Holarrhena pubescens Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
conessi feverpod holarrhena kurchibark Tellicherry-bark

Holarrhena pubescens is a species of flowering plant in the Apocynaceae family. It is native to central and southern Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, and parts of China.

Holarrhena pubescens

Economic importance of Holarrhena pubescens

Environmental ornamental
Materials carved material
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Limpopo
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Yunnan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Nepal
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12920 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Syringic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Amebicide
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Holarrhenine found in Bark
Analgesic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Anesthetic
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiTGF-beta
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Lupeol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiflu
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Lignoceric-acid found in Seed (5700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Tissue Culture
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Bark
Antihyperlipidemic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Lupeol found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Bark
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Tissue Culture
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol found in Tissue Culture
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Bark
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Cholesterol found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Tissue Culture
Syringic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Lupeol found in Bark
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antiradicular
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Lupeol found in Bark
Antiseptic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antisickling
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiurethritic
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Bark
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Tissue Culture
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol found in Tissue Culture
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Paralytic
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Tissue Culture
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Holarrhenine found in Bark
Kurchicine found in Bark ;found in Seed
Kurchine found in Bark
Norconessine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotonic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12920 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Elastase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Tissue Culture
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12920 ppm)
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Bark
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12920 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Tissue Culture
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Hypotensive
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Leucocytogenic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12920 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Narcotic
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Tissue Culture
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12920 ppm)
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Holarrhenine found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Piscicide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (164100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (63000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12920 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Sedative
Stigmasterol found in Tissue Culture
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (16800 ppm)
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (12920 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tremorigenic
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Trichomonicide
Conessine found in Bark (13000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Seed ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root Bark
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Syringic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Tissue Culture
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (11400 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2,4-methylene-cholesterol Tissue Culture
3-alpha-aminoconan-5-ene Stem Bark
3-aminoconan-5-en Bark
3alpha,20alpha-bes-(dimethylamino)-5-pregnen Bark
3alpha-dimethyl-amino-5alpha-conanine Bark
4-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Leaf
7alpha-hydroxyconessine Bark
Alkaloids Bark 2,200 42,000
Seed 18,250 40,000
Stem 5,200
Flower 5,500
Leaf 9,700
Alpha-hydroxyconessine Bark
Stem Bark
Alpha-kurchessine Stem Bark
Alpha-resorcylic-acid Leaf
Antidysentericine Seed 8.2
Beta-sitosterol Bark
Tissue Culture
Caotchouc Latex Exudate 15,000 97,000
Cholesterol Tissue Culture
Conamine Bark
Seed
Conarrhimine Bark
Seed
Concurchine Bark
Concurchinine Bark
Concuressine Bark
Stem Bark
Conessidine Bark
Seed
Conessimine Bark 1,200
Stem Bark 750
Conessine Bark 900 13,000
Tissue Culture
Seed
Stem Bark 900 2,900
Root Bark
Conimine Bark
Dihydroconcuressine Stem Bark
Dihydroisoconessimine Bark
Stem Bark
Dihydroisoconessine Bark
Ergostenol Bark
Fat Seed 190,000 300,000
Gum Bark 95,600
Holadiene Stem Bark 7
Holadysone Bark 1.3
Holamide Bark 2.5
Holarrhenine Bark
Holarrhessimine Bark
Holarrhidine Bark
Holarrhimine Bark
Stem Bark
Seed
Holarrhine Bark
Seed
Holarricine Seed
Holarrifine Bark
Holonamine Bark
Stem Bark
Isoconessimine Bark
Stem Bark 750
Kaempferol Leaf
Kurchaline Leaf
Kurchamide Bark 1.7
Kurchamine Bark
Stem Bark
Kurchenine Seed
Kurchessine Plant
Stem Bark
Kurchicine Bark
Seed
Kurchilidine Bark 1.2
Kurchimine Stem Bark
Kurchine Bark
Kurchinicin Bark 1.7
Kurchinidine Stem Bark 0.7
Kurchinin Stem Bark 4.2
Kurchinine Bark 2.2
Kurchiphyllamine Leaf
Kurchiphylline Leaf
Kurcholessine Bark
Stem Bark 2
L-querbrachitol Leaf 2,500 15,000
Stem 7,000
Lettocine Bark
Lettoresinol-a Latex Exudate
Lettoresinol-b Latex Exudate
Lignoceric-acid Seed 3,610 5,700
Linoleic-acid Seed 52,000 164,100
Linolenic-acid Seed 19,000
Lupeol Bark
Monomethylholarrhimine-i Bark
Monomethylholarrhimine-ii Bark
N-20-methyl-holarrhimine Bark
Stem Bark
N-3-methyl-holarrhimine Bark
Stem Bark
N-methylholarrhimine Stem Bark
N-n'-tetramethylholarrhimine Stem Bark
N-n-1-tetramethylholarrhimine Plant
Norconessine Bark 3
Norholadiene Bark 1.2
Oleic-acid Seed 39,900 63,000
Palmitic-acid Seed 10,640 16,800
Pubescimine Bark 3.2
Pubescine Bark 2.5
Pubescinine Bark 1.8
Quercetin Leaf
Regholarrhenine-a Bark 3.6
Stem Bark 110
Regholarrhenine-b Stem Bark 166
Regholarrhenine-c Stem Bark 70
Regholarrhenine-d Stem Bark 15
Regholarrhenine-e Stem Bark 15.5
Regholarrhenine-f Stem Bark 400
Resin Bark 2,000
Stearic-acid Seed 12,920
Stigmastadienol Bark
Stigmasterol Tissue Culture
Syringic-acid Leaf
Tannin Bark 11,400
Tetramethylholarrhimine Bark
Trimethylconkurchine Bark
Ursolic-acid Leaf
Vanillic-acid Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]