Lippia graveolens Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Mexican oregano Mexican-sage

Lippia graveolens, a species of flowering plant in the verbena family, Verbenaceae, is native to the southwestern United States, Mexico, and Central America as far south as Nicaragua. Common names include Mexican oregano, redbrush lippia, orégano Cimmaron, scented lippia, and scented matgrass. The specific epithet is derived from two Latin words: gravis, meaning "heavy", and oleo, meaning "scented". It is a shrub or small tree, reaching 1–2.7 m in height. Fragrant white or yellowish flowers can be found on the plant throughout the year, especially after rains.

Lippia graveolens

Medical use

Economic importance of Lippia graveolens

Food additives flavoring
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Lippia graveolens Lippia graveolens Lippia graveolens Lippia graveolens Lippia graveolens Lippia graveolens Lippia graveolens Lippia graveolens Lippia graveolens Lippia graveolens

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico , Texas
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Federal District, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Acaricide
Thymol found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Allergenic
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Analgesic
Thymol found in Leaf
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Leaf
Anesthetic
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Pinocembrin found in Root (95 ppm);found in Shoot (105 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Leaf
Anthelmintic
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antiacne
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antiamnesic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antiamyloid-Beta
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Pinocembrin found in Root (95 ppm);found in Shoot (105 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
Thymol found in Leaf
Anticancer
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Thymol found in Leaf
Anticholinesterase
Thymol found in Leaf
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antihalitosic
Thymol found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antilepric
Thymol found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Pinocembrin found in Root (95 ppm);found in Shoot (105 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antiperoxidative
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antiplaque
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antirheumatic
Thymol found in Leaf
Antisalmonella
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Pinocembrin found in Root (95 ppm);found in Shoot (105 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antisindhis
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antitumor
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antitussive
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Antiviral
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Artemicide
Pinocembrin found in Root (95 ppm);found in Shoot (105 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Candidicide
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Pinocembrin found in Root (95 ppm);found in Shoot (105 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Carminative
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Choleretic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Counterirritant
Thymol found in Leaf
Culicide
Thymol found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Pinocembrin found in Root (95 ppm);found in Shoot (105 ppm)
Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Dentifrice
Thymol found in Leaf
Deodorant
Thymol found in Leaf
Dermatitigenic
Thymol found in Leaf
Embryotoxic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Expectorant
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
FLavor
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Fungicide
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Pinocembrin found in Root (95 ppm);found in Shoot (105 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Fungistat
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Insecticide
Thymol found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Irritant
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Larvicide
Thymol found in Leaf
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Thymol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Perfumery
Thymol found in Leaf
Pesticide
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Pinocembrin found in Root (95 ppm);found in Shoot (105 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Sedative
Thymol found in Leaf
Serotonin-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Teratogenic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Trichomonicide
Carvacrol found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Leaf
Uterotrophic
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Varroacide
Thymol found in Leaf
Vermicide
Thymol found in Leaf
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Root (85 ppm);found in Shoot (70 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Carvacrol Leaf
Lapachenole Root 210
Shoot 40
Naringenin Root 85
Shoot 70
Pinocembrin Root 95
Shoot 105
Thymol Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]