,030 3,270
Sodium Root 62 2,655
Starch Root 280,000 828,400
Stearic-acid Root 70 220
Succinates Root 3,430 10,150
Sugars Root 3,400 33,730
Sulfur Root 54 250
Thiamin Leaf 2 10
Root 0.3 7.1
Threonine Root 650 2,065
Tryptophan Root 430 1,365
Tyrosine Root 400 1,270
Valine Root 790 2,510
Water Leaf 748,000 810,000
Root 607,000 694,250
Zinc Root 4 19
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]