Hyoscyamus niger Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black henbane common henbane henbane hog's-bean stinking-nightshade

Hyoscyamus niger, also known as stinking nightshade or black henbane, is a plant of the family Solanaceae that originated in Eurasia, though it is now globally distributed.

Hyoscyamus niger

Medical use

Economic importance of Hyoscyamus niger

Medicines source of atropine, hyoscine, & hyoscyamine
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger Hyoscyamus niger

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    • China: China
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Nepal; Pakistan
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Malta; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
    Cultivated
    • Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • United States

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6224 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Esculetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Seed
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Amnesigenic
Scopolamine found in Seed
Analeptic
Gaba found in Leaf
Analgesic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Anesthetic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Coumarin found in Plant
Scopolamine found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Seed (0.29 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Coumarin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (180 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Choline found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (26 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (180 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antianoxic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (26 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antibradycardic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Plant
Anticancer
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (180 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Esculetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Anticataract
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Leaf
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (180 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antichoreic
Choline found in Plant
Gaba found in Leaf
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Plant
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopolamine found in Seed
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Plant
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antideliriant
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antidementia
Choline found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choline found in Plant
Copper found in Seed (26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Esculetin found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Plant
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiedemic
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiemetic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antiemphysemic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antienuretic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Esculetin found in Plant
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Copper found in Seed (26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antihiccup
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antihistaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Copper found in Seed (26 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiiritic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antilepric
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Leaf
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antimalarial
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimanic
Choline found in Plant
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antimeasles
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antimelanogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (180 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antimitotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimuscarinic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antimutagenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Plant
Copper found in Seed (26 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Antioxidant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1167 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Trimethylamine found in Leaf
Antiparkinsonian
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiperoxidant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiperspirant
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antipertussic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Coumarin found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Esculetin found in Plant
Antiradicular
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiseptic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antisialogogue
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Apoatropine found in Leaf
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antispermatorrheic
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antistaphylococcic
Esculetin found in Plant
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Antisunburn
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopolamine found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Antiuveitic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf
Antivertigo
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Antivinous
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antiviral
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopolamine found in Seed
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Apoptotic
Rutin found in Leaf
Astringent
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Coumarin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Bronchorelaxant
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Bruchiphobe
Coumarin found in Plant
CNS-Active
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Pyridine found in Leaf
Scopolamine found in Seed
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1167 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant
Scopolamine found in Seed
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Copper found in Seed (26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Coumarin found in Plant
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Leaf
Catabolic
Rutin found in Leaf
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Plant
Clastogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Collagen-Sparing
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Collagenic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (26 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Cosmetic
Esculetin found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1167 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6224 ppm)
Cyclopegic
Scopolamine found in Seed
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Esculetin found in Plant
DME-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Plant
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Esculetin found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Seed
Diuretic
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Emetic
Coumarin found in Plant
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Estrogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Pyridine found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6224 ppm)
Fungicide
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Plant
Hemostat
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choline found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1167 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Hyperkinetic
Scopolamine found in Seed
Hyperpyrexic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hypertensive
Esculetin found in Plant
Sodium found in Seed (327 ppm)
Hypnotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Scopolamine found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (26 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Seed
Rutin found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6224 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Manganese found in Seed (166 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Seed (26 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Insecticide
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Pyridine found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lipotropic
Choline found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1167 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6224 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Choline found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Musculotropic
Esculetin found in Plant
Mutagenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Mydriatic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Esculetin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Narcotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1167 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Gaba found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6224 ppm)
Pesticide
Arsenic found in Seed (0.29 ppm)
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Photophobigenic
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Piscicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Preanesthetic
Scopolamine found in Seed
Prooxidant
Iron found in Seed (180 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (219396 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (136928 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6224 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Psychoactive
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Psychotomimetic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Respiradepressant
Apoatropine found in Leaf
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Plant
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Plant
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (26 ppm)
Sedative
Coumarin found in Plant
Gaba found in Leaf
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Scopolamine found in Seed
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (25285 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Sunscreen
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6224 ppm)
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Tachycardic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopolamine found in Seed
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Toxic
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Tropine found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Gaba found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Transdermal
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
UV-Screen
Esculetin found in Plant
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Vasodilator
Atropine found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (7420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (5250 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (5680 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (48 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Esculetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alkaloids Leaf 300 1,700
Root 1,600
Seed 600 100
Apoatropine Leaf
Arsenic Seed 0.29
Atropine Leaf
Seed
Atroscine Seed
Bimethylamine Leaf
Calcium Seed 7,420
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Choline Plant
Copper Seed 26
Coumarin Plant
Cuscohygrine Leaf
Esculetin Plant
Fat Seed 250,000 389,000
Gaba Leaf
Gum Seed 62,000
Hyoscyamine Leaf
Shoot
Hyoscypicrin Leaf
Iron Seed 180
Kaempferol-3-diglycoside Leaf
Linoleic-acid Seed 141,000 219,396
Magnesium Seed 5,250
Manganese Seed 166
Methyl-pyrollidine Leaf
Methyl-pyrroline Leaf
Mucilage Plant
Myristic-acid Seed 750 1,167
Oleic-acid Seed 88,000 136,928
Palmitic-acid Seed 16,250 25,285
Phytosterols Seed
Potassium Seed 5,680
Potassium-nitrate Leaf
Protein Seed 212,000
Pyridine Leaf
Quercetin-7-glucosido-3-rhamnogalactoside Leaf
Resin Seed
Rutin Leaf
Scopetol Leaf
Scopine Leaf
Scopolamine Seed
Scopoline Leaf
Sodium Seed 327
Stearic-acid Seed 4,000 6,224
Tetramethylputrescine Leaf
Trimethylamine Leaf
Tropine Leaf
Zinc Seed 48
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]