Lycopus virginicus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bugleweed water horehound water-bugle

Lycopus virginicus is a species of flowering plant in the mint family known by many common names, including Virginia water horehound, American water hoarhound, sweet bugleweed, water bugle, carpenter's herb, green archangel, purple archangel, Paul's betony, woodbetony, wolf foot, and Egyptian's herb. It is native to North America, where it is widespread in eastern Canada and the eastern United States. This is a perennial herb with a hairy, squared stem reaching a meter tall. The oppositely arranged leaves have oval to lance-shaped blades with toothed edges. The leaves are dark green or purple. Clusters of tiny white or pink-tinged flowers occur in the leaf axils. The plant has a mint scent and a bitter taste. This species can be easily confused with Lycopus uniflorus. The latter has stamens exserted from the flowers, while the stamens of L. virginicus are included. The two species may hybridize, producing Lycopus × sherardii. Habitat types include damp, shady places. It can be found in riparian zones, such as floodplains. It grows in wet spots in forests, woodlands, and swamps. This plant has had uses in traditional herbal medicine.

Lycopus virginicus

Medical use

Economic importance of Lycopus virginicus

Medicines folklore

Gallery

Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus Lycopus virginicus

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (8 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Anticataract
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Anticolitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antigonadotrophic
Lithospermic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antilithic
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antinephritic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antioxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Plant (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antipyretic
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antishock
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Lithospermic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiuremic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Apoptotic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Avifuge
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Lithospermic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Cerebrotoxic
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Emetic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Encephalopathic
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (8 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Glutathionalytic
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Hallucinogenic
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Histaminic
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Germacrene-d found in Plant (130 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (14 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Plant (130 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Pulifuge
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Pulmonotoxic
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Pulegone found in Plant (24 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (8 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (666 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (498 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (26 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (18 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Plant 7 18
Alpha-pinene Plant 266 666
Beta-bourbonene Plant 53 132
Beta-pinene Plant 199 498
Caffeic-acid Plant
Camphene Plant 3 8
Caryophyllene Plant 30 80
Chlorogenic-acid Plant
Cis-isopulegone Plant 2 4
Delta-cadinene Plant 16 40
Ellagic-acid Plant
Eo Plant 800 2,000
Gallic-acid Plant
Gamma-muurolene Plant 5 12
Germacrene-d Plant 52 130
Limonene Plant 10 26
Linalol Plant 20 50
Lithospermic-acid Plant
Root
Lycopin Plant
Myrcene Plant 6 14
Pulegone Plant 10 24
Rosmarinic-acid Plant
Tannic-acid Plant
Tannin Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]