Malva sylvestris Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
blue mallow cheeses common mallow forest mallow high mallow tall mallow

Malva sylvestris is a species of the mallow genus Malva in the family of Malvaceae and is considered to be the type species for the genus. Known as common mallow to English speaking Europeans, it acquired the common names of cheeses, high mallow and tall mallow as it migrated from its native home in Western Europe, North Africa and Asia through the English speaking world. M. sylvestris is a vigorously healthy plant with showy flowers of bright mauve-purple, with dark veins; a handsome plant, often standing 3 or 4 feet high and growing freely in fields, hedgerows and in fallow fields.

Malva sylvestris

Medical use

Economic importance of Malva sylvestris

Environmental ornamental
Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris Malva sylvestris

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (440 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (440 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antiapoptotic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticancer
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (440 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (440 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticollegenase
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antielastase
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antifertility
Malvidin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Antihyperinsulinemic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antihyperleptinemic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (440 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antimyopic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Antiobesity
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Malvidin found in Plant
Malvin found in Flower (35000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Malvidin found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antiplaque
Malvidin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Antitumor
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antiviral
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Mucilage found in Flower (100000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Flower (100000 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Hemostat
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Mucilage found in Flower (100000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
NO-Scavenger
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Pesticide
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Pigment
Malvidin found in Plant
Malvin found in Flower (35000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (440 ppm)
Malvidin found in Plant
Sedative
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (390 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Vasoactive
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10715 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (107000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Vasoprotective
Anthocyanins found in Flower (70000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2855 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Anthocyanins Flower 70,000
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 240 2,855
Ash Leaf 13,000 155,000
Beta-carotene Leaf 33 390
Calcium Leaf 900 10,715
Carbohydrates Leaf 21,000 250,000
D-galactose Plant
Fat Leaf 14,000
Seed 97,000 167,000
Fiber Leaf 9,000 107,000
Galacturonic-acid Plant
Gossypetin-3-glucoside-8-glucuronide Leaf
Gossypin-3-sulfate Plant
Hypolaetin-8-glucuronide Leaf
Hypoletin-8-o-beta-d-glucoside-3'-sulfate Plant
Iron Leaf 37 440
Kilocalories Leaf 280 3,330
L-arabinose Plant
L-rhamnose Plant
Leucocyanidins Flower 1,000
Malvidin Plant
Malvidin-3,5-diglucoside Flower 35,000
Malvidin-3-glucosides Flower
Malvin Flower 35,000
Mucilage Flower 80,000 100,000
Niacin Leaf 4 60
Nitrogen Leaf 3,300
Phosphorus Leaf 360 5,000
Protein Leaf 36,000 429,000
Seed 190,000 198,000
Riboflavin Leaf 2 35
Thiamin Leaf 1 20
Water Leaf 920,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]