Hyacinthus orientalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
hyacinth

Hyacinthus orientalis, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant, native to southwestern Asia, southern and central Turkey, northwestern Syria, Lebanon and northern Israel. It was introduced to Europe in the 16th century. It is widely cultivated everywhere in the temperate world for its strongly fragrant flowers which appear exceptionally early in the season, and frequently forced to flower at Christmas time.

Hyacinthus orientalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Hyacinthus orientalis

Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinthus orientalis

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Acaricide
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Adrenergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Allelochemic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Flower
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Allergenic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (920 ppm)
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Benzyl-salicylate found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Analgesic
Ethyl-salicylate found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (920 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antiacne
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Antibacterial
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Anticancer
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Antiedemic
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antienterococcic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antifeedant
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antihepatomic
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Antiherpetic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antiklebsiellic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Antileukemic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Antilithic
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Antimalarial
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Antimelanomic
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Antimelasmic
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Antimenorrhagic
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Antimutagenic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Ethyl-salicylate found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Antinephritic
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (920 ppm)
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Antioxidant
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Antipertussive
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Antipneumonic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (920 ppm)
Antipseudomonic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Antipyretic
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
Ethyl-salicylate found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Antiseptic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (920 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Hexanol found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antithyreotropic
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Antitrypanosomic
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Antitumor
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Antiulcer
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antiurease
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Antiviral
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Artemicide
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Astringent
Hydroquinone found in Flower
CNS-Depressant
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Candidicide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Carminative
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Chronotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Circulatory-Stimulant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Convulsant
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Counterirritant
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
DNA-Binder
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Deliriant
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Depigmentor
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Emetic
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Expectorant
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
FLavor
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (920 ppm)
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Benzyl-formate found in Flower (1.15 ppm)
Benzyl-salicylate found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Cinnamyl-acetate found in Flower (16 ppm)
Cis-3-hexenol found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Ethyl-benzoate found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Ethyl-salicylate found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Hexanol found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Hydroquinone-dimethyl-ether found in Flower
Methyl-benzoate found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
N-heptanal found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Fungicide
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (920 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Fungistat
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Herbicide
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Histaminic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Hypertensive
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Hypoglycemic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Hypotensive
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Hypothermic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Inotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Insecticide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Insectifuge
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Insectiphile
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Irritant
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Methyl-benzoate found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Laxative
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Monoaminergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Mutagenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Mycoplasmistat
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Myorelaxant
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Cinnamyl-acetate found in Flower (16 ppm)
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Pediculicide
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Perfumery
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Pesticide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (920 ppm)
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Cinnamyl-acetate found in Flower (16 ppm)
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Hexanol found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower (0.46 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower (0.23 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Scabicide
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (138 ppm)
Sedative
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (920 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower (34 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Teratogenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Tinnitigenic
Hydroquinone found in Flower
Tranquilizer
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower (0.69 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Indole found in Flower (3.45 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Flower (2.3 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Varroacide
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Vasodilator
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Flower (4.6 ppm)
Vibriocide
Cinnamaldehyde found in Flower (6.9 ppm)
Vulnerary
Benzoic-acid found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,2,4-trimethoxybenzene Flower 5 69
1,2-dimethoxy-benzene Flower 0.032 0.46
1,4-dimethoxy-benzene Flower 0.32 4.6
1-octen-3-ol Flower 1 16
2-methoxy-methyl-benzoate Flower 0.16 2.3
2-methoxybenzyl-acetate Flower 0.032 0.46
2-methoxyethyl-acetate Flower 0.032 0.46
6,10,14-trimethyl-pentadecan-2-one Flower 0.16 2.3
Alpha-farnesene Flower 0.16 2.3
Benzaldehyde Flower 0.16 2.3
Benzoic-acid Flower
Benzyl-acetate Flower
Benzyl-alcohol Flower 64 920
Benzyl-benzoate Flower 10 138
Benzyl-formate Flower 0.08 1.15
Benzyl-salicylate Flower 0.32 4.6
Benzyl-tiglate Flower 0.048 0.69
Cinnamaldehyde Flower 0.48 6.9
Cinnamyl-acetate Flower 1 16
Cinnamyl-alcohol Flower
Cis-3-hexenol Flower 0.032 0.46
Cis-3-hexenyl-acetate Flower 0.016 0.23
Cis-cinnamyl-alcohol Flower 0.32 4.6
Cis-ocimene Flower 0.016 0.23
Cyanidin-3,5-glucoside Flower
Delphinidin-3,5-glucoside Flower
Dimethyl-anthranilate Flower
Eo Flower 160 2,300
Ethyl-benzoate Flower 0.032 0.46
Ethyl-salicylate Flower 0.032 0.46
Eugenol Flower 0.32 4.6
Geraniol Flower 0.048 0.69
Heptanal-diethyl-acetate Flower 0.016 0.23
Heptanol Flower 0.016 0.23
Hexanol Flower 0.032 0.46
Hydroquinone Flower
Hydroquinone-dimethyl-ether Flower
Indole Flower 0.24 3.45
Linalol Flower 0.032 0.46
Methyl-benzoate Flower 0.048 0.69
Methyl-benzyl-ether Flower 0.016 0.23
Methyl-chavicol Flower 0.032 0.46
Methyl-eugenol Flower 2 34
Methyl-n-methyl-anthranilate Flower 1 7
Methyl-o-methoxy-benzoate(?) Flower
Methyl-salicylate Flower 0.16 2.3
Methyl-veratrate Flower 0.016 0.23
Myrcene Flower 0.016 0.23
N-heptaldehyde(?) Flower
N-heptanal Flower 0.032 0.46
N-heptanol Essential Oil
P-methoxy-acetophenone Flower 0.16 2.3
P-methoxy-phenyl-ethyl-acetate Flower 0.48 6.9
P.methoxyphenylpropyl-alcohol Flower 0.032 0.46
Pelargonidin-3,5-glucoside Flower
Phenyl-ethyl-alcohol Flower 6 85
Phenylehtyl-benzoate Flower 2 28
Phenylethyl-salicylate Flower 0.064 0.92
Phenylpropyl-acetate Flower 0.08 1.15
Phenylpropyl-alcohol Flower 1 18
Saponin Seed
Twig
Trans-alpha-farnesene Flower 1 14
Trans-cinnamyl-alcohol Flower 18 253
Trans-ocimene Flower 0.032 0.46
Trimethoxymethyl-benzoate Flower 32 460
Undecanone Flower 0.064 0.92
Veratryl-acetate Flower 0.048 0.69
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]