Ligustrum japonicum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Japanese privet Japanese wax-leaf privet wax-leaf privet

Ligustrum japonicum is a species of Ligustrum native to central and southern Japan and Korea. It is widely cultivated in other regions, and is naturalized in California and in the southeastern United States from Texas to Virginia. It is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to 2–5 m tall, with smooth, pale grey-brown bark on the stems. The leaves are opposite, 5–10 cm long and 2–5 cm broad, glossy dark green above, paler glaucous to yellowish green below, thick and leathery textured, and with an entire margin. The flowers are white, with a four-lobed corolla 5–6 mm long; they are borne in clusters 7–15 cm long in early summer. The fruit is an oval drupe, 10 mm long, ripening purple-black with a glaucous waxy bloom in early winter; in Japan they are popularly likened to mouse or rat droppings. The species is closely related to the Chinese Ligustrum lucidum, differing in its smaller size, and elongated oval fruit.

Ligustrum japonicum

Medical use

Economic importance of Ligustrum japonicum

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum Ligustrum japonicum

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu , Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Korea, South; Taiwan

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
ACE-Inhibitor
Oleuropein found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Syringin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Acaricide
Eugenol found in Flower
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit
Adaptogenic
Syringin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Allelochemic
O-cresol found in Flower
P-cresol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Mannitol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Mannitol found in Leaf
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Guaiacol found in Flower
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Fruit (0.6 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Leaf
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Seed
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antianemic
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Oleuropein found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Antibacterial
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Guaiacol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Flower
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticancer
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Flower
Syringin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidermatitic
Guaiacol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antieczemic
Guaiacol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Glucose found in Fruit
Lupeol found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiesophagitic
Guaiacol found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifatigue
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Antifeedant
Eugenol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Lupeol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Mannitol found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antihangover
Fructose found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Antihemorrhoidal
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Glucose found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antihydrocoele
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Seed
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleuropein found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiincontinence
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Lupeol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Mannitol found in Leaf
N-hentriacontane found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Flower
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antilepric
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antilymphomic
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Mannitol found in Leaf
N-nonacosane found in Flower
O-cresol found in Flower
P-cresol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Fruit
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Flower
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Antionychogryphotic
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Antiototic
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Seed
Antioxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Seed
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Mannitol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Oleuropein found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxycinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Lupeol found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Seed
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipyretic
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Phillyrin found in Leaf
Syringin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antipyruvetic
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Mannitol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Lupeol found in Seed
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiseptic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Guaiacol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
M-cresol found in Flower
O-cresol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-cresol found in Flower
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Flower
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antisinusitic
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Mannitol found in Leaf
Oleuropein found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antispastic
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antistress
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Syringin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antituberculic
Guaiacol found in Flower
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Seed
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit
Antiviral
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiwrinkle
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Flower
Apoptotic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Astringent
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Bacteristat
N-hexacosane found in Flower
Oleuropein found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
O-cresol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-cresol found in Flower
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Candidicide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Flower
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Cardiodepressant
Guaiacol found in Flower
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Cardiotonic
