Leonotis leonurus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
lion's-ear wild dagga

Leonotis leonurus, also known as lion's tail and wild dagga, is a plant species in the Lamiaceae family. The plant is a broadleaf evergreen large shrub native to South Africa and southern Africa, where it is very common. It is known for its medicinal and mild psychoactive properties. The main psychoactive component of Leonotis leonurus is leonurine.

Leonotis leonurus

Medical use

Economic importance of Leonotis leonurus

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus Leonotis leonurus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Cape Province , KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Gamma-terpinene found in Se (0.1 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Acaricide
Alpha-cadinol found in Se (4 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Delta-cadinene found in Se (2 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Se (2 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Analgesic
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Gamma-terpinene found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Se (2 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Marrubiin found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Se (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Sabinene found in Se (1 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Anticancer
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Delta-cadinene found in Se (2 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Se (42 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Se (42 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Se (2 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Se (1 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Se (42 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Antimite
Alpha-cadinol found in Se (4 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Terpinolene found in Se (2 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Marrubiin found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Antioxidant
Gamma-terpinene found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Se (2 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Antipyretic
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Sabinene found in Se (1 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Delta-cadinene found in Se (2 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Se (39 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Se (42 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Antiulcer
Sabinene found in Se (1 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Arrhythmigenic
Marrubiin found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Bitter
Marrubiin found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Se (42 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Se (3 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Cardioactive
Marrubiin found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Choleretic
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Marrubiin found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Se (2 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Se (2 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Marrubiin found in Plant (4000 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Se (2 ppm)
Fungicide
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Se (42 ppm)
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Se (2 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Se (42 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Laxative
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Nematicide
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Se (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Perfumery
Allo-ocimene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Alpha-humulene found in Se (39 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Se (3 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Sabinene found in Se (1 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Se (2 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-cadinol found in Se (4 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Se (42 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Se (2 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Se (18 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Se (2 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Se (18 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Secretogogue
Marrubiin found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Se (2 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Borneol found in Se (0.1 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Se (65 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Se (0.5 ppm)
Limonene found in Se (28 ppm)
Trichomonicide
P-cymene found in Se (22 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]