Ipomoea batatas Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
kuumara sweet-potato
Ipomoea batatas

Medical use

Economic importance of Ipomoea batatas

Gene sources secondary genetic relative of swet-potato
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Veracruz

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (221 ppm)
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
ACE-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (201000 ppm)
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Root (1000 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Root (0.045 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Root (760 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Root (20 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Root (3645 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Root
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
AntiMD
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (4860 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Root (2725 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (4860 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Root
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (64 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Root (2725 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Root (3280 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (7 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (64 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Root (1200 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Copper found in Root (7 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorine found in Root (850 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Iodine found in Root (0.045 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Squalene found in Root
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (64 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (24 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (64 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopolin found in Root
Antichorea
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antichoreic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Root
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (3645 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Copper found in Root (7 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (4860 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Root (2835 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2725 ppm)
Leucine found in Root (4455 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2504 ppm)
Valine found in Root (3976 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (6360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiepitheleomic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Root
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Copper found in Root (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (24 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Root
Antifibrositic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Root
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2725 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Antiglycosation
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Root (0.045 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Root (2835 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorine found in Root (850 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lysine found in Root (3280 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Root (760 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Root
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (6360 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (24 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Arginine found in Root (2835 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Root (2835 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Root (2835 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Copper found in Root (7 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Antiischemic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Root
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (6360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Root
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (64 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Root (10383 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antimyoclonic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Root (1200 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (201000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (7 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiophthalmic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Boron found in Root (20 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Boron found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Copper found in Root (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (6090 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Root (3314 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Histidine found in Root (1200 ppm)
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Squalene found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Root
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (3645 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2504 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Root (3019 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Root
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Root
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Root
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Root
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2504 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Root
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Root (4860 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (6360 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2725 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Root (442 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Root (2725 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Root (6360 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Antisenility
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorine found in Root (850 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Iodine found in Root (0.045 ppm)
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Root (1000 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Root (2725 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (3645 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (8 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antisterility
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Root
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antithalassemic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Root
Antithrombotic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antithromboxane-B2
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Root (0.045 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antitoxemic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Squalene found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antitussive
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2725 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (1200 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Threonine found in Root (3019 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2504 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Root (1200 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (8 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorine found in Root (850 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Iodine found in Root (0.045 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Root (3645 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (6360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (6090 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Root (2835 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Root
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Root
Bronchorelaxant
Scopolin found in Root
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Scopolin found in Root
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (1000 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Root
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Root (3314 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2725 ppm)
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (24 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Leaf (19 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm)
Serine found in Root (3400 ppm)
Squalene found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2504 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (8 ppm)
Chlorine found in Root (850 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Root
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Copper found in Root (7 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Root
Cerebroprotective
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Squalene found in Root
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Circulatory-Stimulant
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (7 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Root
