Lavandula latifolia Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
broadleaf lavender spike lavender

Lavandula latifolia, known as Spike lavender or Portuguese lavender, is a flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, native to the western Mediterranean region, from central Portugal to northern Italy through Spain and southern France. Hybridization can occur in the wild with English lavender. The scent of Lavandula latifolia is stronger, with more camphor, and more pungent than Lavandula angustifolia scent. For this reason the two varieties are grown in separate fields.

Lavandula latifolia

Medical use

Economic importance of Lavandula latifolia

Bee plants honey production
Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Lavandula latifolia Lavandula latifolia Lavandula latifolia Lavandula latifolia Lavandula latifolia Lavandula latifolia Lavandula latifolia Lavandula latifolia Lavandula latifolia Lavandula latifolia Lavandula latifolia Lavandula latifolia

Geografical distribution

  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal

Biological activities

ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Abortifacient
Alpha-thujone found in Plant (9 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Plant (15 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Plant (20 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-cadinol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (28 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Analgesic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (198 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Trans-carveol found in Plant (3 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Alpha-thujone found in Plant (9 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Plant (20 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (76 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Plant (55 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant (42 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (15 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (55 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Antiburn
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Antidepressant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (24 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (76 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (24 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (28 ppm)
Antifertility
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Plant (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Nerol found in Plant (15 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (55 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Plant (43 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (24 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antileukemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antimite
Alpha-cadinol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Antimitotic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (28 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (198 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (28 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antipeptic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Plant (15 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant (24 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Hexanol found in Plant (7 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (15 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (55 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Antishock
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (76 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (198 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Plant (55 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Antituberculic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Plant (51 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (24 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Plant (15 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (15 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (55 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antiuremic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Plant (15 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (76 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Plant (43 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Plant (28 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Bacteristat
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Bruchiphobe
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (24 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Candidistat
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Cosmetic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
DME-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Plant (28 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Diuretic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Alpha-thujone found in Plant (9 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Plant (20 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Estrogenic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (15 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (76 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
3-octanol found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (76 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant (42 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant (24 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant
Geranyl-butyrate found in Plant (28 ppm)
Hexanol found in Plant (7 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (198 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (15 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Plant (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (28 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (24 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Plant (55 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant (42 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant (24 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (28 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Fungistat
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Hypnotic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Alpha-thujone found in Plant (9 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (24 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant (24 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Plant (20 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (76 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Plant (43 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant (42 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant (24 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Juvabional
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Larvicide
Alpha-thujone found in Plant (9 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant (42 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Larvistat
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (13 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (198 ppm)
Motor-Stimulant
Isoborneol found in Plant (43 ppm)
Musculotropic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (76 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Narcotic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Plant (43 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Perfumery
3-octanol found in Plant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Alpha-humulene found in Plant (51 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Plant (15 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant (42 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant
Geranyl-butyrate found in Plant (28 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (198 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (15 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Plant (28 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (55 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (28 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Alpha-cadinol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (13 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Alpha-thujone found in Plant (9 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Plant (20 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (76 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Plant (24 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant (42 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant (24 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Hexanol found in Plant (7 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Plant (43 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (74 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (15 ppm)
Neryl-acetate found in Plant (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (28 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Piscicide
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Protisticide
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (76 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant (22 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant (42 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant
Geranyl-butyrate found in Plant (28 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Plant (43 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (198 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (15 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (11 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (231 ppm)
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Plant (15 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Teratogenic
Citronellal found in Plant (7 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Plant (191 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant (759 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (748 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (374 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (297 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (3434 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (41 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (21 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (15 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (98 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant (42 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Cuminaldehyde found in Plant (42 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (19000 ppm)
Vermicide
Carvone found in Plant (5 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Plant (9 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant (10 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (209 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (121 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Plant 1,000 3,434
3-octanol Plant
3-octanone Plant 4 13
Alpha-bisabolol Plant 4 10
Alpha-cadinol Plant 1 21
Alpha-humulene Plant 0 51
Alpha-phellandrene Plant 2 13
Alpha-pinene Plant 90 748
Alpha-terpinene Plant 4 11
Alpha-terpineol Plant 35 209
Alpha-terpinyl-acetate Plant 1 35
Alpha-thujene Plant 1 19
Alpha-thujone Plant 2 9
Beta-bisabolene Plant 1 15
Beta-pinene Plant 60 374
Beta-thujone Plant 4 20
Borneol Plant 20 759
Bornyl-acetate Plant 1 76
Camphene Plant 25 231
Camphor Plant 480 3,300
Carvone Plant 12 5
Caryophyllene Plant 0 191
Caryophyllene-oxide Plant 6 24
Cis-alpha-bisabolene Plant 38 197
Cis-carveol Plant 1 5
Cis-linalol-epoxide Plant 2 11
Cis-ocimene Plant 0 55
Citronellal Plant 1 7
Citronellol Plant 1 41
Coumarin Plant 0 22
Cuminaldehyde Plant 3 42
Eo Plant 5,000 11,000
Eugenol Plant 0 9
Furfural Plant 8 24
Geraniol Plant 3 21
Geranyl-acetate Plant
Geranyl-butyrate Plant 6 28
Hexanol Plant 1 7
Hexyl-tiglate Plant 7 87
Isoborneol Plant 1 43
Lavandulol Plant 10 165
Lavandulyl-acetate Plant 1 33
Limonene Plant 55 297
Linalol Plant 1,490 5,104
Linalyl-acetate Plant 1 198
Methyl-heptenone Plant 2 8
Myrcene Plant 39 74
Nerol Plant 1 15
Neryl-acetate Plant 6 28
Oleanolic-acid Leaf 4,900
P-cymene Plant 26 98
Rosmarinic-acid Plant 7,000
Sabinene Plant 0 55
Terpinen-4-ol Plant 0 121
Terpinolene Plant 13 28
Trans-carveol Plant 1 3
Trans-epoxy-linalyl-acetate Plant
Trans-linalol-epoxide Plant 8 21
Trans-ocimene Plant 0 49
Ursolic-acid Leaf 10,000 19,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]