Inula helenium Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
elecampane scabwort velvet-dock
Inula helenium

Medical use

Economic importance of Inula helenium

Food additives flavoring
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Inula helenium Inula helenium Inula helenium Inula helenium Inula helenium Inula helenium Inula helenium Inula helenium Inula helenium Inula helenium Inula helenium Inula helenium Inula helenium Inula helenium

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran; Iraq; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
    Naturalized
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Gorno-Altay, Kemerovo, Novosibirsk
    • China: China - Xinjiang
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Greece; Italy - Sardinia; Macedonia; Montenegro; Serbia
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part
    • Southeastern Europe: Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia, Manitoba
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Utah

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Allergenic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Carabrone found in Plant ;found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Costunolide found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Helenalin found in Root
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Helenalin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anesthetic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Selenium found in Root
Anthelmintic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Dihydroisoalantolactone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Helenin found in Plant ;found in Root (15600 ppm)
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Plant
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Plant ;found in Root (4 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiamebic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antianemic
Copper found in Plant
Iron found in Plant ;found in Root (4 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Costunolide found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Root
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Helenalin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Antibacterial
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Helenalin found in Root
Helenin found in Plant ;found in Root (15600 ppm)
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antibiotic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Helenalin found in Root
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root
Anticanker
Iron found in Plant ;found in Root (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Plant ;found in Root (4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Root
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Antidiptheric
Helenin found in Plant ;found in Root (15600 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Helenalin found in Root
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Helenalin found in Root
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antigout
Selenium found in Root
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Dammaradienol found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Helenalin found in Root
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Copper found in Plant
Friedelin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Helenalin found in Root
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antilymphocytic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Plant ;found in Root (4 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antimitotic
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Costunolide found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant ;found in Root (1500 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Campesterol found in Root
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antiplatelet
Helenalin found in Root
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antipolio
3-methylquercetin found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Helenalin found in Root
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Helenalin found in Root
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Plant
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antistomatitic
3-methylquercetin found in Inflorescence
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antitubercular
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Helenin found in Plant ;found in Root (15600 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Antitumor
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Costunolide found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Helenalin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Helenalin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Root
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Plant
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Antiviral
3-methylquercetin found in Inflorescence
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Dammaradienol found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Anxiolytic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant ;found in Root (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Bacteristat
Helenalin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
CNS-Stimulant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Mucilage found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Carcinogenic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Silicon found in Root
Cardiotoxic
Helenalin found in Root
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root
Cholagogue
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Choleretic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root
Contraceptive
Copper found in Plant
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Cytoprotective
Helenalin found in Root
Cytotoxic
2-alpha-hydroxyalantolactone found in Shoot (56 ppm)
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Helenalin found in Root
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Degranulant
Helenalin found in Root
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root
Dermatitigenic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Costunolide found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Helenalin found in Root
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Diuretic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Friedelin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Plant
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Stigmasterol found in Root
Expectorant
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Fungicide
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Helenalin found in Root
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hepatoregenerative
Azulene found in Root
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Herbicide
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Herbistat
