Juncus effusus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
soft rush

Juncus effusus 'Spiralis', the corkscrew rush, is a perennial plant with green spiraling stems. It is a cultivar of the soft rush, Juncus effusus.

Juncus effusus

Medical use

Economic importance of Juncus effusus

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus Juncus effusus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Rwanda
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa - Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Gorno-Altay
    • China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia, Manitoba
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Nevada
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Durango, Sinaloa
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Federal District, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tabasco, Veracruz
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Guadeloupe; Haiti
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Catamarca, Rio Negro, Salta, Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman; Chile

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Analgesic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Pith (0.33 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
AntiHIV
Luteolin found in Plant
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Antiacne
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Pith (840 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antianemic
Copper found in Pith (8 ppm)
Iron found in Pith (840 ppm)
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Copper found in Pith (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Pith (840 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticataract
Luteolin found in Plant
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Pith (840 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Pith (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Glucose found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Copper found in Pith (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihangover
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Copper found in Pith (8 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Leaf
Antilepric
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Pith (840 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Pith (8 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Copper found in Pith (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antiseptic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antitumor
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Leaf
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Plant
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Astringent
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Pith (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Luteolin found in Plant
Choleretic
7,8-dihydroxycoumarin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Collagenic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Pith (8 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Juncusol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Plant
Diuretic
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Leaf (640000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Pith (291 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Copper found in Pith (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Manganese found in Pith (171 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Pith (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Nephrotoxic
Mercury found in Pith (1.41 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Pesticide
Arsenic found in Pith (0.33 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Iron found in Pith (840 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Pith (8 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Pith (1440 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (310000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Pith (920 ppm)
Potassium found in Pith (7620 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Pith (38 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
7,8-dihydroxycoumarin Plant
Amide Leaf 16,000
Arsenic Pith 0.33
Ash Leaf 36,000
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Beta-sitosteryl-beta-d-glucoside Root
Calcium Pith 1,440
Carbohydrates Leaf 543,000
Cellulose Leaf 640,000
Copper Pith 5 8
Effusol Plant
Fat Leaf 24,000
Seed 50,000
Fiber Leaf 310,000
Glucose Leaf
Iron Pith 840
Juncusol Plant
Luteolin Plant
Luteolin-glucoside Plant
Magnesium Pith 920
Manganese Pith 171
Mercury Pith 1.41
Methyl-pentosans Leaf
Pentosans Leaf
Potassium Pith 7,620
Protein Leaf 86,000
Seed 131,000
Sodium Pith 291
Xylan Plant
Zinc Pith 38
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]