Hura crepitans Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
sandboxtree

Hura crepitans, the sandbox tree, also known as possumwood and jabillo, is an evergreen tree of the spurge family, native to tropical regions of North and South America, including the Amazon Rainforest. It is recognized by the many dark, pointed spines and smooth brown bark. These spines have caused it to be called Monkey no-climb. Sandbox trees can grow to 60 metres, and the large ovate leaves grow to two feet wide. They are monoecious. The red flowers have no petals. Male flowers grow on long spikes; female flowers are solitary in axils. The fruit is a large capsule with explosive dehiscence; seeds can be launched at 70 metres per second. One source states that ripe pods catapult the seeds as far as 100 metres. Another source states that seeds are thrown as far as 45 metres from the tree, with a mode at about 30 metres. It has also been known as the Dynamite tree, so named for the explosive sound of the ripe fruit as it splits into segments. Its fruits are pumpkin-shaped capsules, 1.4–2 inches long, 2–3.2 inches diameter, with 16 carpels arranged radially. Its seeds are flattened and about 0.8 inches diameter. In parts of Tanzania in Africa it has become invasive.

Hura crepitans

Medical use

Economic importance of Hura crepitans

Environmental shade/shelter
Materials beads
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador - Loja, Morona-Santiago; Peru

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Analgesic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Inositol found in Latex Exudate
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Cycloartenol found in Latex Exudate
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Anticirrhotic
Inositol found in Latex Exudate
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Cycloartenol found in Latex Exudate
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antinitrosaminic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antirheumatic
Cycloartenol found in Latex Exudate
Antiseptic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Cycloartenol found in Latex Exudate
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antitumor
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiviral
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Inositol found in Latex Exudate
Co-carcinogenic
Huratoxin found in Latex Exudate
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Diuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Fungicide
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Hepatotropic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Cycloartenol found in Latex Exudate
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Kaempferol found in Leaf
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lipotropic
Inositol found in Latex Exudate
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Pesticide
Cycloartenol found in Latex Exudate
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Huratoxin found in Latex Exudate
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Piscicide
Huratoxin found in Latex Exudate
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandigenic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Sweetener
Inositol found in Latex Exudate
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Cycloartenol found in Latex Exudate
Inositol found in Latex Exudate
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
24-methylene-cycloartenol Latex Exudate
Butyrospermol Latex Exudate
Crepitin Seed
Cycloartenol Latex Exudate
Ferulic-acid Leaf
Hurain Latex Exudate
Huratoxin Latex Exudate
Hurine Latex Exudate
Inositol Latex Exudate
Kaempferol Leaf
P-coumaric-acid Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]