Lavandula angustifolia Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
common lavender English lavender garden lavender lavender Pyrenean lavender true lavender
Lavandula angustifolia

Medical use

Gallery

Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Africa
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: Andorra; France ; Spain

Biological activities

ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Flower
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Herniarin found in Plant (250 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Camphene found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Herniarin found in Plant (250 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower
Analgesic
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (16500 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
AntiEBV
Geranial found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Flower
Antiaflatoxin
Geranial found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Herniarin found in Plant (250 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (6750 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower
Delta-3-carene found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Geranial found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Herniarin found in Plant (250 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Flower
Neral found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Borneol found in Plant
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Anticancer
Butyric-acid found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Luteolin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Anticataract
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Anticomplement
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower
Antidepressant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Antidiabetic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Flower
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (6750 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Luteolin found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Flower
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Flower
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Flower
Antihemolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antihysteric
Valeric-acid found in Flower
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Beta-santalene found in Flower
Borneol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Valeric-acid found in Flower
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antileukemic
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Flower
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Plant
Antimetastatic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Antimitotic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Flower
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Flower
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Flower
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Flower
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Plant
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (16500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Flower
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Flower
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Borneol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Sabinene found in Flower
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antishock
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (6750 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Herniarin found in Plant (250 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (16500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Flower
Neral found in Flower
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Valeric-acid found in Flower
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Herniarin found in Plant (250 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Flower
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antitumor
Butyric-acid found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Luteolin found in Plant
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Sabinene found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antiuremic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (6750 ppm)
Geranial found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Plant
Geranial found in Flower
Anxiolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Plant
Apoptotic
Butyric-acid found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Flower
Bacteristat
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Flower
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Flower
Bruchiphobe
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Cedrene found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Dihydrocoumarin found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Herniarin found in Plant (250 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Geranial found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Flower
Cholagogue
Herniarin found in Plant (250 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Borneol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Flower
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Flower
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Culicide
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Cytotoxic
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
DME-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Flower
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Dermatitigenic
Delta-3-carene found in Flower
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Flower
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Plant
Diuretic
Luteolin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Flower
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Elastase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Flower
Emetic
Camphor found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Flower
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Flower
Estrogenic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Geranial found in Flower
Luteolin found in Plant
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-phellandrene found in Flower
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (6750 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Amyl-alcohol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (6750 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower
Delta-3-carene found in Flower
Dihydrocoumarin found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Geranyl-butyrate found in Flower
Geranyl-caproate found in Flower
Isovaleraldehyde found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (16500 ppm)
Linalyl-caproate found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Valeric-acid found in Flower
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Beta-phellandrene found in Flower
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower
Geranial found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Herniarin found in Plant (250 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Flower
Fungistat
Limonene found in Flower
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Flower
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Geranial found in Flower
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Borneol found in Plant
Herniarin found in Plant (250 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Histaminic
Limonene found in Flower
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Hypnotic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Luteolin found in Plant
Phytosterols found in Flower
Hypoglycemic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Flower
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Inhalant
Borneol found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Ocimene found in Flower
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (6750 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Delta-3-carene found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Geraniol found in Flower
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Caproic-acid found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower
Delta-3-carene found in Flower
Isobutyric-acid found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower
Juvabional
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Larvistat
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Flower
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (16500 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Flower
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (6750 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Flower
Valeric-acid found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Flower
NO-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Narcotic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Flower
Neuroprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Flower
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Flower
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-phellandrene found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Beta-santalene found in Flower
Borneol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Geranyl-butyrate found in Flower
Geranyl-caproate found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (16500 ppm)
Linalyl-caproate found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Ocimene found in Flower
Sabinene found in Flower
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Valeric-acid found in Flower
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Flower
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (6750 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Flower
Camphene found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower
Delta-3-carene found in Flower
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Farnesene found in Flower
Geranial found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Herniarin found in Plant (250 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Flower
Neral found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Pheromone
Farnesene found in Flower
Photoactive
Herniarin found in Plant (250 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Flower
Piscicide
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Protisticide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Flower
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Flower
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Camphor found in Flower
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (6750 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Geranyl-butyrate found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Flower (16500 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Flower
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphene found in Plant
Spasmolytic
Geranial found in Flower
Stimulant
Camphor found in Flower
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Sunscreen
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Flower
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Termiticide
Neral found in Flower
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Flower
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Valeric-acid found in Flower
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower
Isobutyric-acid found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower
Citronellol found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Flower (10500 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Luteolin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Flower
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Flower
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Tannin found in Flower (120000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Flower
1-octen-3-ol Flower
1-octen-3-yl-acetate Flower
2,6-dimethyl-5-acetoxymethyl-hept-6-en-3-one Flower
2,6-dimethyl-5-acetoxymethyl-hepta-1,6-dien-3-one Flower
2,6-dimethyl-6-acetoxy-oct-7-en-3-one Flower
2,6-dimethyl-6-acetoxy-octa-1,7-dien-3-one Flower
2-methyl-but-3-en-1-ol Flower
4-butanolide Flower
5-pentyl-5-pentanolide Flower
Alpha-norsantalenone Flower
Alpha-photosantalol-a Flower
Alpha-photosantalol-b Flower
Alpha-pinene Plant
Alpha-santalal Flower
Alpha-santalene Flower
Alpha-santalenic-acid Flower
Amyl-alcohol Plant
Bergamotene Plant
Beta-ocimene Flower
Beta-phellandrene Flower
Beta-pinene Plant
Beta-santalene Flower
Borneol Plant
Bornyl-acetate Plant 2,250 6,750
Butyric-acid Flower
Camphene Plant
Camphor Flower
Caproaldehyde Flower
Caproic-acid Flower
Caprylaldehyde Plant
Caryophyllene Flower
Caryophyllene-oxide Flower
Cedrene Plant
Citronellol Flower
Coumaric-acid Plant
Coumarin Plant 1,000 1,500
Cuminaldehyde Flower
Curcurmene Plant
Delta-3-carene Flower
Delta-cadinene Flower
Dihydrocoumarin Flower
Eo Flower 3,000 40,000
Farnesene Flower
Flavonoids Flower
Gamma-cadinene Flower
Geranial Flower
Geraniol Flower
Geranyl-butyrate Flower
Geranyl-caproate Flower
Geranyl-isobutyrate Flower
Geranyl-valerate Flower
Herniarin Plant 20 250
Isobutyric-acid Flower
Isovaleraldehyde Flower
Lavandulol Flower
Lavandulyl-acetate Flower
Limonene Flower
Linalol Plant
Linalol-oxide Flower
Linalool Flower 2,000 10,500
Linalool-oxide Flower
Linalyl-acetate Flower 240 16,500
Linalyl-butyrate Flower
Linalyl-caproate Flower
Linalyl-isobutyrate Flower
Linalyl-valerate Flower
Luteolin Plant
Myrcene Flower
Neral Flower
Ocimene Flower
Phytosterols Flower
Planteose Seed
Rosmarinic-acid Plant 12,000
Sabinene Flower
Tannin Flower 50,000 120,000
Umbelliferone Plant
Umbelliferone-methyl-ether Plant
Ursolic-acid Leaf 7,000
Valeraldehyde Flower
Valeric-acid Flower
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]