Ipomoea aquatica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Chinese water-spinach swamp morning-glory water-convolvulus water-spinach
Ipomoea aquatica

Medical use

Economic importance of Ipomoea aquatica

Human food vegetable
Animal food foder
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea aquatica

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo
    • West Tropical Africa: Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Mali; Mauritania; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Suriname
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Peru

Biological activities

5-HETE-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Leaf (1.5 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Leaf (3720 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (16865 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
AntiMD
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Leaf (13150 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Leaf (13150 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Iodine found in Leaf (1.5 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antichorea
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antichoreic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (16865 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Leaf (19655 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (13150 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (19390 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (10625 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (17930 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (33465 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiepitheleomic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (13150 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Antiglycosation
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Leaf (1.5 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Leaf (19655 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Leaf (3720 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (33465 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Leaf (19655 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Leaf (19655 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Leaf (19655 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antiischemic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antileukemic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (33465 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (86320 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antimyoclonic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (12360 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Leaf (14475 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (16865 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (10625 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Leaf (13810 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Leaf (10625 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (33465 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (13150 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Leaf (13150 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (33465 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antisenility
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Iodine found in Leaf (1.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Leaf (13150 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (16865 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antisterility
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antisunburn
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antithalassemic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antithrombotic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antithromboxane-B2
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Leaf (1.5 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antitoxemic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antitussive
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (13150 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (18590 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (10625 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Iodine found in Leaf (1.5 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (16865 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (33465 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (12360 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Leaf (19655 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Leaf (14475 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (13150 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Serine found in Leaf (16200 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (10625 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Cerebroprotective
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Circulatory-Stimulant
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Demulcent
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Leaf (1.5 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Leaf (19655 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Leaf (13810 ppm)
Leucine found in Leaf (19390 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf (18590 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (17930 ppm)
FLavor
Threonine found in Leaf (18590 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf (17930 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Fungicide
Iodine found in Leaf (1.5 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Leaf (1.5 ppm)
Hemostat
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (15000 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Leaf (1.5 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Leaf (19655 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (12360 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (16865 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf (10625 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Leaf (19655 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (86320 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Leaf (13150 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf (33465 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (12360 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Leaf (14475 ppm)
Histidine found in Leaf (6240 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Pectin found in Plant (7600 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Leaf (19655 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Leaf (1.5 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf (86320 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Leaf (19655 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Leaf (1.5 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf (16865 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf (13150 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Leaf (5845 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Leaf (19655 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (12665 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (182000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3810 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (49200 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Leaf (1180 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (7300 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (92 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alanine Leaf 1,090 14,475
Arginine Leaf 1,480 19,655
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 320 7,300
Ash Leaf 13,000 212,500
Aspartic-acid Leaf 6,500 86,320
Beta-carotene Leaf 28 500
Calcium Leaf 276 12,665
Carbohydrates Leaf 31,400 600,000
Copper Leaf 2.6 19
Cystine Leaf 280 3,720
Fat Leaf 2,000 156,000
Fiber Leaf 11,000 182,000
Glutamic-acid Leaf 2,520 33,465
Glycine Leaf 990 13,150
Glycolipids Plant 7,921 59,335
Hentriacontane Leaf
Histidine Leaf 470 6,240
Iodine Leaf 0.15 1.5
Iron Leaf 11 540
Isoleucine Leaf 1,040 13,810
Kilocalories Leaf 190 4,400
Leucine Leaf 1,460 19,390
Lycine Leaf 1,090 14,475
Magnesium Leaf 510 3,810
Methionine Leaf 440 5,845
Niacin Leaf 7 120
Pectin Plant 7,600
Phenylalanine Leaf 1,270 16,865
Phosphorus Leaf 420 12,360
Potassium Leaf 1,500 49,200
Proline Leaf 880 11,685
Protein Leaf 26,000 360,000
Riboflavin Leaf 1 16
Serine Leaf 1,220 16,200
Sitosterol Leaf
Sodium Leaf 440 15,000
Taraxanthin Leaf
Thiamin Leaf 0.3 9
Threonine Leaf 1,400 18,590
Tocopherol Leaf 118 1,180
Tyrosine Leaf 800 10,625
Valine Leaf 1,350 17,930
Water Leaf 850,000 929,350
Zinc Leaf 12.3 92
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]