Guaiacol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Carminative
Eugenol found in Flower
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Collagenic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Contraceptive
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Coronary-Dilator
Oleuropein found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Cosmetic
N-hentriacontane found in Flower
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Deodorant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Dermal
Guaiacol found in Flower
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Flower
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Mannitol found in Leaf
N-hentriacontane found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Emetic
Guaiacol found in Flower
Mannitol found in Leaf
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Flower
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Expectorant
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Guaiacol found in Flower
FLavor
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Guaiacol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
P-cresol found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Flower
Phenylacetic-acid found in Flower
Stearic-acid found in Seed
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Seed
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Leaf
Fumigant
M-cresol found in Flower
Fungicide
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Flower
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Hemolytic
M-cresol found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Flower
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Herbicide
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Fruit (54 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Oleuropein found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Syringin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Syringin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Insecticide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Guaiacol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Irritant
Eugenol found in Flower
Guaiacol found in Flower
M-cresol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Flower
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Mannitol found in Leaf
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Fruit
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Neurotropic
Syringin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Parasiticide
M-cresol found in Flower
P-cresol found in Flower
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Perfumery
Eugenol found in Flower
M-cresol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Flower
Phenylacetic-acid found in Flower
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Pesticide
Arsenic found in Fruit (0.6 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Guaiacol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Seed
M-cresol found in Flower
Mannitol found in Leaf
N-hexacosane found in Flower
O-cresol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-cresol found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Flower
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Iron found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Guaiacol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Purgative
Alpha-mannite found in Fruit
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Rodenticide
M-cresol found in Flower
O-cresol found in Flower
P-cresol found in Flower
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Sedative
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Phenethyl-alcohol found in Flower
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Sweetener
Fructose found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Seed
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Tonic
Syringin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Transdermal
Guaiacol found in Flower
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Flower
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Flower
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Eugenol found in Flower
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Flower
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Flower
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Fruit (3040 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Oleuropein found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Phenol found in Flower Essent. Oil
Potassium found in Fruit (16800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Flower
Vulnerary
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
10-hydroxyoleuropein Leaf
2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-ethyl-beta-d-glucoside Plant
2-methyl-3-butene-2-ol-2-o-beta-apiofuranosyl-(1... Bark
3,4-dihydroxy-beta-phenylehtyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside Plant
4-hydroxy-beta-phenylethyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside Bark
Acetyl-oleanolic-acid Fruit
Alpha-amyrin Flower
Alpha-mannite Fruit
Alpha-mannitol Fruit
Arsenic Fruit 0.6
Benzaldehyde Flower
Benzoic-acid Flower
Benzyl-alcohol Flower
Beta-amyrin Flower
Caffeic-acid Flower
Calcium Fruit 3,040
Cis-3-hexen-1-ol Flower
Copper Fruit 12
D-pinoresinol-beta-d-glucopyranoside Bark
D-syringaresinol-bis-beta-d-glucopyranoside Bark
Eugenol Flower
Fat Seed 149,000
Ferulic-acid Flower
Fructose Fruit
Glucose Fruit
Guaiacol Flower
Iron Fruit 120
Kaempferol Flower
L-olivil-beta-d-glucopyranoside Bark
Ligustaloside-a Leaf
Ligustaloside-b Leaf
Ligustroside Bark
Leaf
Linalol Flower
Linoleic-acid Fruit
Lupeol Seed
M-cresol Flower
Magnesium Fruit 1,020
Manganese Fruit 26
Mannitol Leaf
N-docosane Flower
N-docosanol Flower
N-dotriacontane Flower
N-eicosanol Flower
N-heneicosane Flower
N-heneicosanol Flower
N-hentriacontane Flower
N-heptacosane Flower
N-heptacosanol Flower
N-hexacosane Flower
N-hexacosanol Flower
N-nonacosane Flower
N-nonadecanol Flower
N-octacosane Flower
N-octacosanol Flower
N-octadecanol Flower
N-pentacosane Flower
N-pentacosanol Flower
N-tetracosane Flower
N-tetracosanol Flower
N-triacontane Flower
N-tricosane Flower
N-tricosanol Flower
N-tritriacontane Flower
Nonacosanol Seed
Nuzhnide Plant
O-cresol Flower
Oleanolic-acid Fruit
Oleic-acid Fruit
Oleuropein Bark
Leaf
Fruit
P-coumaric-acid Leaf
P-cresol Flower
P-hydroxy-beta-phenylethyl-alcohol Flower
P-hydroxycinnamic-acid Fruit
Palmitic-acid Seed
Phenethyl-alcohol Flower
Phenol Flower Essent. Oil
Phenylacetic-acid Flower
Phillyrin Leaf
Potassium Fruit 16,800
Quercetin Flower
Reducing-sugars Seed 155,000
Sfa Seed 29,055
Sodium Fruit 54
Stearic-acid Seed
Syringenin Bark
Leaf
Syringin Bark
Leaf
Ufa Seed 119,945
Ursolic-acid Fruit
Zinc Fruit 24
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]