Magnolia kobus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Kobus magnolia

Magnolia kobus, known as the Kobushi Magnolia, is a species of Magnolia native to Japan and occasionally cultivated in temperate areas. It is a deciduous, small to tall tree which has a slow rate of growth but can reach 8–15 m in height and up to 10 m in spread.

Magnolia kobus

Medical use

Economic importance of Magnolia kobus

Environmental ornamental

Gallery

Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Flower
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Syringin found in Bark
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Acaricide
Eugenol found in Flower
Adaptogenic
Syringin found in Bark
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Allelopathic
Camphor found in Flower
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Anesthetic
Camphor found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Flower (0.55 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiTNF
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Flower (320 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Antianemic
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Iron found in Flower (320 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Flower (320 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Flower (320 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Syringin found in Bark
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidementia
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Pinitol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Flower
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Flower
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Camphor found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Pinitol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Flower
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihangover
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotic
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Magnosalin found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Flower (320 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Flower
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Flower
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Antioxidant
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Campesterol found in Seed
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Flower
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Flower
Syringin found in Bark
Antiradicular
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antishock
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Syringin found in Bark
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Flower
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antitumor
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antiulcer
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiyeast
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Flower
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Astringent
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Camphor found in Flower
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Candidicide
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Carminative
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Camphor found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Convulsant
Camphor found in Flower
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Flower
Counterirritant
Camphor found in Flower
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Binder
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Decongestant
Camphor found in Flower
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Deliriant
Camphor found in Flower
Deodorant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Digestive
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Flower
Emetic
Camphor found in Flower
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Flower
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Flower
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Estrogenic
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Camphor found in Flower
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Pinitol found in Leaf
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Fungicide
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Capric-acid found in Flower
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Gastrostimulant
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Flower (71 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Hypothermic
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Syringin found in Bark
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Syringin found in Bark
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Camphor found in Flower
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Pinitol found in Leaf
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Camphor found in Flower
Capric-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Flower
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Lactagogue
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Flower
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Flower
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Mutagenic
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
Camphor found in Flower
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Nephroprotective
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Nephrotoxic
Mercury found in Flower (0.14 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Neurotropic
Syringin found in Bark
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Flower
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Pesticide
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Arsenic found in Flower (0.55 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Capric-acid found in Flower
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower
Pinitol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Iron found in Flower (320 ppm)
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Flower
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Flower
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Flower
Rubefacient
Camphor found in Flower
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Secretogogue
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Secretolytic
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Flower
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Sweetener
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Sympathomimetic
Anethole found in Leaf Essent. Oil
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratogenic
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Flower
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Tonic
Syringin found in Bark
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Trichomonicide
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Flower
Trypanocide
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Flower
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Citral found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Flower
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Flower
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Flower
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Flower
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Flower
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (500 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
16-hentriacontanol Seed
16-hentriacontanone Seed
Alpha-pinene Flower
Anethole Leaf Essent. Oil
Arsenic Flower 0.55
Beta-sitosterol Seed
Caffeic-acid Plant
Calcium Flower 8,040
Campesterol Seed
Camphor Flower
Capric-acid Flower
Cineole Flower
Citral Leaf Essent. Oil
Copper Flower 16
Cyanidin-glycoside Flower
Fruit
Eugenol Flower
Iron Flower 320
Kaempferol Plant
Kobusinin-a Plant
Kobusinin-b Plant
Magnesium Flower 2,120
Magnosalin Flower
Manganese Flower 42
Mercury Flower 0.14
Methyl-chavicol Flower
Oleic-acid Flower
Paeonidin-glycoside Flower
Fruit
Pinitol Leaf
Potassium Flower 9,780
Quercetin Plant
Rutin Flower 500
Salicifolin Bark 1,800
Sodium Flower 71
Stigmasterol Seed
Syringin Bark
Zinc Flower 25
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]