Ligustrum lucidum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
broadleaf privet Chinese privet Chinese wax-leaf privet giant privet glossy privet large-leaf privet ligustrum tree privet white waxtree

Ligustrum lucidum is a species of flowering plant, a privet in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United States. The Latin lucidum means bright or shiny, and refers to the glossy leaves.

Ligustrum lucidum

Medical use

Economic importance of Ligustrum lucidum

Environmental ornamental
Invertebrate food wax insects
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • South America

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
ACE-Inhibitor
Oleuropein found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Cosmosiin found in Leaf
Cynaroside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Analgesic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Fruit (0.6 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Fruit
AntiHIV
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Antianemic
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleuropein found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Cosmosiin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Anticancer
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Fruit
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antidementia
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antifatigue
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antihangover
Fructose found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleuropein found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antilepric
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Fruit
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleuropein found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Tyrosol found in Pericarp ;found in Seed
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiperoxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipolio
Cyanin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiradicular
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiseptic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ethyl-acetate found in Fruit Essent. Oil (189500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleuropein found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antistress
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antitumor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Antiulcer
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Cyanin found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Astringent
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Bacteristat
Oleuropein found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Fruit
CNS-Depressant
Ethyl-acetate found in Fruit Essent. Oil (189500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
COX-2-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Cynaroside found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Cosmosiin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Carminative
Ethyl-acetate found in Fruit Essent. Oil (189500 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Leaf
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Collagenic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Contraceptive
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Fruit
Coronary-Dilator
Oleuropein found in Fruit
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Deodorant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Fruit
Diuretic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Emetic
Cyanin found in Fruit
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
FLavor
Ethyl-acetate found in Fruit Essent. Oil (189500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Fungicide
Quercetin found in Fruit
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Cynaroside found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleuropein found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Insecticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Fruit
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Fruit
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Fruit
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Fruit
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Pesticide
Arsenic found in Fruit (0.6 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Cyanin found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Pigment
Cyanin found in Fruit
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Fruit
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Prooxidant
Iron found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Protisticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Respirotoxic
Ethyl-acetate found in Fruit Essent. Oil (189500 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Sedative
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Stimulant
Ethyl-acetate found in Fruit Essent. Oil (189500 ppm)
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Leaf
Sweetener
Fructose found in Fruit
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleuropein found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit (80400 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit (0.3 ppm);found in Plant
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-taxifolin Fruit
(dl)-eriodictyol Fruit
(z)-1-(1-ethoxy-ethoxy)-3-hexene Fruit Essent. Oil 18,900
1,2-diphenyl-1,2-ethanediol Fruit Essent. Oil 39,200
1-methyl-1-propyl-hydrazine Fruit Essent. Oil 26,000
1-phenyl-1,2-butanediol Fruit Essent. Oil 41,200
10-hydroxy-ligustroside Fruit
10-hydroxyoleuropein Fruit
2-alpha-hydroxy-3-beta-(4-hydroxy-trans-cinnamoyl-oxy)-oleanolic-acid Plant
3-4-dihydroxy-phenethyl-alcohol Fruit
4-acetyloxy-2-butanone Fruit Essent. Oil 54,600
4-hydroxy-beta-phenylethyl-beta-d-glucoside Fruit
Acetyl-oleanolic-acid Fruit
Acetylursolic-acid Fruit
Alpha-alpha-4-trimethyl-3-cyclohexen-methanol Fruit Essent. Oil 32,400
Alpha-butylbenzene-methanol Fruit Essent. Oil 56,000
Alpha-mannitol Fruit
Apigetrin Leaf
Arsenic Fruit 0.6
Beta-sitosterol Fruit
Calcium Fruit 3,040
Chrysanthemin Fruit
Copper Fruit 12
Cosmosiin Leaf
Cyanidin-3-o-beta-d-rutinoside Fruit
Cyanin Fruit
Cynaroside Leaf
Ethyl-acetate Fruit Essent. Oil 189,500
Fat Fruit 100,000 150,000
Fructose Fruit
Glucose Fruit
Hydrazine-methyl-oxalate Fruit Essent. Oil 35,200
Iron Fruit 120
Isorhoifolin Leaf
Ligustalosides Plant
Ligustrin Seed
Ligustroside Fruit
Ligustrosidic-acid Fruit
Plant
Linoleic-acid Fruit
Linolenic-acid Fruit
Luteolin-4'-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Luteolin-7-o-beta-d-rutinoside Leaf
Magnesium Fruit 1,020
Malvidin-3-o-beta-d-rutinosyl-5-o-beta-d-glucoside Fruit
Manganese Fruit 26
Neo-nuezhinide Fruit
Neuzhengalaside Fruit 4
Nuezhenide Fruit
Nuzheinide Fruit
Nuzhenide Fruit
Nuzhenidic-acid Plant
Oleanolic-acid Fruit 0.7 80,400
Seed
Leaf
Plant
Oleic-acid Fruit
Oleuropein Fruit
Oleuropeinic-acid Fruit
P-hydroxy-phenethyl-alcohol Fruit
P-hydroxy-phenylethanol Leaf
P-hydroxyphenethyl-beta-d-glucoside Fruit
Palmitic-acid Fruit
Polysaccharide Pericarp
Seed
Potassium Fruit 16,800
Quercetin Fruit
Rutin Leaf
Sodium Fruit 54
Specnuezhenide Fruit 10
Thioketone Fruit Essent. Oil 85,600
Tyrosol Pericarp
Seed
Ursolic-acid Fruit 0.3
Plant
Zinc Fruit 24
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]