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (580 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Campesterol found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant ;found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Hypotensive
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Copper found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root
Helenalin found in Root
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant ;found in Root (1500 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Inotropic
Helenalin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Insecticide
Helenalin found in Root
Insectifuge
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Helenalin found in Root
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Irritant
Helenalin found in Root
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (1 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Mitogenic
Helenalin found in Root
Molluscicide
Helenalin found in Root
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Mycobactericide
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Nematicide
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Plant ;found in Root (1500 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Paralytic
Helenalin found in Root
Perfumery
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Pesticide
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Aluminum found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Costunolide found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Dammaradienol found in Root
Dihydroisoalantolactone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Germacrene-d found in Root
Helenalin found in Root
Helenin found in Plant ;found in Root (15600 ppm)
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Root
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Photoactive
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Piscicide
Helenalin found in Root
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Probiotic
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Root (450000 ppm);found in Root (440000 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root
Iron found in Plant ;found in Root (4 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
3-methylquercetin found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Protisticide
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Respiroanaleptic
Helenalin found in Root
Schistosomicide
Costunolide found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Plant
Secretogogue
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Secretolytic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Sunscreen
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Sympathomimetic
Helenalin found in Root
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Trematodicide
Costunolide found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Isoalantolactone found in Essential Oil ;found in Rhizome (19400 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot (13 ppm);found in Root (5215 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
VEGF-Inhibitor
Costunolide found in Shoot (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Selenium found in Root
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7500 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (70 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Vermifuge
Alantolactone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Root (1740 ppm);found in Rhizome (15100 ppm)
Helenalin found in Root
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant ;found in Root (3.9 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-inositol Leaf
1-(1-iso-butyroxy-methyl-1-2-oxido-ethyl)-2-iso-butyroxy-4-methyl-benzene Root 5
1-beta-hydroxyisoalantolactone Shoot 3.3
1-deoxy-8-epiivangustin Plant
Root 180
11(13)-dehydro-eriolin Shoot 37.5
1beta,10alpha-epoxy-1,10-h-cis-inunolide Plant
Shoot 16.7
1beta-hydroxyalantolactone Plant
2-alpha-hydroxyalantolactone Shoot 56
2-oxoalantolactone Root
Shoot 5
3-methylquercetin Inflorescence
4,5-dihydro-5,6-dehydroalantolactone Root
4-alpha-5-alpha-epoxy-10-14(h)-inuviscolide Shoot 27
4-alpha-5-alpha-epoxy-10-alpha-4(h)-inuviscolide Shoot 700
4-epiisoinuviscolide Plant
Shoot 6.6
4alpha-h-confertin Plant
Shoot 1.3
4beta,5alpha-epoxy-4,5-cis-inunolide Plant
Shoot 33
4h-tomentosin Plant
8,9-epoxy-10-isobutyryloxythymol-isobutyrate Root
8-epi-isovangustin Shoot 40
8-epiivangustin Plant
8-epitomentosin Plant
Shoot 16.7
9-beta-(2-methyl-butyroyl-oxy)-costunolide Shoot 20
9-beta-hydroxycostunolide Shoot 20
9-beta-iso-butyroyl-oxy-costunolide Shoot 4
9-beta-iso-valeroyl-oxy-costunolide Shoot 20
9-isobutyryloxy-costulonide Plant
9-isovaleryloxy-costulonide Plant
9beta-(2-methylbutyryloxy)-costulonide Plant
9beta-hydroxycostulonide Plant
Alantic-acid Root
Alantol Root
Alantolactone Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Root 435 1,740
Rhizome 5,000 15,100
Alantolic-acid Root
Alantopicrin Leaf
Aluminum Plant
Ascorbic-acid Leaf
Root 4.4 20
Ash Root 15,840 72,000
Azulene Root
Beta-carotene Root
Beta-humulene Root 66
Beta-sitosterol Root
Beta-sitosterol-glucoside Root
Calcium Root 2,200 10,000
Campesterol Root
Carabrone Plant
Shoot 34 40
Chromium Root 0.2 1
Cobalt Root 0.4 1.8
Copper Plant
Costunolide Shoot 20
Damaradienol Root
Dammadien-3-beta-ol Root 60
Dammaradienol Root
Dammaradienol-acetate Root 20,000
Dammaradienyl-acetate Root
Dihydroalantolactone Rhizome
Root
Dihydroisoalantolactone Fruit
Plant
Root
Rhizome
Eo Fruit 10,000 40,000
Plant 5,700 54,000
Eudesma-4(15)-7(11)-dien-8-beta-12-olide Root
Eudesma-5-7(11)-dien-13-ol-8-beta-12-olide Root
Eudesma-5-7(11)-dien-8-beta-12-olide Root
Eudesmadien-4-(15),7(11)-olid-(8beta,12) Root
Eudesmadien-5,7(11)-olid-(8beta,12) Root
Eudesmamolides Root
Fat Root 4,180 19,000
Fiber(crude) Root 140,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 380,000
Friedelin Root Essent. Oil
Root
Gamma-sitosterol Root
Germacrene-d Root
Germacrene-d-lactone Plant
Root 30
Germacrene-d-lactose Plant
Helenalin Root
Helenin Plant
Root 15,600
Helenine Root Essent. Oil
Helianthenin Root
Inulenin Root
Inulin Root 99,000 450,000
Root 200,000 440,000
Inulinase Root
Iron Plant
Root 0.9 4
Isoalantolactone Essential Oil
Rhizome 9,900 19,400
Plant
Shoot 13
Root 1,305 5,215
Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium Root 1,650 7,500
Manganese Plant
Root 0.2 0.8
Molybdenum Plant
Mucilage Plant
Niacin Root 15 70
Nickel Plant
Nonacosan Root
Pectins Root
Phosphorus Plant
Root 330 1,500
Phytomelane Root
Potassium Root 2,222 10,100
Protein Root 39,600 180,000
Pseudoinulin Root
Quercetin Inflorescence
Quercetin-7-o-beta-triglucoside Inflorescence
Resin Root
Riboflavin Root 0.7 3.2
Scopoletin Plant
Shoot
Selenium Root
Silicon Root
Sodium Root 128 580
Stigmasterol Root
Strontium Plant
Synanthrin Root
Tetrahydro-alantolactone Rhizome
Thiamine Root 2.4 11
Tomentosin Plant
Shoot 26.7
Trideca-12-ene-2-4-6-8-10-pentayne Root 6.6
Umbelliferone Plant
Shoot
Water Root 780,000
Zinc Plant
Root 1 3.9
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]