Hippophae rhamnoides Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
sallowthorn sea-buckthorn

Hippophae rhamnoides, common sea-buckthorn, is a species of flowering plant in the family Elaeagnaceae, native to fixed dunes and sea cliffs in Europe and Asia. It is a spiny deciduous shrub.

Hippophae rhamnoides

Medical use

Economic importance of Hippophae rhamnoides

Environmental erosion control ornamental shade/shelter
Human food fruit
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae rhamnoides

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • China: China - Gansu, Hebei, Nei Monggol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Abortifacient
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Fruit
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Allergenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Fruit
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Harmalol found in Shoot
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Fruit
Anticonvulsant
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antidepressant
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Succinic-acid found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Fruit
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Antigastrisecretogogic
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Leucodelphinidin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Fruit
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antimitotic
Harmalol found in Shoot
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antimutilation
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antineoplastic
Leucodelphinidin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Lycopene found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antipredatory
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Lycopene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Lycopene found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antireserpine
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antiscoliotic
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Antistomatitic
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Antitourette
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Harmol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Lycopene found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antitussive
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Harmalol found in Shoot
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Astringent
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Fruit
Bronchoconstrictor
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Bruchifuge
Xanthophyll found in Fruit
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Stimulant
Harmalol found in Shoot
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cancer-Preventive
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Lycopene found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Succinic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Capillariprotective
Leucocyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cerebrophilic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Quinic-acid found in Fruit
Coagulant
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Lycopene found in Fruit
Zeaxanthin found in Fruit
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cytotoxic
Harmalol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Demulcent
Pectin found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Desmutagenic
Harmalol found in Shoot
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Fruit
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Fruit
Emetic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Euphoriant
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Zeaxanthin found in Fruit
Hepatotoxic
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit
Hypertensive
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Lycopene found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Insecticide
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Xanthophyll found in Fruit
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Fruit
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Fruit
Laxative
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Fruit
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Myostimulant
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Neurotransmitter
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Oxytocic
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Fruit
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Fruit
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Fruit
Pesticide
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Harmalol found in Shoot
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Succinic-acid found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Xanthophyll found in Fruit
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Fruit
Preservative
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Lycopene found in Fruit
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (2100 ppm);found in Seed (14935 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bark (19155 ppm);found in Seed (50300 ppm);found in Fruit (12680 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zeaxanthin found in Fruit
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Secretogogue
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Spasmogenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Succinic-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Bark (5720 ppm);found in Seed (6610 ppm);found in Fruit (1040 ppm)
Sweetener
Galactose found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Teratogenic
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (970 ppm)
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Fruit
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Vasoactive
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Serotonin found in Bark (4000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (9000 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (14000 ppm);found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (18000 ppm);found in Shoot (50000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-querbrachitol Fruit 3,500
5-hydroxytryptamine Bark 3,000 4,000
Arabinose Fruit
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 500 14,000
Leaf 1,500 3,400
Ash Fruit 5,000
Beta-carotene Fruit 3 80
Beta-sitosterol Seed 550 970
Carotene Fruit 300 400
Carotenoids Fruit 150 430
Citric-acid Fruit
Crytoxanthin Fruit
Dehydroascorbic-acid Fruit 60 1,400
Fat Bark 30,600
Seed 92,000 121,300
Fruit 20,000 50,000
Fiber Fruit 9,000
Galactose Fruit
Glucose Fruit
Harmalol Shoot
Harmol Leaf
Hemin Root 0.3
Hippophain Bark
Hippophainum Bark
Isolinoleic-acid Seed 18,400 25,095
Isorhamnetin Fruit
Isorhamnetin-3-beta-rutinoside Fruit
Isorhamnetin-3-mono-beta-d-glucoside Fruit
Isorhamnetin-7-rhamnoside-3-glucoside Fruit
Kaempferol Fruit
Leucocyanidin Leaf
Leucodelphinidin Leaf
Linoleic-acid Fruit 2,100
Seed 11,040 14,935
Linolenic-acid Seed 13,430 17,745
Lycopene Fruit
Malic-acid Fruit 15,000 29,000
Mannitol Fruit
Oleic-acid Bark 19,155
Seed 37,720 50,300
Fruit 12,680
Paeonin Fruit
Palmitic-acid Bark 5,720
Fruit 1,040
Seed 5,060 6,610
Pectin Fruit
Physaliene Fruit
Protein Fruit 12,000
Seed 226,000 281,000
Quercetin Fruit
Quinic-acid Fruit
Rhamnose Fruit
Serotonin Bark 3,000 4,000
Stearic-acid Bark 5,720
Seed 6,610
Fruit 1,040
Succinic-acid Fruit
Sucrose Fruit 1,000 5,000
Tannic-acid Bark
Tannin Fruit 18,000
Shoot 40,000 50,000
Vit-e Fruit 1,600
Water Fruit 825,000
Xanthophyll Fruit
Zeaxanthin Fruit
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]