Lycium barbarum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Barbary matrimony-vine Chinese boxthorn Chinese wolfberry Duke of Argyll's teaplant Duke of Argyll's teatree goji-berry Himalayan goji matrimony-vine Tibetan goji

Lycium barbarum is one of two species of boxthorn in the family Solanaceae from which the wolfberry or goji berry is harvested, the other being Lycium chinense. It is native to southeastern Europe and Asia. It is also known as Chinese wolfberry, Chinese boxthorn, Himalayan goji, Tibetan goji, mede berry, barbary matrimony vine, Duke of Argyll's tea tree, Duke of Argyll's tea plant, Murali, red medlar, or matrimony vine.

Lycium barbarum

Medical use

Economic importance of Lycium barbarum

Human food fruit
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Gansu, Hebei , Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shanxi , Sichuan, Xinjiang
    Cultivated
    • China: China

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Allelochemic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Analeptic
Gaba found in Fruit
Analgesic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Anesthetic
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Fruit
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antiaflatoxin
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antiaging
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Choline found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antiarthritic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Hcn found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antibacterial
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Fruit
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Fruit
Anticervicaldysplasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antichoreic
Choline found in Plant
Gaba found in Fruit
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Gaba found in Fruit
Anticorneitic
Taurine found in Fruit
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Plant
Antidementia
Choline found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Choline found in Plant
Antidote
Hcn found in Leaf
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Plant
Antiedemic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Antifeedant
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antigastritic
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Taurine found in Fruit
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Plant
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antiinsomniac
Gaba found in Fruit
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Fruit
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antilithic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Plant
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (12000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Cryptoxanthin found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Plant
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Fruit (3700 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Taurine found in Fruit
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antiprostaglandin
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antiradicular
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antiseptic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antispasmodic
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Plant
Antistress
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Fruit
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Antitussive
Hcn found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Gaba found in Fruit
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Apoptotic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Leaf
Bruchifuge
Xanthophyll found in Fruit
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Scopoletin found in Fruit
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Fruit
CNS-Stimulant
Scopoletin found in Fruit
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Fruit (3700 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Serine found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Taurine found in Fruit
Cardiac
Taurine found in Fruit
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Fruit
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Cholagogue
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Choleretic
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Cholinergic
Choline found in Plant
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Physalien found in Fruit
Zeaxanthin found in Fruit
Cytotoxic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Diuretic
Arginine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
Expectorant
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
FLavor
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Fungicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Zeaxanthin found in Fruit
Zeaxanthin-dipalmitate found in Fruit
Herbicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Taurine found in Fruit
Hypoglycemic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Hypotensive
Choline found in Plant
Gaba found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Insecticide
Hcn found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Xanthophyll found in Fruit
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Laxative
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Memorigenic
Choline found in Plant
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Myorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Fruit
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (12000 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Fruit
Neurotoxic
Gaba found in Fruit
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Gaba found in Fruit
Oxidant
Alanine found in Fruit (3700 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Plant
Pesticide
Betaine found in Fruit (10000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Hcn found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Xanthophyll found in Fruit
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Zeaxanthin found in Fruit
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Leaf
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (12000 ppm)
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Leaf
Sedative
Gaba found in Fruit
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Gaba found in Fruit
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (90 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Fruit
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Leaf
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Vitamin-A-Activity
Cryptoxanthin found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alanine Fruit 3,700
Amino-acids Fruit 80,000 188,000
Leaf 4,700 170,000
Arginine Fruit 1,900
Aspartic-acid Fruit 12,000
Beta-carotene Fruit 75 90
Betaine Fruit 10,000
Carbohydrates Fruit 580,000 640,000
Choline Plant
Cinnamic-acid Fruit
Cryptoxanthin Fruit
Fats Fruit 80,000 120,000
Free-amino-acids Fruit 40,000 50,000
Gaba Fruit
Glutamic-acid Fruit 6,300
Glycoproteins Fruit
Hcn Leaf
Physalien Fruit
Polysaccharides Fruit 54,000 82,000
Proline Fruit 6,500
Protein Fruit 110,000 200,000
Scopoletin Fruit
Serine Fruit 1,400
Sugars Fruit 470,000 560,000
Taurine Fruit
Xanthophyll Fruit
Zeaxanthin Fruit
Zeaxanthin-dipalmitate Fruit
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]