Magnolia denudata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
lilytree

Magnolia denudata, known as the Yulan magnolia, is native to central and eastern China. It has been cultivated in Chinese Buddhist temple gardens since 600 AD. Its flowers were regarded as a symbol of purity in the Tang Dynasty and it was planted in the grounds of the Emperor's palace. It is the official city flower of Shanghai.

Magnolia denudata

Medical use

Economic importance of Magnolia denudata

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Magnolia denudata Magnolia denudata Magnolia denudata Magnolia denudata Magnolia denudata Magnolia denudata Magnolia denudata Magnolia denudata Magnolia denudata Magnolia denudata Magnolia denudata Magnolia denudata Magnolia denudata

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Cyanidin found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Camphene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Geranyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Analgesic
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Flower (0.55 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Flower
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Elemol found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Flower (320 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianemic
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Iron found in Flower (320 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Flower
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Sabinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Rutin found in Flower
Anticanker
Iron found in Flower (320 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Flower
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Flower (320 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Flower
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Rutin found in Flower
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidementia
Rutin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Pinitol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Flower
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Pinitol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Neryl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Antihangover
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Flower
Antihepatotoxic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antiherpetic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antimalarial
Beta-selinene found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Flower (320 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Flower
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Cyanidin found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipeptic
Beta-eudesmol found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Beta-selinene found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Beta-elemene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Flower
Antiradicular
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Antisalmonella
Beta-eudesmol found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Sabinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Delta-cadinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Flower
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Flower
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Flower
Antitic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Beta-eudesmol found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Elemol found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Sabinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Flower
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Neryl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Astringent
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Beta-eudesmol found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower
Denudatin-b found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Plant
Candidistat
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Capillariprotective
Leucocyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Rutin found in Flower
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Collagenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Flower
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
DNA-Binder
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Deodorant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Camphene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Pinitol found in Bark
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Camphene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Citronellyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Geranyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Neryl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Plant
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Fungistat
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Hepatocarcinogenic
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Hepatoprotective
Beta-eudesmol found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Histaminic
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Flower (71 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Flower (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Hypothermic
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Camphene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Pinitol found in Bark
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Geranyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Rutin found in Flower
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Citronellyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Laxative
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Rutin found in Flower
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Nephrotoxic
Mercury found in Flower (0.14 ppm)
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Flower
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Beta-selinene found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Geranyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Neryl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Sabinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Arsenic found in Flower (0.55 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Camphene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower
Cyanidin found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Germacrene-d found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Plant ;found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower
Myrcene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Neryl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Pinitol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Plant ;found in Bulb
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Iron found in Flower (320 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Flower
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Flower (16 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Beta-eudesmol found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Geranyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb ;found in Twig
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Bulb
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Camphene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Flower
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Limonene found in Bark ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig ;found in Flower
P-cymene found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf ;found in Flower ;found in Bulb
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Flower (8040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (2120 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9780 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Flower
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark ;found in Bulb ;found in Flower ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Bark
Bulb
Leaf
Twig
Flower
1-terpinen-4-ol Bark
Twig
Leaf
Bulb
Flower
Alpha-copaene Bark
Twig
Leaf
Flower
Bulb
Alpha-humulene Bark
Flower
Twig
Leaf
Bulb
Alpha-muurolene Bulb
Twig
Leaf
Flower
Alpha-pinene Bark
Twig
Leaf
Flower
Bulb
Alpha-terpinene Bark
Twig
Leaf
Bulb
Alpha-terpineol Bark
Bulb
Flower
Twig
Leaf
Arsenic Flower 0.55
Beta-bourbonene Bark
Flower
Bulb
Twig
Beta-caryophyllene Bark
Flower
Twig
Leaf
Bulb
Beta-elemene Bark
Twig
Leaf
Bulb
Beta-eudesmol Bark
Leaf
Twig
Flower
Bulb
Beta-pinene Bark
Twig
Leaf
Flower
Bulb
Beta-selinene Bulb
Twig
Leaf
Flower
Bornyl-acetate Bark
Bulb
Twig
Leaf
Flower
Burchellin Leaf
Calamenene Bulb
Leaf
Calcium Flower 8,040
Camphene Bark
Twig
Bulb
Leaf
Flower
Caryophyllene-oxide Bark
Twig
Leaf
Bulb
Flower
Cineole Flower
Cis-3-hexen-1-ol Bud
Bark
Leaf
Flower
Citronellyl-acetate Bark
Leaf
Twig
Bulb
Flower
Copper Flower 16
Cyanidin Plant
Cyanidin-glycoside Flower
Fruit
D-trans-nerolidol Bark
Twig
Leaf
Flower
Bulb
D-veraguensin Leaf
Delta-cadinene Bark
Bulb
Flower
Leaf
Twig
Denudatin-a Leaf
Denudatin-b Leaf
Denudatone Leaf
Elemol Bark
Twig
Bulb
Leaf
Flower
Futoenone Leaf
Gamma-muurolene Bulb
Twig
Leaf
Flower
Gamma-terpinene Bark
Leaf
Geranyl-acetate Bark
Flower
Leaf
Bulb
Twig
Germacrene-d Bark
Leaf
Twig
Plant
Bulb
Iron Flower 320
Kaempferol Plant
L-linalol Bark
Flower
Twig
Leaf
Bulb
L-magnocurarine Bark
Leucocyanidin Leaf
Limonene Bark
Flower
Bulb
Leaf
Twig
Magnesium Flower 2,120
Magnoflorin Root
Manganese Flower 42
Mercury Flower 0.14
Methyl-chavicol Flower
Myrcene Bark
Flower
Leaf
Bulb
Twig
N-hexanol Leaf
N-nonadecane Leaf Essent. Oil
N-pentadecane Leaf Essent. Oil
Neryl-acetate Bark
Bulb
Twig
Leaf
Flower
P-cymen-8-ol Bulb
Leaf
Flower
P-cymene Bark
Twig
Leaf
Flower
Bulb
Paeonidin-glycoside Flower
Fruit
Pinitol Bark
Potassium Flower 9,780
Quercetin Plant
Rutin Flower
Sabinene Bark
Bulb
Twig
Leaf
Flower
Salicifolin Bark
Sodium Flower 71
Zinc Flower 25
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]