Kalmia latifolia Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
calico-bush mountain-laurel spoonwood

Kalmia latifolia, commonly called mountain-laurel, calico-bush, or spoonwood, is a species of flowering plant in the blueberry family, Ericaceae, that is native to the eastern United States. Its range stretches from southern Maine south to northern Florida, and west to Indiana and Louisiana. Mountain-laurel is the state flower of Connecticut and Pennsylvania. It is the namesake of the city of Laurel, Mississippi.

Kalmia latifolia

Medical use

Economic importance of Kalmia latifolia

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana , Maine , Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York , Ohio , Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Delaware, Florida , Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana , Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

Biological activities

Aggregant
Sucrose found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Arbutin found in Plant
Allergenic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
AntiHIV
Tannic-acid found in Plant
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antibacterial
Arbutin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Pectin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Anticolitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Phloridzin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiedemic
Arbutin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Grayanotoxin found in Leaf
Phloridzin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigallstone
Pectin found in Plant
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antigastritic
Pectin found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Leaf
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antilithic
Pectin found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antimalarial
Phloridzin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Arbutin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Pectin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Leaf
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sucrose found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antipolio
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Arbutin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Arbutin found in Plant
Antistress
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Antitussive
Arbutin found in Plant
Pectin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Artemicide
Arbutin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Astringent
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Candidicide
Arbutin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Andromedotoxin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Pectin found in Plant
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Leaf
Convulsant
Andromedotoxin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Demulcent
Pectin found in Plant
Sucrose found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Arbutin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Emetic
Andromedotoxin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
FLavor
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Leaf
Fungicide
Pectin found in Plant
Glucosuric
Phloridzin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hemostat
Pectin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Pectin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Andromedotoxin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Grayanotoxin found in Leaf
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Arbutin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Mycoplasmistat
Arbutin found in Plant
Neuroparalytic
Phloridzin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Plant
Pesticide
Arbutin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Grayanotoxin found in Leaf
Pectin found in Plant
Phloridzin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Preservative
Sucrose found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Iron found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Respirodepressant
Andromedotoxin found in Plant
Sedative
Phloridzin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Sialogogue
Andromedotoxin found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sweetener
Phloridzin found in Leaf (27000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Arbutin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Leaf
Urinary-Antiseptic
Arbutin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Leaf (9600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (147000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Sucrose found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
24alpha-ethyllathosterol Plant
Andromedol Plant
Andromedotoxin Plant
Arbutin Plant
Asebotin Leaf
Ash Leaf 36,000
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Calcium Leaf 9,600
Carbohydrates Leaf 782,000
Catechin-tannins Plant
Emulsin Plant
Fat Leaf 95,000
Fiber Leaf 147,000
Grayanotoxin Leaf
Invertin Plant
Iron Leaf 50
Kalmitoxins Plant
Pectin Plant
Phloridzin Leaf 27,000
Phlorizine Leaf
Phosphorus Leaf 1,100
Protein Leaf 87,000
Spinasterol Plant
Sucrose Leaf
Tannic-acid Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]