Justicia adhatoda Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Malabar-nut Malabar-nut-tree pavettia

Justicia adhatoda, commonly known in English as Malabar Nut, Adulsa, Adhatoda, Vasa, or Vasaka, is a medicinal plant native to Asia, widely used in Siddha Medicine, Ayurvedic and Unani systems of medicine. The plant's range includes Sri Lanka, Nepal, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, and China, as well as Panama where it is thought to have been introduced.

Justicia adhatoda

Medical use

Economic importance of Justicia adhatoda

Environmental boundary/barier/suport ornamental soil improver
Medicines source of vasicine
Non-vertebrate poisons plant pest control

Gallery

Justicia adhatoda Justicia adhatoda Justicia adhatoda Justicia adhatoda Justicia adhatoda Justicia adhatoda Justicia adhatoda Justicia adhatoda Justicia adhatoda

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java; Malaysia

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Flower
Vasicine found in Leaf (7900 ppm);found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (4700 ppm)
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anthelmintic
Vasicinone found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiallergic
Vasicinol found in Root
Vasicinone found in Plant
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Vasicinone found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Vasicinone found in Plant
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anticholinesterase
Vasicinol found in Root
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Vasicinol found in Root
Vasicinone found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Vasicinol found in Root
Vasicinone found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Antigastritic
Betaine found in Flower
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Lignoceric-acid found in Seed (27600 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Vasicinol found in Root
Vasicinone found in Plant
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Flower
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Flower
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antispasmodic
Antitumor
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Bronchoconstrictor
Vasicinone found in Plant
Bronchodilator
Vasicinol found in Root
Vasicinone found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Vasicinol found in Root
Cardioprotective
Betaine found in Flower
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Seed (29000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Diuretic
Betaine found in Flower
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Flower
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Flower
Expectorant
Betaine found in Flower
Vasicine found in Leaf (7900 ppm);found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (4700 ppm)
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Betaine found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hypotensive
Vasicinol found in Root
Vasicinone found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Flower
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Mucogenic
Betaine found in Flower
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Oxytocic
Vasicine found in Leaf (7900 ppm);found in Plant (19000 ppm);found in Shoot (4700 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Betaine found in Flower
Vasicinol found in Root
Vasicinone found in Plant
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128750 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Vasicinone found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,2,3,9-tetrahydro-5-methoxypyrrolo-(2,1-b)-quinazoline-3-ol Plant
2',4-dihydroxychalcone-4-glucoside Flower
6-hydroxypeganine Leaf
9-acetamido-3,4-dihydropyrido-(3,4-b)-indole Root
Adhatodic-acid Plant
Adhatodine Plant
Adhatonine Root
Alkaloids Plant 4,000
Anisotine Plant
Anisotinine Plant
Arachidic-acid Seed 8,000
Behenic-acid Seed 29,000
Beta-sitosterol Seed
Beta-sitosterol-beta-d-glucoside Root
Betaine Flower
Cerotic-acid Seed 12,900
Deoxyvascinone Root
Fat Seed 258,000
Lignoceric-acid Seed 27,600
Linoleic-acid Seed 31,700
O-ethyl-alpha-d-galactoside Plant
Oleic-acid Seed 128,750
Oscine Plant
Peganine Plant
Raa Plant
Vasakin Plant
Vasicine Leaf 7,900
Plant 3,400 19,000
Shoot 4,700
Vasicinine Plant
Vasicinol Root
Vasicinone Plant
Vasicol Plant
Vasicoline Plant
Vasicolinone Plant
Visicinolone Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]