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Root (221 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Demulcent
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Root (0.045 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Root
Diuretic
Arginine found in Root (2835 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (320 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (201000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (8 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Root (1200 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Root (3019 ppm)
Leucine found in Root (4455 ppm)
Lysine found in Root (3280 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (3019 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Valine found in Root (3976 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
FLavor
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (221 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (3019 ppm)
Valine found in Root (3976 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Root (1000 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorine found in Root (850 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Iodine found in Root (0.045 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Root (0.045 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Hemostat
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (1000 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (400 ppm);found in Root (1229 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Root (0.045 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Root (2835 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Root (3280 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Copper found in Root (7 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Root (442 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (221 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Manganese found in Root (15 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Copper found in Root (7 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Phosphorus found in Leaf (6090 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Squalene found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (320 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Root
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Insulin-Sparing
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Irritant
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Root (1000 ppm)
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Peonidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Root
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (320 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Squalene found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (320 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (221 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Root
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Root (3645 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2504 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Root
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Root (2835 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (10383 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Root (2725 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (6360 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (6090 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Oxidant
Alanine found in Root (3314 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (1200 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Root
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Perfumery
Mufa found in Root (405 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Squalene found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root (221 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Root (8 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorine found in Root (850 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Root (1000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (30000 ppm)
Peonidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Root
Squalene found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9.8 ppm);found in Root (5.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Pigment
Peonidin found in Plant
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Root (2835 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Root
Poultice
Starch found in Root (201000 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Root
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Iron found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (64 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (4087 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (405 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (221 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Root (0.045 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Root
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (1000 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (10383 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Root (610 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (7 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root (2135 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Root (2835 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Squalene found in Root
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root (221 ppm)
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Root
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Root (0.045 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Root (3645 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Root (800 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Root (476 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (2725 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Root (1510 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Root (1000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Root (736 ppm)
Arginine found in Root (2835 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17900 ppm);found in Root (2300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (274000 ppm);found in Root (32000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (620 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (68 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (42256 ppm);found in Root (15740 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Leaf (81 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4234 ppm);found in Root (1186 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (11 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Folacin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alanine Root 300 3,314
Alpha-linolenic-acid Root 200 736
Aluminum Root 8
Arginine Root 520 2,835
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 210 4,234
Root 201 1,186
Ash Leaf 12,000 259,000
Root 7,000 36,064
Aspartic-acid Root 2,730 10,383
Batatic-acid Root
Beta-carotene Leaf 1.8 345
Root 0.1 476
Boron Root 0.8 20
Caffeic-acid Root
Calcium Leaf 370 17,900
Root 203 2,300
Calcium-oxalate Root 320
Carbohydrates Leaf 80,000 620,000
Root 242,800 925,000
Carotenoids Root 30 350
Chlorine Root 850
Chlorogenic-acid Root
Copper Root 1.5 7
Cyanidin-3-(caffeoylsophoroside)-5-glucoside Root
Cyanidin-3-dicaffeoylsophoroside-5-glucoside Plant
Cystine Root 130 760
Fat Leaf 2,000 58,000
Root 1,400 14,000
Fiber Leaf 12,000 274,000
Root 8,000 32,000
Folacin Root 0.1 0.6
Furan-beta-carbonic-acid Root
Glutamic-acid Root 1,590 6,360
Glycine Root 580 2,725
Histidine Root 300 1,200
Iodine Root 0.045
Ipomoeamarone Root
Ipomoeanine Root
Iron Leaf 10 365
Root 4 64
Isochlorogenic-acid Root
Isoleucine Root 580 3,019
Isoquercitrin Root
Kilocalories Leaf 420 3,500
Root 990 3,920
Leucine Root 890 4,455
Linoleic-acid Root 1,110 4,087
Lysine Root 810 3,280
Magnesium Leaf 620
Root 95 710
Manganese Root 1 15
Methionine Root 230 1,510
Mufa Root 110 405
Neo-chlorogenic-acid Root
Niacin Leaf 7 68
Root 6 26
Oleic-acid Root 110 405
Oxalate Leaf 3,700
Oxalic-acid Root 1,000
Paeonidin-3-(caffeoylsophoroside)-5-glucoside Root
Palmitic-acid Root 580 2,135
Pantothenic-acid Root 5 24
Pectin Root 30,000
Peonidin Plant
Phenylalanine Root 720 3,645
Phosphorus Leaf 300 6,090
Root 261 2,000
Phytin Root 10,500
Phytoene Root 0.8 9
Phytofluene Root 0.6 7
Phytosterols Root 120 442
Potassium Leaf 5,300 42,256
Root 1,970 15,740
Proline Root 710 2,840
Protein Leaf 10,300 271,000
Root 10,000 65,982
Pufa Root 1,320 4,860
Quercetin Root
Riboflavin Leaf 2.6 19
Root 0.3 7
Scopolin Root
Serine Root 850 3,400
Sfa Root 640 2,356
Skimmine Root
Sodium Leaf 50 400
Root 10 1,229
Squalene Root
Starch Root 118,000 201,000
Stearic-acid Root 60 221
Sugar Root 23,800 97,000
Sulfur Root 130 610
Thiamin Leaf 0.8 9.8
Root 0.6 5.1
Threonine Root 720 3,019
Tocopherol Leaf 81
Root 40
Trans-cinnamic-acid Root
Tryptophan Root 200 800
Tyrosine Root 460 2,504
Uronic-acid Root 18,000
Valine Root 830 3,976
Vit-b-6 Root 2 10
Water Leaf 830,000 878,000
Root 682,000 806,000
Zeta-carotene Root 0.5 6
Zinc Root 2 11
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]