Lythrum salicaria Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
purple loosestrife purple lythrum spiked loosestrife

Lythrum salicaria is a flowering plant belonging to the family Lythraceae. It should not be confused with other plants sharing the name loosestrife that are members of the family Primulaceae. Other names include spiked loosestrife, or purple lythrum.

Lythrum salicaria

Medical use

Economic importance of Lythrum salicaria

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
    Naturalized
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Western Cape
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Primorye, Sakhalin
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Chile

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Vitexin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Vitexin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Allelopathic
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Analgesic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ant-Repellent
Loliolide found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiapoptotic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Vitexin found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antibradiquinic
Vitexin found in Leaf
Anticancer
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Anticataract
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Anticollegenase
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Vitexin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antielastase
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antigallstone
Pectin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Pectin found in Leaf
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Vitexin found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Antihyperinsulinemic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Antihyperleptinemic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Orientin found in Leaf
Vitexin found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antilithic
Pectin found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antimyopic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Antiobesity
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Orientin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiserotoninic
Vitexin found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antisunburn
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Vitexin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antitumor
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antitussive
Pectin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Antiviral
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Aphidifuge
Vitexin found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Orientin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Clastogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Collagen-Sparing
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Demulcent
Pectin found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Diuretic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fungicide
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Hemostat
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Vitexin found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
NO-Scavenger
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Leaf
Pesticide
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Loliolide found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Pectin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sunscreen
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Thyroid-Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Vitexin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Vasoactive
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Vasoprotective
Anthocyanins found in Flower (10000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (137000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Root (85000 ppm);found in Stem (105000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Orientin found in Leaf
Vitexin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Anthocyanins Flower 10,000
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Butyl-phthalate Plant
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Cyanidin-3-monogalactoside Flower
Dibutyl-phthalate Plant
Diisobutyl-phthalate Plant
Ellagic-acid Leaf
Gallotannins Leaf
Isobutyl-phthalate Plant
Loliolide Plant
Malvidin-3,5-diglucoside Flower
Narcissin Plant
Orientin Leaf
P-coumaric-acid Leaf
Pectin Leaf
Salicarin Plant
Tannin Flower 137,000
Leaf 120,000
Root 85,000
Stem 105,000
Vitexin Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]